Sunday, 20 July 2014

(131) Anderson of Notgrove Manor

In 1918, Sir Alan Garrett Anderson (1877-1952), a shipowner, bought Notgrove Manor in Gloucestershire, which had recently been enlarged for another shipowner, Cyril Cunard. Anderson was the son of two remarkable parents: James George Skelton Anderson (1838-1907), the son of a Scottish clergyman who had built a fortune in the shipping industry, and Dr. Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1836-1917), the first woman in Britain to qualify as a doctor, founder of a hospital for women, and Britain's first female mayor (at Aldeburgh in Suffolk). Sir Alan himself steered his family business through difficult years either side of the First World War and into a merger with P&O, of which he became a Director. In both world wars he put his expertise in shipping and transport at the service of the Government, and from 1918-46 he was a Director of the Bank of England. Unfortunately in 1938 much of his recently extended house at Notgrove was gutted by fire, but he managed to get it reconstructed before wartime restrictions on materials became too severe.  When he died in 1952 he left Notgrove to his younger son, Sir Donald Anderson, who became Chairman & Managing Director of P&O and managed the company through a period of major change in which it diversified into freight transport and encouraged the adoption of shipping containers.  In 1968 he sold Notgrove Manor to Sir Cyril Kleinwort, the banker and shortly afterwards he retired from P&O; he died from cancer two years later.

Notgrove Manor, Gloucestershire


Notgrove Manor as depicted on the 1883 6" map.

Notgrove Manor is a building that has undergone extensive, often quite dramatic, changes during its long life. A manor house on this site was first recorded in 1231, but the first building of which anything is known was a range running north to south which from photographs in Country Life was probably built in the mid 16th century, and which was therefore probably built for Alexander Whittington. To this building, a later range of c.1600 was attached at the north end, running east towards the nearby church of St Bartholomew, and built roughly in line with its nave: this will have been the work of his grandson, John Whittington. In 1663 the house was taxed on six hearths, but soon afterwards it was divided into two dwellings. In the 18th century the Pyrke family reserved the long east wing for their own use, while the north-south range became the estate farmhouse. The Pyrkes wing was little used, as none of the family seem to have been resident, and slid slowly into decay, so that by the mid 19th century it was in ruins.


The estate was put on the market in 1871 and divided between Christ Church and Corpus Christi Colleges, Oxford. Corpus Christi bought out Christ Church’s interest in 1877, and was probably responsible for reconstructing and shortening the east wing of the manor house in the late 1870s. In 1908 the college sold the manor house and most of the land to the shipping magnate, Cyril Grant Cunard. He embarked on a scheme of considerable enlargement to make this his country house, which was carried out in 1908-11.

A.N. Prentice's design for remodelling Notgrove Manor for Sir Cyril Cunard,
from The Architect's & Builder's Journal, 1911

Cunard’s architect was A.N. Prentice, a choice that may not only have been influenced by his successful work at Willersey Manor, but also by his having designed interiors for ocean liners. Considering the extent of enlargement required, Prentice’s design was extremely sensitive, particularly the way in which he added a new dining room, suite of bedrooms and servants’ offices in a block attached at the north-west junction of the ‘L’ of the existing house, minimising interference with the historic fabric. The earliest part of the house was extended to the south to create a new drawing room with a two-storey bay window on the new gable end, while the recently rebuilt east wing was largely left untouched, apart from some minor internal alterations. 



A.N. Prentice's plan for the house, as published in 1911.

Prentice’s main opportunities for architectural invention seem to have been the picturesque composition of projecting chimney stacks and gables on the west elevation of the extended south wing, and the creation of a full-height entrance hall, achieved by eliminating a bedroom and installing a connecting balcony. Here the roof structure was exposed to dramatic effect. Elsewhere in the house plasterwork, panelling and a heraldic chimneypiece were supplied by Martyns of Cheltenham, who had previously worked on Cunard liners. At about the same time Prentice designed a thatched octagonal dairy, standing across the courtyard to the east, and laid out a formal garden with a long pergola to the west of the house.


Notgrove Manor from the 1924 6" map, showing the creation of a park, formal garden, drive and lodge, and the expansion of the house.
Cyril Cunard died in 1914 and his widow sold the house to Sir Alan Garrett Anderson in 1918. Sir Alan (d. 1952) was also a shipowner and a director of the P&O company. In 1920 and 1921 he purchased the parts of the estate retained by Corpus Christi College in 1908, and he also brought back A.N. Prenctice in 1919-20 to design a stable block and a cottage. Further additions were made to the house in 1936, including a small loggia at the west end of the 1910 wing, a new kitchen, and an extension to the north to accommodate garaging. Regrettably, a catastrophic fire in December 1938 gutted most of the earlier part of the house, although it was competently reinstated by Bertram Hume and Raymond Erith. 


Notgrove Manor from the south-east, showing the house as remodelled in 1969. Image: © Mike Hill.

In 1968 Sir Donald Garrett Anderson sold the estate to the banker, Cyril Kleinwort, who settled it on his daughter Elizabeth and her husband David Acland. In 1969 they commissioned a set of reductions and rationalisations from Martin Podd with the builders, George Foster of Broadway. These entailed shortening both rebuilt older wings and modernizing the garaging. The remaining part of the east wing was recast to become the entrance hall with a new staircase at the inner end. The gardens were also simplified at about the same time, and all but one bay of Prentice’s pergola was demolished. In 1995 a conservatory was erected in the south-west angle in front of the dining room. 


Notgrove Manor in 2013. Image: John M. Licenced under this Creative Commons licence

Descent: John Whittington (d. 1525); to son, Alexander Whittington (d. 1579); to grandson, John Whittington (fl. 1579-1637); to son, Edmund Whittington (d. c.1663); to granddaughter, Sarah alias Catherine Talbot (d. 1693), wife of Sir Clement Clerke (d. 1693); to son, Sir Talbot Clerke, who sold 1700 to Thomas Pyrke (d. 1702); to grandson, Thomas Pyrke (d. 1752); to widow, Dorothy Pyrke (d. 1862) and then to his great-nephew, Joseph Watts (later Pyrke) (d. 1803); to son, Joseph Pyrke (d. 1851); to son, Duncombe Pyrke, who sold 1871 to Corpus Christi College, Oxford; sold 1908 to Cyril Grant Cunard (1867-1914); to widow, Beatrice, later wife of W.H. Curran, who sold 1918 to Sir Alan Garrett Anderson (1877-1952); to son, Sir Donald Garrett Anderson (1906-73), who sold 1968 to Sir Cyril Kleinwort (1905-80), who settled it on his daughter Elizabeth, wife of David Alfred Acland (b. 1929); made over to son, Harry Alexander Acland (b. 1963).

Anderson family of Notgrove Manor


J.G.S. Anderson.
Image: Nat. Portrait Gallery
Anderson, James George Skelton (1838-1907). Son of Rev. Alexander Anderson (1808-84) of Aberdeen, born February 1838. A joint founder of the Orient Steam Navigation Co.; President of the UK Chamber of Shipping, 1886; JP for London and Aldeburgh (Suffolk); four times Mayor of Aldeburgh. He married, 1871, Dr. Elizabeth Garrett MD (1836-1917), the first qualified female doctor of medicine in the UK, founder of the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital for Women, and mayor of Aldeburgh, 1908-10 (the first woman mayor in England), daughter of Newson Garrett of Aldeburgh (Suffolk), and had issue:
(1) Louisa Garrett Anderson CBE MD BS (1873-1943), born 28 July 1873; educated at St Leonard's School, St. Andrews (Fife) and Royal Free Hospital Medical School for Women; surgeon at Military Hospital, Endell St., London, 1915-19; later surgeon to Roll of Honour Hospital for Children, Harrow Road and consulting surgeon at Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital; JP for Buckinghamshire; died unmarried, 15 November 1943;
(2) Margaret Skelton Anderson (1874-75); died in infancy from meningitis;
(3) Sir Alan Garrett Anderson (1877-1952) (q.v.).
He died of a stroke, 25 March 1907; his will was proved 8 May 1907 (estate £165,297). His widow died 17 September 1917; her will was proved 20 March 1918 (estate £24,098).

Anderson, Sir Alan Garrett (1877-1952) of Notgrove Manor. Only son of James George Skelton Anderson (1838-1907) and his wife, Dr. Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, daughter of Newson Garrett of Aldeburgh, born 9 March 1877. Educated at Eton and Trinity College, Oxford, but left without a degree to join the family shipping business, Anderson, Anderson & Co. (the Orient Line), which in 1919 became part of the Peninsular & Orient Steam Navigation Co (the P&O Group); he was a Director of Suez Canal Co, P&O Group, Macbraynes Shipping Co., the Midland Railway and later the London, Midland & Scottish Railway. He was a Director of the Bank of England, 1918-46 (deputy Governor, 1924-26). An enthusiastic yachtsman, he was an honorary Captain, Royal Naval Reserve. Vice-Chair of Royal Commission on Wheat, 1916-17; Chairman of Wheat Executive, 1917; Controller of the Navy and member of the Board of Admiralty, 1917-18; Vice-Chair of Food Council and member of sugar supply committee, 1918; High Sheriff of London, 1922; President of UK Chamber of Shipping, 1924; one of HM's Lieutenants for the City of London, 1927; President of Institute of Marine Engineers, 1928; President of Hospital Savings Association; MP for City of London, 1935-40; Chairman of Cereals Control Board, 1939-40; Controller of Railways, 1941-45. Knighted, 1934 and appointed Officer of the Legion d'Honneur (France); Commander of the order of the Crown of Italy and the order of the White Rose of Finland. Tall and vigorous, he was said to have a magnetic personality and a fine sense of humour, and his capacity to absorb details without forgetting their wider context was formidable. He married, 9 June 1903, Muriel Ivy (1883-1971), elder daughter of George William Duncan of Cedar Grove, Richmond (Surrey), and had issue:
(1) Sir Colin Skelton Anderson (1904-80) (q.v.);
(2) Sir Donald Forsyth Anderson (1906-73) (q.v.);
(3) Diana Elizabeth Anderson (b. 1911); county organiser of Women's Land Army in Gloucestershire in WW2; died unmarried;
(4) Hermione Charteris Anderson (1915-99), born 19 February 1915; died unmarried, November 1999.
He purchased Notgrove Manor in 1918. At his death it passed to his younger son.
He died 4 May 1952; his will was proved 31 May 1952 (estate £169,017).  His wife died in 1971.

Anderson, Sir Colin Skelton (1904-80). Elder son of Sir Alan Garrett Anderson (1877-1952) of Notgrove Manor and his wife  Muriel Ivy, daughter of George William Duncan of Richmond (Surrey), born 15 July 1904. Educated at Eton and Trinity College, Oxford (Hon. Fellow, 1963); hon. LLD (Aberdeen, 1963).  Chairman of Anderson Green & Co. Ltd. and Grey, Dawes, Westray & Co. Ltd.; director of P & O Steam Navigation Co., Midland Bank Ltd., Orient Steam Navigation Co., Marine Insurance Co. Ltd., Australia and New Zealand Bank Ltd. and Royal Opera House, Covent Garden Ltd. President of UK Chamber of Shipping, 1949-50 and chairman of General Council of British Shipping, 1949-50; President of International Chamber of Shipping, 1949-63, British Employers' Confederation, 1956-58 (vice-president, 1952-56); Chairman of National Association of Port Employers, 1947-48 and 1950-54; Chairman of Trustees of Tate Gallery and of Royal Fine Art Commission; member of Council of Royal College of Art (chairman, 1952-56 and later Provost); Prime Warden of Worshipful Co. of Fishmongers, 1963-64.  Knighted 1950 and appointed KBE 1969 and Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau, 1948 (Holland). Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, 1953; hon. FRIBA, 1957. He married, 31 March 1932, Morna Campbell (1906-82), daughter of Sir Alexander Campbell MacCormick KCMG MD of Kilmory Point, Piper, Sydney (Australia) and had issue:
(1) Airlie Garrett Anderson (b. & d. 1933), born January 1933; died in infancy, October 1933;
(2) Catriona Garrett Anderson (b. 1935), born 10 July 1935; married, 9 August 1958, John Williams, architect, only son of W.E. Williams of Bath, and had issue two sons and two daughters;
(3) Rose Ferlina Garrett Anderson (b. 1943), born 24 June 1943; educated at Cheltenham Ladies' College and Sorbonne, Paris (France); married, 6 October 1964, John Humphrey Robertson Carver, eldest son of Humphrey Carver of Dunstisbourne Leer (Glos) and had issue two sons and one daughter.
He died 16 October 1980. His wife died 24 February 1982.

Anderson, Sir Donald Forsyth (1906-73) of Notgrove Manor. Younger son of Sir Alan Garrett Anderson (1877-1952) of Notgrove Manor and his wife  Muriel Ivy, daughter of George William Duncan of Richmond (Surrey), born 3 September 1906. Educated at Eton and Trinity College, Oxford (BA 1928; MA 1931). Employed by Anderson Green & Co., later P&O Steam Navigation Co., 1928-39 and 1943-71 (assistant manager, 1936; director, 1943; managing director, 1946; deputy chairman, 1950; chairman, 1960-71) and was responsible for diversifying the business and developing the container shipping industry in the 1950s and 1960s; served in Ministry of Shipping and Ministry of War Transport, 1939-43 and as part of British Shipping Mission in Washington DC (USA), 1941-43; Director of National Provincial Bank Ltd., Australia & New Zealand Bank Ltd. and other companies. Chairman of British Shipping Federation, 1950-62; President of International Shipping Federation; and joint Chairman of National Maritime Board; President of UK Chamber of Shipping, 1953-54, Institute of Shipping & Forwarding Agents, 1955 and Institute of Marine Engineers, 1956-57; Chairman of British Liner Committee, 1957-58; President of Institute of Export, 1961-63; Hon. Treasurer of Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine. Knighted 1954; DL for Gloucestershire, 1960. He married, 28 February 1935, Margaret Elaine (1913-2002), daughter of Sir David Richard Llewellyn, 1st bt.. and had issue:
(1) Gillian Elizabeth Anderson (b. 1936), born 15 January 1936; educated at Cheltenham Ladies' College and Royal Free Hospital Medical School, Univ. of London (MB, BS 1962); MRCS, LRCP; Tribunal Member, Guardianship Board of New South Wales, 1989-96; married, 24 May 1965 (div. 1984), William Peter Grant Davies, son of William Grant Davies, and had issue one son and two daughters; lived in Sydney, Australia;
(2) Jennifer Forsyth Anderson (b. 1937), born 10 November 1937; educated at Southern Manor School; married, 7 August 1965, Anthony David Loehnis CMG of Houghton House, Churchill (Oxon), son of Sir Clive Loehnis KCMG, and had issue three sons;
(3) Lindsay Garrett Anderson (b. 1942), born 4 December 1942; educated at Cheltenham Ladies' College and Sorbonne, Paris (France); DL for Hampshire; High Sheriff of Hampshire, 1997-98; married, 6 September 1962, Robert Trench Fox CBE of Cheriton House (Hants), son of Waldo Trench Fox MC of Penjerrick (Cornwall) and had issue two sons and two daughters;
(4) Susan Elaine Anderson (b. 1945), born 4 September 1945; JP and DL for Hampshire; married, 14 October 1965, Adam Ivo Stuart Bligh, 11th Earl of Darnley of Netherwood Manor, Tenbury Wells (Worcs) and had issue one son and one daughter.
He inherited Notgrove Manor from his father in 1952 but sold it in 1968; he also had a farm near Moreton-in-Marsh and a London home at 105 Park Lane.
He died of cancer, 20 March 1973. His widow died 4 December 2002.


Sources


Burke's Landed Gentry: the Kingdom of Scotland, 2003, pp. 18-19; The Architects’ and Builders’ Journal, 1 March 1911, p. 220; Country Life, 21 November 1914, pp. 678-83; A. Stuart Gray, Edwardian Architecture, 1988, p. 294; L. Archer, Raymond Erith, Architect, 1985, p. 113; D. Verey & A. Brooks, The buildings of England: Gloucestershire - The Cotswolds, 1999, p. 525; N.W. Kingsley & M.J. Hill, The country houses of Gloucestershire: vol. 3, 1830-2000, 2001, pp. 196-97; VCH Gloucestershire, vol. 9, 2001, pp. 148-49.


Location of archives


Anderson, Sir Alan Garrett (1877-1952): papers relating to Government posts and membership of trade missions, 1917-36 [The National Archives, PRO30/68]
Anderson, Elizabeth Garrett (d. 1917): personal and family correspondence and papers, c.1861-1918 [Suffolk Record Office, Ipswich, HA436]; legal papers, 1871-1918 [London School of Economics, Women's Library, 7/EGA]; letters, papers, photographs and ephemera, c.1883-1903 [London Metropolitan Archives, H72/EGA]


Coat of arms


Argent, a saltire between two mullets in the flanks and a crescent in base gules, on a chief azure three ganders volant proper over a sea undy of the first and third.

Saturday, 19 July 2014

(130) Anderson of Newcastle and Little Harle Tower

Anderson of Littleharle
Some of the leading merchants of Newcastle in the late 16th and early 17th century bore the name Anderson, but the relationships between different branches of the family are obscure and appear to have defeated antiquarian and genealogical authors over the last two centuries. One branch of the family provided the town with MPs at fairly frequent intervals over a century or so: Henry Anderson (d. 1559) being succeeded by Bertram Anderson (c.1505-71), Henry Anderson (1545-1605) and Sir Henry Anderson (1582/3-1658/9). The second leading branch can be traced from Francis Anderson (fl. 1581-1612), through Roger Anderson of Jesmond, to Sir Francis Anderson (1614-79), kt., who was MP for Newcastle after the Restoration.  There appears not to be a simple connection between the two branches, and in neither does the forename Robert appear: yet it was a Robert Anderson who built Greyfriars House in Newcastle out of the monastic ruins in 1580 and the property undoubtedly descended to Sir Francis Anderson (d. 1679), who sold it in 1675 to Sir William Blackett.  If any reader knows more, and can untangle these relationships, I should be very pleased to hear from them, and to expand this account.

In 1782 Greyfriars House was sold to a self-made bricklayer and builder called George Anderson (d. 1798), who may have claimed or assumed some relationship with the earlier prominent citizens of that name. He appears to have divided the house into three dwellings and to have shared it with other members of his family. After he died in 1798 the house passed to his son, Maj. George Anderson (1760-1831), who retired from the army shortly afterwards, married, and altered the house in 1801. By 1821 he apparently aspired to something more modern, and employed the leading Newcastle architect, John Dobson, to build him a Gothic house on the coast of Co. Durham at Hawthorn.  When he died in 1831, his real estate was left to his first cousin once removed, Thomas Anderson (d. 1872), who had apparently been brought up in another part of Anderson Place. Hawthorn Cottage was included, but subject to a life interest held by George's widow.

Within a few years, Thomas Anderson had sold all his inherited property. Anderson Place was sold in 1833 or 1834 to Richard Grainger and provided much of the land for the latter's ambitious rebuilding of Newcastle as a classical city. Hawthorn Cottage was sold in 1836 to his kinsman, Richard Pemberton, subject to Lucy Anderson's life interest, which she continued to enjoy until the mid 1850s, when she retired to York.  Anderson Place is said to have brought Thomas a capital of £50,000, a vast sum for the time, and he invested this in the purchase of the Littleharle Tower estate in Northumberland and, a few years later, the adjoining Kirkharle estate.  These properties have remained with his descendants to the present day. Thomas made Littleharle the principal seat of the estate and demolished most of Kirkharle Hall* leaving only one wing, which became a farmhouse.  By way of compensation to posterity for this vandalism, he designed and built major extensions to Littleharle Tower, which were carried out in 1860-61.
* An account of Kirkharle Hall is reserved for a future post on the Loraine family.

When Thomas died in 1872 the Littleharle estate passed to his son, George Anderson (1843-1927), who was trained as a barrister but did not practice. He in turn was succeeded by his son, Maj. George Denis Anderson (1885-1971), who was also trained as a barrister and became Chairman of the Northumberland bench, 1955-60. His only child was a daughter, Elizabeth Mary Anderson (b. 1927), who married Capt. Philip Claud Palmer (1918-77) and produced three sons and two daughters. The eldest son, John Philip Palmer, changed his name to Anderson in 1973 and is the present owner of the conjoined Littleharle and Kirkharle estates. 

Kirkharle Hall: Capability Brown's landscaping plan from the 1730s.

Kirkharle was the boyhood home of the 18th century landscape gardener, Lancelot 'Capability' Brown, and was the estate on which he was first employed as a gardener.  In 1980, Mr. Anderson chanced upon an unexecuted design by Brown for creating a lake at Kirkharle amongst the family papers, and with the support of Northumberland Council he realised Brown's design in 2010-11.

Greyfriars House (later Anderson Place), Newcastle-on-Tyne


Anderson Place, Newcastle, as engraved by Knyff in 1733. Image: Government Art Collection.

In 1580 Robert Anderson, a wealthy Newcastle merchant, built a fine house out of the offices, and nearly on the site of, the former Greyfriars building. It is shown on Speed’s map of the town in 1610 as the “Newe House”, and occupied a 13-acre site within the city wall. Gray in his Chorographia describes it as a “princely house built out of the ruins of the friars”. Three years earlier in 1646 King Charles I had been kept prisoner there by the Scots. Later engravings show a two-storey house with five gables, on a shallow E-plan. There were square bays under the end gables and a two-storey porch, all topped with balustrades.

Detail of an uncoloured copy of the Kynff engraving, showing the three-storey wings added to the original house.
Image: Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums

In 1675 Sir Francis Anderson sold New Place to Sir William Blackett of Matfen who added two large wings of brick, with sash windows, one of the earliest astylar Classical buildings in the north-east. The mansion later came into the possession of Sir Walter Blackett, of another branch of the family. He was one of the most important merchants in Newcastle during the 18th century and died in 1777. In 1736 the house was described as “surrounded with a vast quantity of ground: that part of it which faces the street is thrown in walks and grass-plots, beautified with images, and beset with trees, which afford a very pleasing shade; the other part of the ground on the west side of it is all a garden, exceedingly neat and curious, adorned with many and the most beautiful statues, and several other curiosities”.

Greyfriars House from an aquatint of 1790. Image: British Library, K.top XXXII.



Sir Walter’s successor, Sir Thomas Blackett offered the house and grounds to the Newcastle corporation, who declined because they lacked the necessary finance. But in 1782 it was purchased by George Anderson, a wealthy Newcastle builder whose family had no connection with the original builder. He was the son of a tailor at Benwell and was apprenticed to a bricklayer in 1715. By thrift and hard work he had amassed a fortune, but the house was too large for him, so he converted it into three dwellings. In 1801 his son, Major Anderson, came to live in the house. He changed the name from New Place to Anderson Place, and replaced the wooden gates which had prevented passers-by seeing the house with wrought iron ones; other changes included removing the main staircase, which was intended to be re-erected at Brinkburn Priory (Northbld) but remained stored there in sections until rediscovered in 2001. In 1827 the house was said to contain a number of curious and well-painted ceilings. In 1834 it was sold to Richard Grainger for £50,000 and it was demolished the following year as a key part of his plan to rebuild the city. The Andersons moved to Little Harle Tower, taking one fireplace with them from the old house.

Descent: Robert Anderson...Sir Francis Anderson (d. 1679), kt., who sold 1675 to Sir William Blackett (1657-1705), 1st bt.; to son, Sir William Blackett (1690-1728), 2nd bt.; to cousin, Sir Walter Calverley (later Blackett) (1707-77), 2nd bt.; to kinsman, Sir Thomas Blackett, who sold 1782 to George Anderson; to son, Thomas Anderson (d. 1821); to son, Thomas Anderson (d. 1872), who sold 1834 to Richard Grainger.



Hawthorn Towers (formerly Hawthorn Hive Cottage), Co. Durham


Hawthorn Towers, from an old postcard.

Hawthorn Dene is a narrow ravine running down to the sea between Easington and Seaham, and belonged in the 18th century to the Milbanke family of Seaham and Halnaby (Yorks). At the mouth of the Dene, Admiral Milbanke (d. 1805) built a summer house called Sailor's Hall in 1787, which was ruinous by 1816. Maj. George Anderson acquired the site and in 1821 built a substantial Gothic mansion to the designs of John Dobson of Newcastle.  The new house was originally called Hawthorn Hive Cottage and later Hawthorn Dene House or Hawthorn Tower. It was a convincing composition of towers, gables, Gothic windows, and an oriel, and was originally rendered, although the render was later removed.  After Anderson's widow died in the 1850s the house was sold to the Pembertons, who enlarged it. The house was mainly let after 1910 and sold in 1949. It then changed hands several times fairly quickly and slid into dereliction, helped on by the attention of vandals. It was demolished in 1969 after a man was killed when part of the house collapsed.


Hawthorn Towers in the early 20th century.

The estate also included a simple castellated folly tower, Kilney Hill Tower, which was inhabited in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It later became ruinous and partially collapsed, but has recently been restored as holiday accommodation.

Descent: built 1821 for Maj. George Anderson (c.1760-1831); to widow, Lucy Anne Anderson (d. 1865) for live with remainder to Thomas Anderson (d. 1872), who sold it subject to the life interest to Richard Pemberton (1782-1843); to son, Richard Lawrence Pemberton (1831-1901); to son, John Stapylton Grey Pemberton (d. 1940); to son, Richard Laurence Stapylton Pemberton (d. 1963), who sold 1949.



Little Harle Tower, Northumberland


The garden front of Little Harle Tower from an old postcard, showing the Victorian range which has been partly demolished.

The development of the house is best appreciated on the garden side. The earliest part of the house is the three storey medieval tower at the left hand end, which has a vaulted ground floor room that would originally have been entered by the blocked arched door. Adjoining this tower to the right is a five bay two-storey range which now looks early 18th century, but which is at least partly medieval and contains a stone newel stair. The sash windows in this part of the house still have their thick early 18th century glazing bars. To the right of this again is the part of the house designed and built by Thomas Anderson for himself in 1861-62, but which again has earlier origins: it contains a mid 18th century staircase and one rather splendid room with a plaster ceiling of c.1745 in the style of the Italian plasterers who worked at Wallington nearby. Externally, however, this wing is Victorian in appearance, and has a large two-storey canted bay window with cinquefoil windows on the first floor and panels of blank tracery above. The entrance front is entirely of 1861-62, including the large Gothic porte-cochere, and was truncated in about 1980 when part of the Victorian additions was taken down.

Anderson family of Anderson Place and Little Harle Tower


Anderson, George (d. 1798). Reputedly the son of a tailor from Benwell, born about 1705, and apprenticed to a bricklayer in 1715, although these dates seem improbably early; he became a prominent and wealthy Newcastle builder.  He married and had issue including:
(1) Major George Anderson (1760-1831) (q.v.).

In 1782 he purchased Greyfriars House alias New Place alias The Nuns and divided it into three dwellings, which may have been occupied by relatives.
He died about August 1798; his will (in which he described himself as an architect) was proved at Durham, 8 September 1798.

Anderson, Maj. George (1760-1831) of Anderson Place. Son of George Anderson (fl. 1782), baptised 20 November 1760 at St John, Newcastle. Served in the 34th Infantry Regiment (Major, 1797; retired, 1800); JP and DL for Northumberland. Visited Iceland in 1807. He married, 15 June 1801, Lucy Anne, daughter of Stephen Croft of Stillington Hall (Yorks), but had no issue.
He inherited Greyfriars House from his father, renamed it Anderson Place, and made alterations to it in 1801. In 1821 he built Hawthorn Hive Cottage (later Hawthorn Towers) in Co. Durham. At his death Anderson Place passed to his first cousin once removed, Thomas Anderson (d. 1872) and Hawthorn Cottage to his widow, who sold it before her death.
He was buried at St. Nicholas, Newcastle, 10 September 1831; his will was proved at Durham, 19 September 1831 (estate value £5,000) and in PCC, 3 November 1831, and by it he left bequests for building spires at the churches of St Andrew and St John, Newcastle and money for a large bell at St. Nicholas. His widow died in York, 27 November 1865; her will was proved 28 December 1865 (estate under £5,000).

Anderson, Thomas (c.1808-72) of Littleharle Tower. Son of Thomas Anderson (d. 1821), apparently of Anderson Place, who was the first cousin of Maj. George Anderson, and his wife Ann Bell, born c.1810.  JP and DL for Northumberland; High Sheriff of Northumberland, 1843. He married, 20 April 1841, Emily (d. 1877), daughter of Rev. John Fisher of Wavendon (Bucks) and had issue:
(1) Emily Anderson (1842-58), baptised Apr-June 1842;
(2) George Anderson (1843-1927) (q.v.);
(3) Mary Anderson (c.1844-1916), baptised 14 March 1846; died unmarried, 5 May 1916;
(4) Eleanor Anderson (c.1846-1925), baptised 14 March 1846; lived in London; died unmarried, 1 October 1925; will proved 7 December 1925 (estate £8,530)
(5) John Anderson (c.1847-1930), baptised 13 January 1848; lived in London; died unmarried and without issue, 19 April 1930; administration of goods granted 11 June 1930 (estate £571);
(6) Mabel Anderson (1849-1915), born Apr-June 1849; lived in London; died unmarried, 19 May 1915; will proved 21 June 1915 (estate £1,268).
He inherited Anderson Place from his kinsman, Maj. George Anderson, in 1831, but sold it in 1834 to Richard Grainger for redevelopment. To replace it he purchased Littleharle Tower and Kirkharle Hall in 1836. He enlarged Littleharle Tower in 1860-61 and demolished most of Kirkharle Hall.
He died 28 October 1872; his will was proved 16 January 1873 (estate under £50,000). His widow died 20 December 1877; her will was proved 14 February 1878 (estate under £4,000).

Anderson, George (1843-1927) of Littleharle Tower. Elder son of Thomas Anderson (c.1810-72) and his wife Emily, daughter of Rev. John Fisher of Wavendon (Bucks), born 16 August 1843. Educated at Eton; Christchurch, Oxford (matriculated 1863; BA 1868; MA 1869); and Inner Temple (called to the bar, 1872); barrister-at-law; JP and DL for Northumberland; High Sheriff of Northumberland, 1886. He married, 2 February 1885, Alice Mildred (1858-1927), daughter of Cadogan Hodgson Cadogan of Brinkburn Priory (Northbld) and had issue:
(1) Maj. George Denis Anderson (1885-1971) (q.v.);
(2) Katherine Florence Anderson (1887-1975), born 31 January 1887; lived at Orchard Farm, Maybole (Ayrshire); died Jul-Sept 1975;
(3) Lt-Col. Francis Anderson (1888-1925), born 15 March 1888; served in WW1 with the Black Watch (mentioned in despatches; awarded DSO, MC and Order of the Crown of Italy); married, 15 April 1916, Vera Maud, only daughter of Frederick Vere Allfrey and had issue one son and one daughter; died 17 May 1925;
(4) Capt. John Frederick Anderson (1889-1915), born 7 May 1889; served in WW1 with 2nd Battn, Highland Light Infantry and died unmarried on active service in France, 14 July 1915;
(5) Mary Eleanor Anderson (b. 1890; fl. 1969), born Jul-Sept 1890; lived at Orchard Farm, Maybole (Ayrshire);
(6) Maj. Philip Anderson (1893-1968), born 19 July 1893; served in WW1 with Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders; married, 18 June 1928, Margaret Elsie, daughter of Somerset Edward Molyneux Butler of Bishops Lydeard (Somerset) and had issue one son; died as a result of a motor accident, 4 February 1968.
He inherited Littleharle Tower and Kirkharle Hall from his father in 1872.
He died 21 May 1927; his will was proved 25 July 1927 (estate £142,857). His widow died 11 December 1927; her will was proved 16 February 1928 (estate £1,210).

Anderson, Maj. George Denis (1885-1971) of Littleharle Tower. Eldest son of George Anderson (1843-1927) of Littleharle Tower and his wife Alice Mildred, daughter of Cadogan Hodgson Cadogan of Brinkburn Priory, born 15 November 1885. Educated at Eton; Christchurch, Oxford (BA 1908; MA 1963) and Inner Temple (called to the bar, 1912). Barrister-at-law; JP for Northumberland; Deputy Chairman of Quarter Sessions, 1939-55 and Chairman, 1955-60; High Sheriff of Northumberland, 1935. Served with Royal Field Artillery in WW1 and in Egypt, 1918-21. He married, 14 June 1926, Mary Pamela MBE (d. 1968), daughter of Francis Myddelton Evans of Llynbaried (Radnors) and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Mary Anderson (b. 1927) (q.v.).
He inherited Littleharle Tower and Kirkharle Hall from his father in 1927.
He died 13 October 1971. His wife died in 1968.

Anderson (later Palmer), Elizabeth Mary (b. 1927) of Kirkharle Hall. Only child of Maj. George Denis Anderson (1885-1971) of Littleharle Tower, and his wife Mary Pamela, daughter of Francis Myddelton Evans of Llynbaried (Radnors), born 19 July 1927. She married, 14 June 1947, Capt. Philip Claud Palmer MC (1918-77), son of Claud Harold Palmer of Claybury Manor, Bushey (Herts) and had issue:
(1) John Philip Palmer (later Anderson) (b. 1948) (q.v.);
(2) Carolyn Lisette Palmer (b. 1951), born 6 June 1951;
(3) David George Palmer (b. 1953), born 27 August 1953;
(4) Vanessa Michele Palmer (b. 1955), born 18 February 1955;
(5) Geoffrey Michael Palmer (b. 1956), born 10 October 1956.
She inherited Littleharle Tower and Kirkharle Hall from her father in 1971.
Now living?

Palmer (later Anderson), John Philip (b. 1948), of Littleharle Tower. Eldest son of Capt. Philip Claud Palmer and his wife Elizabeth Mary, daughter of Maj. George Denis Anderson of Littleharle Tower, born 24 June 1948. He changed his name to Anderson by deed poll in 1973, and received royal licence to bear the Anderson arms the following year. High Sheriff of Northumberland, 2001. He married, 1976, Katharine Jean, daughter of Dr. E.A. Spriggs of River House, Wylam (Northbld), and had issue including:
(1) Thomas Philip Anderson (b. 1978);
(2) Katharine Mary Anderson (b. 1980);
(3) Juliet Helen Anderson (b. 1984);
(4) George Edmund Philip Anderson (b. 1988).
He received the Littleharle Tower and Kirkharle Hall estate from his mother, and was responsible for carrying into effect Capability Brown's unexecuted plans for the landscaping of Kirkharle Hall to mark the tricentenary of Brown's birth.
Now living.


Sources


Burke's Landed Gentry, 1969, p.10; Sir N. Pevsner, I. Richmond et al., The buildings of England: Northumberland, 2nd edn., 1992, p.378; P. Meadows & E. Waterson, Lost houses of County Durham, 1993, p. 58; T. Faulkner & P. Lowery, Lost houses of Newcastle and Northumberland, 1996, p. 8.


Location of archives


Family papers are presumed to remain in family custody. In 2013 it was noted that Capability Brown's plan for Kirkharle had gone on permanent display at Newcastle University.


Coat of arms


Anderson of Little Harle Tower: Gules, three martlets fesseways or, between as many oak trees eradicated argent.

Wednesday, 16 July 2014

(129) Anderson of Jesmond House

The city of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and its hinterland have been home to a number of prominent families by the name of Anderson between the 16th and 20th centuries. Almost certainly, they are related in some way, but previous antiquarian writers have failed to demonstrate the connections between them, and so have I; if any reader knows more, please get in touch!

Anderson of Jesmond
The Andersons of Jesmond descend from Thomas Anderson (1679-1744), who settled at North Shields and was probably involved in the Russia trade like the succeeding generations of his family. His son, Thomas Anderson (1710-83) was a Russia merchant and in the next generation the second son, Matthew Anderson (1754-1834) was despatched to St Petersburg to manage the Russian end of the business, and married within the ex-patriot community in that city. The English end of the business passed to John Anderson (1757-1829), who in 1809 purchased Jesmond House from the Coulson family.  Jesmond House was a fairly modest Georgian building which as the map below shows was one of a number of gentry houses set either side of a narrow lane at right-angles to the river in Jesmond.  In 1823 Anderson and his neighbours secured compensation for subsidence caused by coal mining activity in the area, and this may have permitted a remodelling of the house, which by 1827 had been "much adorned and beautified".

John Anderson was succeeded by his son Thomas (1789-1872), who seems to have moved the headquarters of the family business to London, where he had a house in Clapham in the 1830s. It is not clear how much use the family made of Jesmond House thereafter, and it may have been let, but the family retained ownership until the 1870s. Thomas Anderson and his youngest son, Charles King Anderson (1836-76) retired from the family business in 1867 leaving his eldest son, John Soulsby Anderson (1828-1916) to carry on alone. J.S. Anderson seems to have diversified the business: he was already a partner in the Consolidated Bank and Anderson & Sons were operating as commission agents as well as Russia merchants in the 1870s.  Exactly what happened next is a little unclear: in 1875 Anderson was accused of involvement in a fraud case and in the Victorian business world where reputation counted for so much he was ruined, although he seems never to have been convicted. Later that year he was bankrupted and his assets, including a house at Sydenham in Kent and Jesmond House were sold to meet his debts. In 1878 he was discharged from bankruptcy and returned to business, but without capital or reputation he was obliged to find employment as a book-keeper, and when he died in 1916 his estate was worth only £169.  At least two of his sons sought new lives in the colonies, and the connection of this family of Andersons with the Newcastle area died with him.

Jesmond House (alias Jesmond Manor House), Northumberland
Jesmond House from the 1st edition Ordnance Survey 6" map of 1864.

Jesmond House lay just north of where the present Manor House Road joins Grosvenor Road, and was built by William Coulson in 1720 on the site of Nicholas Grenville's 12th century manor house. In 1809 it was purchased by John Anderson (1757-1829) who was said in 1827 to have "much adorned and beautified it"; perhaps after he was awarded compensation for subsidence in 1823. By the time it was recorded in the early 20th century, the house consisted of a four bay two-storey centre with dormers in the roof, and possibly later two-bay wings to either side.


Jesmond House. Image: Newcastle City Libraries

The house became a nursing home in the early 20th century and was demolished in 1929. Its splendid iron gates were re-erected in 1996 as a feature of the Byker Wall housing development. Four gate piers arranged in a semi circle survive at the end of the lane north of Grosvenor Road, which leads to St. Mary's Well.  

Descent: William Coulson (fl. 1720)... sold 1809 to John Anderson (1757-1829); to son, Thomas Anderson (1789-1872), who let it c.1868-71 to William Adamson; to son, John Soulsby Anderson (b. 1828), who sold c.1887 to Col. Coulson; sold to James Laing; sold to Sir Herbert Babington Rowell.

Anderson family of Jesmond House

Anderson, Thomas (1710-83) of North Shields. Son of Thomas Anderson (1679-1744) of North Shields and his wife Jane, daughter of John Aisley of Wolsingham (Durham), born 6 June 1710. He married, 1736 at Tynemouth, Eleanor Soulsby (1716-87) of Newcastle, and had issue:
(1) Thomas Anderson (d. 1789); died unmarried;
(2) Matthew Anderson (1754-1834), merchant at St. Petersburg (Russia); married and had issue three sons and one daughter;
(3) John Anderson (1757-1829) (q.v.);
(4) A daughter;
(5) A daughter.
He died 15 June 1783. His widow died 17 November 1787.

Anderson, John (1757-1829) of Jesmond House. Third son of Thomas Anderson (1710-83) and his wife Eleanor Soulsby, born 1 November 1757. He married Hannah (1763-1847), daughter of James King of Newcastle, and had issue:
(1) Thomas Anderson (1789-1872) (q.v.);
(2) Anne Anderson (b. 1790); baptised 1790;
(3) Matthew Anderson (1792-1881) of Jesmond Cottage, baptised 16 May 1792; JP for Newcastle; died unmarried, 14 January 1881; will proved 19 February 1881 (estate under £800);
(4) Mary Anderson (b. 1794), born 14 July and baptised 2 October 1794;
(5) James Crosby Anderson (1795-1837) of Little Benton, born 12 September 1795 and baptised 21 January 1796; married, 1 August 1822, Alice (1802-58) (who m2, Henry Player, and had further issue), daughter of William Losh of Point Pleasant, Wallsend (Northbld) and had issue three sons and two daughters; died 1837;
(6) John Anderson (1797-1857) of Coxlodge Hall (Northbld), born 22 December 1797 and baptised 26 April 1798; JP for Newcastle; sheriff of Newcastle, 1820; married, 11 October 1827, Dorothy Diana (b. 1809), daughter of Charles Dalston Purvis and sister of Thomas Purvis QC, and had issue one son and six daughters; died 1857;
(7) Eleanor Anderson (b. 1799).
He purchased Jesmond House in 1809.
He died 6 May 1829. His widow died 9 February 1847.

Anderson, Thomas (1789-1872) of Jesmond House. Eldest son of John Anderson (1757-1829) of Jesmond House and his wife Hannah, daughter of James King of Newcastle, born 21 September 1789. Russia merchant (retired 1867). He married, 1827, Isabella (1807-85), daughter of Robert Simpson MD of St. Petersburg (Russia), and had issue:
(1) John Soulsby Anderson (1828-1916) (q.v.);
(2) Robert Gerard Anderson (1830-89), born 9 June 1830; married, July 1858, Fanny Anne Hay (1833-1922) and had issue; died in Bath, 20 April 1889;
(3) Thomas Goldsborough Anderson (1833-1903), baptised 4 July 1833; wine merchant at Newcastle; married, 5 January 1859 at Upperby (Cumbld), Cecilia Hitchinson and had issue ten children; emigrated to New Zealand, c.1890 and died there, 1903;
(4) Charles King Anderson (1836-76), born 24 August and baptised 27 October 1836; partner with father and eldest brother in family firm (retired 1867); married 1st, 1860, Caroline Green (c.1838-65), and 2nd, 6 September 1866, Anne Gertrude Markham (1842-1930), and had issue; died 16 January 1876; will proved 18 February 1876 (estate under £5,000).
He inherited Jesmond House from his father in 1829. He also had a house in London.
He died 28 May 1872 in Brighton (Sussex). His widow died in 1885.

Anderson, John Soulsby (1828-1916), of Jesmond House. Eldest son of Thomas Anderson (1789-1872) of Jesmond House and his wife Isabella, daughter of Robert Simpson MD of St. Petersburg (Russia), born 22 June and baptised at Holy Trinity, Clapham (Surrey), 4 September 1828. Partner in Consolidated Bank, 1864, and trading as a Russian merchant and commission agent as John Anderson & Sons from 1867; bankrupted 1875 (discharged 1878). He married, December 1858, Emma Jane (k/a Emily) (1837-1919), daughter of Thomas Tallemach, and had issue:
(1) Isabella (k/a Belle) Anderson (1859-1938), born 4 October 1859 and baptised 4 January 1860; married, 21 November 1883, Henry Kearns Hamilton Field (1861-1922) and had issue two sons and one daughter; died 9 May 1938; will proved 10 June 1938 (estate £13,846);
(2) John Tallemach Anderson (1861-1937), born 23 February and baptised 3 July 1861; emigrated to South Africa; married and had issue; died in 1937;
(3) Vincent Moberley Anderson (1862-1935), born 29 July and baptised 3 September 1862; died unmarried, 23 June 1935; will proved 11 September 1935 (estate £10,132);
(4) Frederick B. Anderson (b. c.1865); living in 1881;
(5) Henry Knight Maime Anderson (b. 1866), baptised 16 December 1866; married, 31 May 1901, at Christ Church, Enmore (Australia), Jane Finlay;
(6) Hugh Soulsby Anderson (b. 1870); born 17 November 1870 and baptised 6 January 1871;
(7) Ethel Tallemach Anderson (b. c.1873-1919), baptised 14 September 1873; died unmarried, 16 February 1919; will proved 8 May 1919 (estate £245).
He inherited Jesmond House from his father in 1872, but sold it following his bankruptcy in 1875 to Col. Coulson.
He died 4 April 1916, aged 87; his will was proved 20 June 1916 (estate £169). His widow died 13 March 1919; her will was proved 13 May 1919 (estate £2,513).

Sources
Burke's Landed Gentry, 1850, i, pp. 16-17; E. Mackenzie, Descriptive and Historical Account of the Town & County of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1827, p.193; T. Faulkner & P. Lowery, 1996, Lost Houses of Newcastle and Northumberland, p 23;

Location of archives
No significant archive is known to survive.

Coat of arms
Gules, three oak trees argent

Sunday, 6 July 2014

(128) Anderson of Grace Dieu

Maj. Alexander Anderson, who came from a minor gentry family in Banffshire and served in Sir John Hill's regiment under King William III in Ireland, acquired a small estate called Grace Dieu north-west of the city of Waterford. Dying unmarried and without issue, he left this estate to his nephew and namesake, Alexander Anderson (b. 1688), a younger son of his brother John, who had remained in Scotland. The younger Alexander evidently came to Ireland and took up his inheritance, and the family were thereafter settled in the Waterford area down to the late 20th century.  Remarkably little is known about Alexander's life or that of his son and heir, James Anderson (fl. mid 18th cent.), but with the latter's children the family become more visible in the historical record.  James was succeeded by his son, James Anderson (c.1765-1838), who died unmarried and left the estate to his nephew, James Anderson (1810-67), a noted breeder of shorthorn cattle. He married a Carew from Ballinamona Park and built a new house, which he confusing also called Grace Dieu, south of Waterford, on land which he probably acquired from his wife's family. Although when first built this was quite a modest three bay house, it was greatly enlarged by James' son, Thomas William Anderson (1852-1925), in 1894. Thomas left only a daughter, Susan Alice Anderson (1881-1941), who was unmarried and without children. On her death, therefore, Grace Dieu passed to her third cousin, Col. Charles Bevan Carew Anderson (1894-1979), who seems to have lived at Grace Dieu. After his death, however, the house was sold by his three children and became a retreat centre of the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart, who added a large and very unlovely new accommodation block at right-angles to the original building. The retreat centre closed in 2011 and the future of the house is currently uncertain.

Grace Dieu, Waterford
The Anderson family has had two houses near Waterford City, to both of which the name Grace Dieu or Gracedieu has been applied.  
Grace Dieu I from the 1890s
Ordnance Survey 25" map
The first Grace Dieu stood north-west of the city, in a loop of the River Suir, and was apparently little more than a farmhouse, with a single gentrified front approach by a drive, but with farm buildings immediately adjoining the house to the south. The family appear to have leased it out after the second Grace Dieu was built and it declined into a simple farm; aerial photography suggests that it is still standing, but derelict.



Grace Dieu II: the house as it is today


Grace Dieu II: the rear elevation
The second Grace Dieu was apparently built for James Anderson (1810-67) after he inherited the estate from his uncle in 1838. The new house stood in a completely different location, south of Waterford City and very close to the line of the modern ring road.
Grace Dieu II in the 1890s
As first built it was a two-storey three-bay villa with wide eaves and an Ionic porch; the garden front had four bays.  The original house is still visible, but later 19th century additions, built by A.E. Murray in 1894 for Thomas William Anderson, expanded it into an irregular Italianate mansion.  The front is now composed of two two-storey blocks, that to the right being set further forward. The left hand (original) block has a balustraded and pilastered porch; the right-hand block a single-storey curved bow with a balustraded top. A single-storey glazed extension at one time connected the porch to the right-hand block, and a pedimented orangery extended the house to the left: these were removed in the 1980s when the house was acquired by the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart as a retreat centre and a large and ugly new accommodation and chapel block was built at right-angles to the house. The retreat centre closed in 2011 and the future of the building is uncertain.


Descent: Maj. Alexander Anderson; to nephew, Alexander Anderson (b. 1688); to son, James Anderson (fl. mid 18th cent.); to son, James Anderson (c.1765-1838); to nephew, James Anderson (1810-67), who built the new house; to son, Thomas William Anderson (1852-1925); to daughter, Susan Alice Anderson (1881-1941); to kinsman, Col. Charles Bevan Carew Anderson (1894-1979); sold after his death to Missionaries of the Sacred Heart; sold 2012.

The Anderson family of Grace Dieu

Anderson, James (fl. mid 17th cent.). Son of John Anderson of Ardbrake (Banffshire) and his wife Ann Gordon, probably born about 1620.  He married 1st, Katherine (d. 1667), daughter of Robert Leslie of Findrassie and 2nd, 1667, Isabell, daughter of Dr. Andrew Douglas, provost of Banff, and widow of Rev. Alexander Cant, and had issue:
(1.1) Patrick Anderson (b. c.1644); 
(1.1) John Anderson (b. 1647) (q.v.);
(1.3) Elizabeth Anderson (b. c.1650); married, 16 October 1675, John Gordon (d. 1701) of Carroll (Sutherland) and had issue;
(1.2) Maj. Alexander Anderson (b. c.1653); served in Sir John Hill's Regiment of Foot; acquired the original Grace Dieu estate at Waterford; died unmarried and without issue;
(1.4) Anna Anderson (b. c.1656); married, 5 August 1684, Robert Gibson of Linkwood;
(1.5) Mary Anderson (b. c.1657); married Thomas Baker of Ballytobin (Kilkenny).
He lived at Wester Ardbrake alias Westerton in Banffshire.
His date of death is unknown. His first wife died 9 March 1667.

Anderson, John (b. 1647). Elder son of James Anderson (fl. mid 17th cent.) and his first wife, Katherine, daughter of Robert Leslie of Findrassie, baptised at Boharm (Banffs), 1 August 1647. He married, 1 January 1683 at New Machar, Aberdeen, Jean, daughter of Robert Gordon of Pitlurg, and had issue:
(1) James Anderson (b. 1684), baptised at Botriphnie, 26 March 1684; surgeon;
(2) Katherine Anderson (b. 1685), baptised at Botriphnie, 19 May 1685;
(3) John Anderson (b. 1686), baptised at Botriphnie, 30 September 1686;
(4) Alexander Anderson (b. 1688) (q.v.);
(5) Jean Anderson (b. 1689), baptised at Botriphnie, 11 September 1689;
(6) Isabell Anderson (b. 1690), baptised at Botriphnie, 13 October 1690;
(7) Elizabeth Anderson (b. 1692), baptised at Botriphnie, 24 March 1692;
(8) Anna Anderson (b. 1693), baptised at Botriphnie, 29 June 1693.
He inherited Westerton (Banffs) from his father.
His date of death is unknown.

Anderson, Alexander (b. 1688) of Grace Dieu.  Third son of John Anderson (b. 1647) of Westerton (Banffs) and his wife Jean Gordon, baptised at Botriphnie, 4 July 1688. He married 1st [name unknown] and 2nd, 2 February 1721, Jane (d. 1754), daughter and heiress of William Brewster and granddaughter of Sir Francis Brewster, Lord Mayor of Dublin, and had issue:
(1.1) Jane Anderson (b. 1715); married, 1733, Robert Carew (1710-61) of Woodinstown (Tipperary), eldest son of Lynn Carew, and had issue three sons and three daughters; 
(2.1) James Anderson (fl. mid 18th cent.) (q.v.);
(2.2) A daughter.
He inherited Grace Dieu from his uncle, Maj. Alexander Anderson.
His date of death is unknown.

Anderson, James (fl. mid 18th cent.) of Grace Dieu. Only son of Alexander Anderson (b. 1688) of Grace Dieu, and his second wife, Jane, daughter of William Brewster. He married 1st, 1756, Henrietta Boyd (d. 1762), and 2nd, 27 December 1764, Susanna, youngest daughter of Christmas Paul MP of Paulville (Carlow) and sister of Sir John Paul, 1st bt., and had issue:
(2.1) James Anderson (c.1765-1838) of Grace Dieu; died unmarried and without issue in London, 1838; will proved 26 July 1838;
(2.2) Gen. Paul Anderson (1767-1851) CB*, born 29 March 1767; served in the Army (entered the army 1788; served in Corsica and the West Indies; was aide-de-camp to Sir John Moore at Corunna; wounded in the Egyptian campaign under Sir Ralph Abercromby; served in the Mediterranean, the West Indies, the Peninsula and Walcheren; Deputy Adjutant-General of the forces at Malta; Lt-Governor of Gravesend & Tilbury, 1827; Governor of Pendennis Castle (Cornwall) and Col. of 78th Highlanders, 1837-51); died unmarried and without issue at Bath, 1851;
(2.3) Capt. Alexander Anderson (d. 1833); served in the 95th regiment; died unmarried and without issue at Bath, 1833;
(2.4) Henry Anderson; served in the Royal Navy (Lieutenant, 1794); died unmarried and without issue;
(2.5) Rev. Joshua Anderson (1770-1859) (q.v.);
(2.6) Robert Anderson (d. 1801); served in 42nd Regiment and was killed at the Battle of Alexandria, 21 March 1801; was unmarried and without issue;
(2.7) Ellen Anderson (c.1776-1860); died unmarried and without issue in Bath, 30 September 1860; will proved 15 December 1860 (estate under £25,000).
He inherited Grace Dieu from his father.  At his death it passed in turn to his eldest son (d. 1838) and then to his grandson, James Anderson (1810-67), the son of Rev. Joshua Anderson.
His date of death is unknown.
*Some sources record General Anderson as Sir Paul Anderson, KCH, but newspaper obituaries at the time of his death make no reference to such an honour.

Anderson, Rev. Joshua (1770-1859). Fifth son of James Anderson (fl. mid 18th cent.) and his second wife, Susanna, youngest daughter of Christmas Paul MP of Paulville (Carlow), born 8 December 1770. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin (admitted, 1790; MA); rector of Corclone and Killany (Leix) to 1834 and later of Myshall (Carlow), 1834-59.  He married, 1 October 1807, Anne (1785-1854), eldest daughter of Capt. William Perceval of Temple House, Ballymote (Sligo) and had issue:
(1) James Anderson (1810-67) (q.v.);
(2) William Anderson (1812-1904), born August 1812; married, 24 August 1859, Elizabeth Paul (d. 1910), daughter of Samuel Wallis Adams of Kilbree (Cork) and had issue two sons and one daughter; died 20 November 1904;
(3) Robert Carew Anderson (1815-85) (q.v.);
(4) Paul Christmas Anderson (1817-1907) of Prospect (Kilkenny); died unmarried and without issue, 24 February 1907;
(5) Alexander Anderson (c.1818-1854); served in Royal Navy (entered navy 1832; Lieutenant, 1838); commanded HMS Cressy but died unmarried on board, August 1854 and was buried on island of Nargen in Baltic;
(6) Anne Anderson (c.1820-84); married, 4 February 1845, Charles Newport Bolton (1816-84) of Mount Bolton (Waterford), a talented amateur artist, and had issue two sons and one daughter; died September 1884;
(7) Jane Ellen Anderson (c.1822-1906) of Prospect (Kilkenny); died unmarried, 14 March 1906;
(8) Catherine Anderson (c.1826-55); died unmarried, 18 February 1855;
(9) Ellen Anderson (c.1827-1902); married, 13 December 1859, George Bevan Russell MD of Fermoy (Cork) and had issue a daughter; died 9 February 1902;
(10) Henrietta Anderson (c.1828-1927) of Prospect (Kilkenny); died unmarried, 22 January 1927, aged 99;
(11) Susanna Anderson (d. 1911) of Prospect (Kilkenny); died unmarried, 14 September 1911; will proved in Kilkenny, 1911 (estate in England £2,948).
He died 6 April 1859 and a grant of administration of his goods was made at Dublin, 12 May 1859. His wife died 24 March 1854.

Anderson, James (1810-67) of Grace Dieu. Eldest son of Rev. Joshua Anderson (1770-1859) and his wife Anne, daughter of Capt. William Perceval of Temple House, Ballymote (Sligo), born 4 August 1810. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin. JP for Co. Waterford. A noted breeder of shorthorn cattle; he won first prize at the Waterford Show in 1863. He married, 25 April 1842, Margaret (c.1818-64), youngest daughter of Thomas Carew of Ballinamona Park (Waterford) and had issue:
(1) Jane Margaret Anderson (1844-1936); married, 15 December 1868, Lt-Col. Michael Clare Garsia CB (1838-1903), Inspector-General of Military Prisons, son of Dr. Aaron Garsia, and had issue three sons; died 9 October 1936 aged 93; will proved 22 December 1936 (estate £261);
(2) James Paul Anderson (1850-60), born 21 January 1850; died young of scarletina, 26 September 1860;
(3) Thomas William Anderson (1852-1925) (q.v.);
(4) Alexander Carew Anderson (1856-1918) of Ballymountain (Kilkenny), born 6 May 1856; JP for Kilkenny; married, 24 August 1880, Margaret Winifred Alicia (c.1855-1920), daughter of Nicholas Power of Belle Vue (Kilkenny) and had issue one son and one daughter; died 5 April 1918; will proved 7 October 1918 (estate in England £5,408).
He inherited Grace Dieu from his uncle in 1838 and built a new house with the same name in a completely different place.
He died of anthrax, 22 October 1867; his will was proved 30 March 1868 (estate under £25,000). His wife died 29 February 1864.

Anderson, Thomas William (1852-1925) of Grace Dieu. Elder surviving son of James Anderson (1810-67) of Grace Dieu and his wife Margaret, daughter of Thomas Carew of Ballinamona Park (Waterford), born 26 June 1852. Educated at Cheltenham and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1871; BA 1875). JP for Co. Waterford and Kilkenny; DL for Co. Waterford; High Sheriff of Co. Waterford, 1885. He married 1st, 10 November 1879, Constance Agnes Jane (c.1858-81), daughter of Very Rev. Anthony Latouche Kirwan, Dean of Limerick, and 2nd, 2 October 1907, Ellen Blanche Carew Blacker Kirwan (c.1850-1944), sister of his first wife, and had issue:
(1.1) Susan Alice Anderson (1881-1941) (q.v.).
He inherited Grace Dieu from his father in 1867 and remodelled the house in 1894. The estate was sold to the tenants in the early 20th century except for the house and demesne.
He died 5 September 1925; his will was proved in London, 19 July 1926 (estate £23,182). His first wife died 9/19 August 1881. His widow died without issue, 6 April 1944, aged 94; her will was proved 9 February 1945 (estate £2,123).

Anderson, Susan Alice (1881-1941) of Grace Dieu. Only child of Thomas William Anderson (1852-1925) of Grace Dieu and his first wife, Constance Agnes Jane, daughter of Very Rev. Anthony Latouche Kirwan, born 1881. She was unmarried and without issue.
She inherited Grace Dieu from her father in 1925. At her death it passed to her third cousin, Col. Charles Bevan Carew Anderson (1894-1979).
She died 19 December 1941 after some years as an invalid; her will was proved 9 October 1942 (estate £50,692).

Anderson, Robert Carew (1815-85). Third son of Rev. Joshua Anderson (1770-1859) and his wife Anne, daughter of Capt. William Perceval of Temple House, Ballymote (Sligo), born 1815. Educated at Glasgow University (MD 1838). Served in the army (Ensign, 1840; Asst. Surgeon, Army Medical Dept., 1840; Assistant Surgeon, 82nd Foot, 1841; Surgeon, 90th Foot, 1849; Surgeon-Major, 13th Light Dragoons, 1858; retired as Deputy Inspector-General of Hospitals, 1865). He married, 13 October 1853, Jane Wallis (d. 1904), only daughter of Rev. Henry Bolton, vicar of Dysart, Enos and Kinteale (Leix), and had issue:
(1) Robert Henry Anderson (1854-96), born 17 August 1854; died unmarried, 31 December 1896;
(2) Lt-Gen. Sir Charles Alexander Anderson KCB (1857-1940) (q.v.);
(3) Maj. William Paul Anderson (1858-1935), born 16 June 1858; served in the Indian Army; died unmarried, 27 November 1935;
(4) Brig-Gen. Sir Francis James Anderson KBE CB (1860-1920), born 17 February 1860; educated privately and at Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; member of Executive & Legislative Councils of Straits Settlements, 1897-98; Commandant of Queen Victoria's Sappers and Miners, 1905-09; Asst. Director of Fortifications and Works, War Office, 1909-12; Chief Engineer, Eastern Command, 1913-14; Chairman of Army Sanitary Committee in WW1; married, 3 November 1886, Frances Alice (1855-1947), elder daughter of Maj. Purcell O'Gorman MP of Springfield (Waterford) and had issue two sons and two daughters; died 6 March 1920;
(5) Frances Ann Grace Anderson (1861-1941), born 3 December 1861; died unmarried, 1941;
(6) Joshua Perceval Anderson (1863-1905), born 4 May 1863; died unmarried, 9 October 1905;
(7) Katherine Jane Henrietta Anderson (1864-1948), born 1 August 1864; married, 28 January 1902, Vice-Adm. Harry Mervyn Kemmis-Betty RN (d. 1940), son of Col. Joshua F. Kemmis-Betty, but died without issue, 18 August 1948.
He died 2 February 1885; his will was proved 21 February 1885 (estate in England £4,330 and in Ireland £5,379). His widow died 6 April 1904; administration of her goods was granted 25 May 1904 (estate in England £194).

Anderson, Gen. Sir Charles Alexander (1857-1940). Second son of Robert Carew Anderson (1815-85) and his wife Jane Wallis, daughter of Rev. Henry Bolton, rector of Dysart, Enos and Kinteale (Leix), born 10 February 1857. Served in the Army (Jowaki Afreedee Expedition, 1877-78; Afghan War, 1878-80; Burmese Expedition, 1885-86; NW Frontier of India, 1897-98; expeditions against Zakka Khel and Mohmanda, 1908; commanded troops in South China, 1910-13; General Officer Commanding, Southern Command, India, 1917-19; appointed CB 1904; KCB 1915 and KCIE 1919. He married, 11 January 1893, his cousin Ellen Katherine (d. 1956), younger daughter of George Bevan Russell MD of Fermoy (Cork) and had issue:
(1) Col. Charles Bevan Carew Anderson (1894-1979) (q.v.);
(2) William Perceval Anderson (1895-1912), born 9 July 1895; killed in an accident on the railway at Hesdigneul station, near Boulogne (France), 11 August 1912;
(3) Maj. Noel Maurice Anderson (1896-1940), born 30 November 1896; educated at Bedford School; served Leicestershire Regiment and as Major in 2nd/5th Maharatta Light Infantry, Indian Army; married, 22 August 1922, Sheila Lisle (1900-93), daughter of Lt-Col. Duncan Simpson of Elgin (Moray) and had issue two daughters; died 28 March 1940.
He lived at Moor Cross House, Cornwood (Devon).
He died 20 February 1940; his will was proved 31 May 1940 (estate £17,892). His widow died 2 January 1956, aged 93; her will was proved 16 March 1956 (estate in England £1,420).

Anderson, Col. Charles Bevan Carew (1894-1979) of Grace Dieu. Eldest son of Gen. Sir Charles Alexander Anderson (1857-1940) and his wife Ellen Katherine, daughter of George Bevan Russell MD of Fermoy (Cork), born 12 April 1894. Educated at Bedford School and Edinburgh University (MB, ChB 1916); Fellow of Royal College of Surgeons. Served in WW1, Afghan War of 1919 and WW2 as Colonel, Royal Army Medical Corps. He married, 26 April 1924 (div. 1945), Alice Grace Mary (1900-76) (who m.2, Arthur Purvis Shaw), daughter of John Ralph Barkley, and had issue:
(1) Charles William Michael Anderson (b. 1925), born 30 June 1925; educated at Wellington College; employed by Plessey Co. in Pretoria (South Africa); married, 6 February 1960, Daphne Holt, daughter of H. Benson of Salisbury (Rhodesia);
(2) Peter Jocelyn Anderson (b. 1926) of Grace Dieu; educated privately; worked in the oil industry; married, 31 December 1953, Nanette, daughter of Walter Perceval Knight of Rhodesia and had issue three sons and two daughters;
(3) Ellen Patricia Anderson (b. 1931), born 27 May 1931; married, 18 September 1954, George Gray Robins, only son of Brig. Christopher Gray Robins CBE of Holme Grange, Bakewell (Derbys) and had issue three sons and one daughter.
He inherited Grace Dieu from his third cousin, Susan Alice Anderson, in 1941; the house was sold after his death.
He died 17 July 1979. His ex-wife died in London in 1976.

Sources
Burke's Irish Family Records, 1976, pp. 20-22; Decies: Journal of the Old Waterford Society, vol. 49, Spring 1994http://landedestates.nuigalway.ie/LandedEstates/jsp/estate-show.jsp?id=3174

Location of archives
Anderson family of Grace Dieu: deeds and papers, 1704-19th cent. [Private collection: enquiries to National Library of Ireland]

Coat of arms
Quarterly: 1st and 4th, argent a saltire engrailed between two mullets gules one in chief and the other in base and in the flanks two boars' heads erased azure; 2nd and 3rd, gules a chevron ermine between three estoiles argent (for Brewster).