Thursday, 18 September 2014

(140) Andrews of Little Lever and Rivington

Andrews of Little Lever & Rivington
This family claims descent from the Andrew family of Charwelton in Northamptonshire, and the connection is evidenced by their coat of arms, which is almost identical, although the precise descent cannot be established. The family's connection with Lancashire began with Nicholas Andrew or Andrews (d. 1626), who was a younger son of William Andrew of Twywell in Northamptonshire and was apprenticed to a salter in London. He seems to have been successful in business and about 1613 married Heath, the daughter and eventual heiress of Thomas Lever of Little Lever (Lancs). Through their marriage settlement, he acquired a one-third share in the manor of Little Lever in 1624, and he appears to have been resident on the estate at the time of his death in 1626. He died comparatively young, and his heir, John Andrews (1616-78) did not come of age until 1637. He then moved quickly to purchase the remaining two-thirds of the Little Lever estate in 1640, firmly establishing his gentry status.  During the Civil War, John took the Parliamentarian side and was a Captain in the Parliamentary army, and later, when the presbyterian system was set up in Lancashire, he was chosen as one of the ruling elders of the church in the Bolton district. The nonconformist tradition of the family remained strong throughout future generations, with 17th century Presbyterianism giving place to Unitarianism in the 18th and 19th centuries.

John Andrews (1616-78) married twice, and his second wife was the only daughter and heiress of his neighbour, Robert Lever of Darcy Lever (Lancs).  As a result of this marriage, one half of the manor of Rivington, on the other side of Bolton, came to John Andrews (1654-1700) on Lever's death in 1688, and this John's son, John Andrews (1684-1743) bought the other moiety, which included Rivington Hall, from the Breres family in 1729. Rivington Hall would appear to have become the family's principal seat from this time onwards, and John seems to have been responsible for some improvement works on the estate, including building the folly tower of 1733 on Rivington Pike.

When John Andrews died in 1743, a life interest in the family estates passed to Joseph Wilson (d. 1765), a Bolton solicitor, who had married Andrews' daughter, Abigail (1709-41). Wilson died without surviving issue and the Rivington and Little Lever estates reverted to Robert Andrews (1741-93), who was a great-nephew of John Andrews.  Robert almost at once set about a major rebuilding of Rivington Hall, completed in 1774, and at the same time seems to have demolished most or all of the old house at Little Lever, where the exploitation of coal mines may already have rendered the estate undesirable as a gentry residence.

Robert Andrews was succeeded his elder son, Robert Andrews (1785-1858), who remained unmarried and died without issue. His brother, John Andrews (1786-1865), succeeded, but he too was unmarried, so on his death the estate passed to his sister's grandson, John William Crompton (1834-1905), who had been brought up in a middle-class household in Liverpool. In the 1840s, Robert Andrews sold parts of the estate to Liverpool Corporation for the building of water supply reservoirs, which ultimately greatly improved the setting of the house and estate, and he probably also sold the family's interests at Little Lever.  In the 1880s and 1890s, unwise investments led J.W. Crompton into debt, and he was at last obliged to sell the whole property in 1899.  

The Oaks, Upton: home of Andrews Crompton from 1915-33.
The buyer was William Hesketh Lever, later 1st Viscount Leverhulme, who developed the estate as a playground for the people of his home town of Bolton. As part of the sale, Crompton negotiated the right for he and his wife to remain living at Rivington Hall until their deaths. Mrs Crompton died in 1910, and their son, Andrews Crompton (1870-1933), tried unsuccessfully to extend the arrangement. A few years later, however, his wife inherited The Oaks at Upton near Chester from her father, and they lived there until he died in 1933, after which it was sold and became a golf club.


Little Lever Hall, Lancashire
Almost nothing is known of the history of this house, which stood on the site of Little Lever High School, in Church Lane.  It is said to have been a semi-timbered building of the 15th or 16th century, and was largely demolished in about 1775. It seems likely that it was abandoned and taken down after the Andrews family completed the new house at Rivington in 1774. The name still appears on an Ordnance Survey map of the 1840s, but whatever fragment of the house or outbuildings survived at that time was no longer a gentry residence.

Descent: Thomas Lever; to daughter, Heath Lever, wife of Nicholas Andrew (d. 1626); to son, John Andrew (d. 1678); to son, John Andrews (fl. 1682); to son, John Andrews (1684-1743); to daughter, Abigail Andrews, wife of Joseph Wilson (d. 1765) of Manchester; to first cousin once removed, Robert Andrews (1741-93), who demolished the Hall; to son, Robert Andrews (1785-1858), who probably sold the property.

Rivington Hall, Lancashire
Rivington Hall from the west.

There has been a house on this site since before 1477, when Robert Pilkington employed William Holden to add a hall and cross-chamber with two large windows six feet broad to the existing building at a cost of nine marks (£6).  The result is said to have been a quadrangular semi-timbered house with a central square court, approached through a gateway, but as the house seems to have had only four hearths in the mid 17th century, it must have been on a small scale.  
Rivington Hall: old stonework in the rear
wings, photographed c.1900
This old house was largely taken down in 1774, but some old stonework surviving in the rear wings show that not all of it was demolished.  Amongst these features are datestones of 1694 and 1700, attesting to a late 17th century modernisation by the Breres.

The present building is a five bay, two-storey red brick house built in 1774 for Robert Andrews, with a pedimented one-bay centrepiece and a tripartite entrance. In the group of barns to the rear of the house is a most impressive, probably 16th century, cruck-framed barn 105 feet in length, which was restored and altered by Jonathan Simpson, c.1903-04 for Lord Leverhulme. The stable block formerly to the east of the house had datestones of 1713, with the initials of the Breres, and 1732, with the initials of John and Abigail Andrews.


Rivington Hall: entrance front. Image: Dave & Carolyn Sawyer. Licenced under this Creative Commons licence




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Rivington Hall in the 1840s: from the OS 6" map published in 1849. The house is the smaller block to the south.


In 1847-57 the setting of the estate was radically altered when Liverpool Corporation created a series of eight linked water supply reservoirs in a shallow valley west of the house and village.  William Hesketh Lever (later Lord Leverhulme) bought the estate from J.W. Crompton and his wife in 1899, although the Cromptons reserved the right to continue living in the hall until they died.  Lord Leverhulme laid out the land east of the reservoirs as a public park, with several avenues and much informal planting by Thomas Mawson.  The cruck barn became a refreshment house and function room.  He also built a full-size replica of the 13th century ruins of Liverpool Castle on the lake shore, reproducing the castle from plans of 1892 by E.W. Cox that captured the original building immediately prior to its demolition in 1725.  The long reservoirs, the park, and the sham castle create a landscape of considerable beauty, which Lord Leverhulme intended to benefit the citizens of his home town of Bolton, a few miles away.  However, after a dispute the estate was acquired by Liverpool Corporation which was fanatical about protecting the catchment area of its water supply.  The Corporation also bought, and demolished, Roynton Cottage, the bungalow which Lord Leverhulme built for himself on the steep hillside below Rivington Pike (which had already been burnt by suffragettes and rebuilt), and the moorland garden there which T.H. Mawson created from 1905.  The gardens fell into complete decay, but have been restored since the 1970s, largely by the British Trust for Conservation Volunteers.


The tower on Rivington Pike, built in 1733.  Link to image source.

On the highest point of the estate, at Rivington Pike, is a single-storey folly tower with stepped battlements, which was built by the mason Henry Lathom in 1733 for John Andrews.  It was originally heated and was probably used as a hunting lodge.  A moulding in the form of a pointed arch over the door points at a faintly Gothick influence, but this far north and this early, it must be a case of Survival rather than Revival.

Descent: James Pilkington sold 1611 to Thomas Breres (d. 1617) and Robert Lever (d. 1620). The Lever moiety passed to his son, Robert Lever (d. 1644); to nephew, Robert Lever (c.1608-88); to daughter, Jane Lever, wife of John Andrew (c.1616-78); to son, John Andrews (1684-1743); to daughter, Abigail Andrews, wife of Joseph Wilson (d. 1765) of Manchester; to first cousin once removed, Robert Andrews (1741-93); to son, Robert Andrews (1785-1858); to brother, John Andrews (d. 1865); to great-nephew, John William Crompton (1834-1905), who sold 1899 to William Hesketh Lever (1851-1925), 1st Viscount Leverhulme.  The Breres moiety passed to son, Thomas Breres (d. 1673); to brother, Rev. John Breres (d. 1696); to son, William Breres (d. 1723); to son, John Breres who sold 1729 to John Andrews (1684-1743).

Andrews family of Little Lever and Rivington

Andrew(s), Nicholas (d. 1626). Fourth son of William Andrew of Twywell (Northants) and his wife Bridget Rysly of Oundle (Northants), perhaps born about 1580. Citizen and salter of London. He and his children are recorded as both Andrew and Andrews, although the latter form became standardised later. He married, about 1613, Heath (fl. 1626), daughter of Thomas Lever esq. of Little Lever (Lancs) and had issue:
(1) John Andrews (1616-78) (q.v.);
(2) Rev. Sampson Andrews (1616-57), baptised 17 December 1616; educated at Emmanuel and Kings Colleges, Cambridge (admitted 1634; BA 1637/8); minister of Corton Denham (Somerset); married Joane [surname unknown] and had issue one son and two daughters; will proved in PCC, 2 June 1657;
(3) Thomas Andrews (fl. 1626), born between 1617 and 1623; died without issue;
(4) Elizabeth Andrews (b. 1621; fl. 1626), baptised 19 November 1621;
(5) William Andrews (b. 1624), baptised 30 May 1624; died without issue;
(6) Hannah Andrews (b. 1625), baptised 27 June 1625; married, 26 August 1669 at St Martin in the Fields (Middx), Edward Young, citizen and merchant tailor of London;
(7) Heath Andrews (fl. 1626); probably the person of this name who married, 2 December 1651 at Prestwich (Lancs), Miles Marshall;
(8) Marah or Mary Andrews (b. 1627), born posthumously and baptised 31 January 1626/7.
Under his marriage settlement, he acquired a one-third share in the manor of Little Lever from 1624.
He died in 1626; his will was proved in the PCC 12 April 1627.

Andrews, John (1616-78). Eldest son of Nicholas Andrew(s) (d. 1626) and his wife Heath, daughter of Thomas Lever of Little Lever, baptised 17 March 1615/6. A Captain in the Parliamentarian army during the Civil War and a Presbyterian; when the presbyterian system was set up in Lancashire, he was chosen as one of the ruling elders for the Bolton district.  He married 1st, 24 October 1647 at Manchester Cathedral, Sarah (d. 1651), daughter of William Bourne of Broadgate (Staffs) and 2nd, c.1653, Jane, daughter and heiress of Robert Lever of Darcy Lever (Lancs), and had issue:
(1.1) William Andrews (b. & d. 1648), baptised 7 September 1648; died in infancy and was buried at Manchester, 19 September 1648;
(1.2) Mary Andrews (1650-1704?), born 24 and baptised 28 January 1649/50; married, 28 December 1670 at Bolton, James Grundy MB of Lancaster and had issue; perhaps the Mary Grundy who was buried at Wardleworth (Lancs), 20 March 1704;
(2.1) John Andrews (1654-1700) (q.v.);
(2.2) Robert Andrews (b. 1655), born 2 and baptised 11 November 1655; a physician in Liverpool; died unmarried;
(2.3) Nicholas Andrews (1658-73), born 1 and baptised 10 January 1657/8; died young and was buried at Bolton, 30 May 1673;
(2.4) Thomas Andrews (1660-66), born 11 and baptised 21 May 1660; died young and was buried at Bolton, 30 April 1666;
(2.5) Ellen Andrews (b. 1664), born 31 January and baptised 4 February 1663/4;
(2.6) Elizabeth Andrews; married, 10 May 1688 at Bolton, Christopher Marsden of Manchester and had issue.
He inherited one third of Little Lever manor from his father in 1626 and purchased the rest of the estate in 1640. His second marriage brought one moiety of the Rivington estate to the family on the death of his father-in-law in 1688.
He died in 1678. His first wife was buried 29 August 1651. His second wife's date of death has not been found.

Andrews, John (1654-1700).  Eldest son of John Andrews (c.1616-78) and his second wife, Jane, daughter of Robert Lever of Darcy Lever (Lancs), born 21 and baptised 29 January 1653/4. He married, 6 July 1682, Anna/Hannah (d. 1715), daughter of Robert Mort of Wharton Hall, Little Hulton (Lancs) and had issue:
(1) John Andrews (1684-1743) (q.v.);
(2) Elizabeth Andrews (fl. 1687); probably died young;
(3) Robert Andrews (1687-1732) (q.v.);
(4) Marah or Mary Andrews (1690-1733), born 16 and baptised 29 May 1690; married, 30 November 1713, John Sharples of Sharples (Lancs) and had issue; buried 22 June 1733;
(5) Anne Andrews (d. 1741); married, 14 August 1714, John Walmsley of Wigan (Lancs) and had issue; buried at Brindle (Lancs), 9 March 1741.
He inherited the Little Lever estate from his father in 1678, and one moiety of the manor of Rivington from his maternal grandfather in 1688.
He died in December 1700. His widow was buried 19 March 1715.

Andrews, John (1684-1743). Elder son of John Andrews (d. 1700) and his wife Anna, daughter of Robert Mort of Wharton Hall, Little Hulton, baptised 18 September 1684. Solicitor practising in Bolton. He married, 19 May 1707 at Bolton, Abigail (fl. 1734), daughter of Richard Crook of Abram (Lancs) and had issue:
(1) Anna Andrews (1708-12), baptised 20 February 1707/8; died young and was buried 14 May 1712;
(2) Abigail Andrews (1709-41) (q.v.);
(3) Lydia Andrews (c.1710-11); died in infancy and was buried 19 September 1711;
(4) Lydia Andrews (b. 1711), baptised 23 September 1711; died young;
(5) Jane Andrews (d. 1712); buried 19 May 1712;
(6) Hannah Andrews (d. 1716); buried 25 April 1716;
(7) John Andrews (b. 1714), baptised 1 September 1714; died young;
(8) Lydia Andrews (1718-36), born 21 and baptised 26 December 1718; died unmarried and was buried 20 June 1736.
He inherited the Little Lever and Rivington estates from his father, and purchased the second moiety of the Rivington estate in 1729.
He was buried 13 September 1743. His wife was living in 1734 but her date of death has not been found.

Andrews, Abigail (1709-41). Only surviving child of John Andrews (1684-1743) and his wife Abigail, daughter of Richard Crook of Abram (Lancs), baptised 19 April 1709. She married, 29 September 1737 at Bolton, Joseph Wilson (d. 1765) of Manchester and Bolton, attorney-at-law, and had issue:
(1) Lydia Wilson (1738-55), born 18 and baptised 27 September 1738; died without issue and was buried at Bolton, 16 February 1755;
(2) John Andrew Wilson (1741-60), born 16 and baptised 26 March 1741; educated at Warrington Dissenting Academy, where he died of smallpox without issue, 10 April 1760, aged 19.
Her husband inherited the Little Lever and Rivington estates from her father in 1743.
She was buried 27 November 1741.  Her husband was buried 30 July 1765.

Andrews, Robert (1687-1732) of Bolton. Second son of John Andrews (d. 1700) and his wife Anna, daughter of Robert Mort of Wharton Hall, Little Hulton, born 14 and baptised 23 March 1687. He married, 30 December 1712, Hannah (d. 1741), daughter of Joseph Crompton of Hacking and Bolton-le-Moors (Lancs), and had issue:
(1) John Andrews (d. 1716); died young; buried 17 July 1716;
(2) Joseph Andrews (1715-49) (q.v.);
(3) Mary Andrews (1717-20), born 7 September 1717; died young, November 1720;
(4) Hannah Andrews (1719-1801), born 5 August 1719; married, 9 December 1740, Peter Dorning of Prestal (Lancs) but had no surviving issue; died 19 August 1801;
(5) Jane Andrews (1720-25), born 16 March 1720/1; died young and was buried 2 September 1725;
(6) Rev. Robert Andrews (1723-66); educated at the Dissenting academy, Kendal; Presbyterian minister at Lydgate, Kirkburton (Yorks), 1747-53, Platt Chapel, Rusholme (Lancs), 1753-56, and Bridgnorth from 1756, where he remained till his health broke down and he became mad; poet and translator of Virgil; married Hannah Hazlewood (d. 1815) of Bridgnorth, but died without issue;
(7) Cicely Andrews (1724-34), born 12 February 1724; died young and was buried 18 October 1734;
(8) Thomas Andrews; died young;
(9) Nicholas Andrews (d. 1730); died young and was buried 4 March 1729/30;
(10) James Andrews (1728-68) of Manchester and later of Bolton-le-Moors, born 4 February 1728; married, 31 October 1750 at Eccles (Lancs), Susanna (d. 1787), second daughter and eventually heiress of Robert Dukinfield of Manchester, and had issue five daughters, of whom three died young; buried at Bolton, 27 November 1768.
He was buried 22 January 1731/2. His widow was buried 24 October 1741.

Andrews, Joseph (1715-49) of Bolton. Eldest surviving son of Robert Andrews (1687-1732) of Bolton-le-Moors and his wife Hannah, daughter of Joseph Crompton of Hackin (Lancs), born 25 November 1715. He married, 24 July 1734, Hannah (d. 1757), daughter of Edward Kenyon of Kenyon Peel Hall (Lancs), and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Andrews (1736-38), born 13 October 1736; died in infancy and was buried 29 September 1738;
(2) Mary Andrews (1738-1820), born 29 April 1738; died unmarried, 21 March 1820;
(3) Hannah Andrews (b. 1740), born 13 April 1740; married, 5 August 1766 at St Nicholas, Liverpool, John Fletcher of Liverpool and had issue four sons and three daughters;
(4) Robert Andrews (1741-93) (q.v.);
(5) Jane Andrews (1743-44), born 9 March 1743; died in infancy and was buried 11 October 1744.
He died 29 October and was buried at Bolton, 31 October 1749. His widow was buried at Bolton, 20 February 1757.

Andrews, Robert (1741-93) of Little Lever and Rivington. Only son of Joseph Andrews (1715-49) and his wife Hannah, daughter of Edward Kenyon of Kenyon Peel Hall (Lancs), born 30 December 1741. JP for Lancashire. He married 1st, 7 October 1766 at Rivington, Mary (d. 1768), daughter of Samuel Darbishire of Bolton-le-Moors and 2nd, 17 May 1781 at Guiseley (Yorks WR), Sarah (d. 1791), daughter of Thomas Cockshott of Guiseley, and had issue:
(2.1) Hannah Maria Andrews (1783-1859) (q.v.);
(2.2) Robert Andrews (1785-1858) (q.v.);
(2.3) John Andrews (1786-1865), born 25 July and baptised at Rivington Unitarian Church, 7 November 1786; died unmarried, 22 December 1865; will proved 29 January 1866 (estate under £3,000).
He inherited the Little Lever and Rivington estates from his cousin's widower in 1765, rebuilt Rivington Hall in 1774, and demolished Little Lever Hall.
He died 13 August and was buried at Rivington, 16 August 1793. His first wife died without issue and was buried at Turton Chapel, 5 August 1768. His second wife was buried at Rivington, 2 May 1791.

Andrews, Robert (1785-1858) of Little Lever and Rivington. Elder son of Robert Andrews (1741-93) and his second wife Sarah, daughter of Thomas Cockshott of Marlow (Yorks), born 13 January and baptised at Rivington Unitarian Church, 24 May 1785. JP for Lancashire, 1835. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited the Little Lever and Rivington estates from his father in 1793, and made some improvements to Rivington Hall in 1820. At his death his estates passed to his brother (d. 1865) and then to his great-nephew, John William Crompton.
He died 4 July 1858 and is commemorated by a monument in Rivington Unitarian Church; his will was proved 20 August 1858 (estate under £14,000).

Andrews, Hannah Maria (1783-1859).  Only daughter of Robert Andrews (1741-93) and his second wife Sarah, daughter of Thomas Cockshott of Marlow (Yorks), born 21 July 1783. She married, 20 June 1803 at St Nicholas, Liverpool, her cousin, Robert Fletcher (1776-1849) of Toxteth Park, Liverpool, merchant, and had issue:
(1) Robert Andrews Fletcher (1804-50), born 31 July 1804; died unmarried, December 1850; will proved 15 March 1851 at Chester and 7 February 1852 in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury;
(2) Jane Fletcher (1806-82); born 21 July and baptised at Paradise St. Unitarian Chapel, Liverpool, 25 September 1806; died unmarried at Rivington Hall, 15 April 1882; will proved 16 May 1882 (estate £7,003);
(3) Sarah Fletcher (1808-83), born 29 July and baptised at Paradise St. Unitarian Chapel, Liverpool, 9 November 1808; died unmarried at Rivington Hall, 1 December 1883; will proved 10 December 1885 (estate £5,090);
(4) Lucy Fletcher (1810-48) (q.v.);
(5) Mary Ann Fletcher (1813-91), born 24 October 1813 and baptised at Paradise St. Unitarian Chapel, Liverpool, 24 March 1816; teacher in a Liverpool school in 1851; died unmarried at Rivington Hall, 27 September 1891; will proved 20 April 1892 (estate £4,219);
(6) Catharine Fletcher (1816-80), born 19 July 1816; died unmarried at Rivington Hall, 4 June 1880; will proved 26 August 1880 (estate under £6,000).
She died 22 June 1859; her will was proved 9 November 1859 (estate under £3,000). Her husband died in 1849.

Fletcher, Lucy (1810-48). Daughter of Robert Fletcher of Toxteth Park, Liverpool and his wife Hannah Maria, daughter of Robert Andrews of Little Lever and Rivington, born 23 August 1810 and baptised at Kaye Street Unitarian Chapel, Liverpool, 16 January 1812. She married, 25 March 1834 at Walton-on-the-Hill (Lancs), Woodhouse Crompton (1809-42) of Liverpool, merchant, son of John William Crompton of Birmingham; he was described as "a man of the warmest heart and most active spirit of kindness...an earnest lover of the various pursuits of natural history".  They had issue:
(1) John William Crompton (1834-1905) (q.v.);
(2) Robert Andrews Crompton (1836-89), born 8 August and baptised at Renshaw Street Unitarian Chapel, 20 December 1836; married, 1872, Henrietta Fletcher (d. 1891), but had no issue; died 31 August 1889; will proved 18 October 1889 (estate £2,913);
(3) Samuel Crompton (b. 1838), born 26 May 1838; educated at Knutsford Unitarian School; probably died young;
(4) Joseph Crompton (1840-1901), born 17 January 1840; educated at Knutsford Unitarian School; emigrated to South Australia, 1860 and worked there in partnership with Henry Clark of Stonyfell as one of the pioneering vignerons in South Australia; later developed a wide range of other manufacturing and exporting businesses; married, 8 May 1866 at Adelaide Unitarian Church, Susan Elizabeth (1846-1932), daughter of Francis Clark of Hazlewood and had issue seven sons and four daughters; died 27 April 1901;
(5) Harriet Crompton (b. 1841).
She died in Jul-Sept 1848. Her husband died 17 January 1842.

Crompton, John William (1834-1905). Eldest son of Woodhouse Crompton (d. 1842) of Liverpool and his wife Lucy, daughter of Robert Fletcher of Toxteth Park, Liverpool, born 13 December 1834 and baptised 20 December 1836 at Renshaw Street Unitarian Chapel, Liverpool.  He married, 1868, Margaret Evelyn (1844-1910), daughter of Andrew Leighton of Liverpool, commission agent, and had issue:
(1) Andrews Crompton (1870-1933) of Garstang (Lancs) and later The Oaks, Upton (Cheshire), born about January 1870; married, 21 July 1907 at Rivington, Theresa Richardson (1877-1958), daughter of William Richardson Moss of The Oaks, Upton (Cheshire) and had issue one son and one daughter; died 4 February 1933; will proved 5 April 1933 (estate £11,305).
He inherited the Rivington estate from his great-uncle in 1865, but sold it in 1899 to William Hesketh Lever (1851-1925), 1st Viscount Leverhulme.
He died 23 March 1905 and he and his family are commemorated by a monument in Rivington Unitarian church; his will was proved 6 May 1905 (estate £3,456). His widow died 11 February 1910; administration of her estate was granted 8 April 1910 (estate £151).


Sources

Burke's Landed Gentry, 1850, supplement p.5; S. Lewis, A topographical dictionary of England, 1848, vol. 3, pp. 74-78; W.F. Irvine, A short history of the township of Rivington, 1904; J.M. Robinson, The country houses of the north-west, 1991, p. 230; C. Hartwell & Sir N. Pevsner, The buildings of England: Lancashire - North, 2009, p. 578.

Location of archives
Andrews family of Little Lever and Rivington: Deeds and papers of Pilkington and Andrews estates in Ainsworth, Little Lever, Middleton and Rivington c.1300-c.1880 [Lancashire Archives, DDHw]

Coat of arms
Gules, a saltire or, surmounted of another, vert, in chief a trefoil argent for difference.

Saturday, 13 September 2014

(139) Andrewes (later Uthwatt) of Lathbury and Great Linford

Andrews of Lathbury, baronets
The first Sir William Andrewes (1565-1625), kt., who was a younger son of the Andrewes family of Libury in Hertfordshire, was able to buy an estate at Lathbury (Bucks) in 1593, establish himself as a country gentleman, and later build a new house at Lathbury which survived until about 1801, although no drawing of it is known.  His son, Sir William Andrewes (c.1590-1657), kt. married into the Temples of Stowe but seems to have had a hot temper; he fell out with one of his brothers in law and was accused of assaulting him in Lincolns Inn Fields in 1634. Despite this, Sir William seems not to have taken a particularly active part in the Civil War: his house was used first as stabling for the Royalist party but after Newport Pagnell was captured and garrisoned by the Parliamentarians, the house was used to hold Royalist prisoners captive. There is no record of the estate being sequestrated, so Sir William was presumably Parliamentarian in sympathies.

Sir Henry Andrewes (1624-96), was created a baronet in 1661, but had no surviving male issue, and the Lathbury estate passed on his death to his nephew, Henry Andrewes (1667-1744), who was trained as a barrister.  He left only daughters, the eldest of whom, Elizabeth Uthwatt (1700-64), inherited the estate but transferred it in 1753 to her son, Henry Uthwatt (1728-57). Henry also inherited the Great Linford estate from his uncle in 1754, but the two estates did not remain together and passed by different descents.  Henry unfortunately died without children before he was thirty, and Great Linford was held by his widow until 1800; Lathbury reverted to his mother, and passed on her death to her niece, Jane Symes (d. 1799). She divided the estate between a cousin, Margaret Dallway, and a friend, Mansel Dawkins Mansel, who obtained the major portion including the house, which he rebuilt in 1801. The estate was sold after he committed suicide in 1822.

The will of Henry Uthwatt (1728-57) provided for the descent of Great Linford after the expiry of his wife's life interest, and in 1800 it passed to his third cousin, the Rev. Henry Uthwatt Andrewes (1755-1812), on condition that he and future descendants took the name Uthwatt, which he did in 1803.  The Rev. Henry Uthwatt Uthwatt, as he became, had six sons.  The eldest, Henry Andrewes Uthwatt (1787-1855), established a bank in partnership with his father but never married, so on his death the estate passed to his brother, Rev. William Andrewes Uthwatt (1793-1879), who was minister of a number of local churches including Stowe, where he was also chaplain to the Duke of Buckingham.  He married the daughter of the vicar of Maids Moreton (Bucks), and through her acquired the manor of Maids Moreton, which passed to his only daughter, Mary Henrietta Turner Hutton Andrewes Andrewes (d. 1916).  Great Linford was entailed on male descendants, however, and passed to his next surviving brother, Augustus Thomas Andrewes Uthwatt (1798-1885).

For reasons which remain entirely obscure, Augustus had lived a double life for over half a century. After training and working as a solicitor in Barnet for some years, in 1835 he apparently 'dropped out' and assiduously cultivated obscurity; he moved to Cornwall, and later the Liverpool area. How he supported himself at this time is not clear although it is apparent he was not in easy circumstances.  In Cornwall he formed a relationship with a young orphan gentlewoman, a Miss Manning, by whom he had five children. To his children, theirs was apparently a normal marriage and family, although the family dynamics would seem from later press reports to have been quite odd. Augustus had limited contact with his siblings, but to them he represented himself as a bachelor, and in his dealings with the estate he behaved pretty consistently as though his heir under the entail was his next brother, Edolf Andrewes Uthwatt (1805-82) and when he died, the latter's son, William Francis Edolph Andrewes Uthwatt (1870-1921).  When he died in 1885, therefore, it was  surprise to all parties to discover that he had a large family, and an elder son who expected to inherit the Great Linford estate. A legal case resulted, in which the judge concluded that on the balance of probabilities, Augustus and Miss Manning had not been married, and therefore his children were illegitimate and not eligible to inherit.  The case has some parallels with the mystery of the disappearing baronetcy which I wrote up last year, but on this occasion the motivation that led Augustus to enmesh himself in layers of duplicity over many decades is quite obscure.

Great Linford passed to William Francis Edolph Andrewes Uthwatt (1870-1921), who married into the Bouveries of Delapré Abbey. His son, Maj. William Rupert Edolph Andrewes Uthwatt-Bouverie (1899-1954) subsequently inherited and sold both the Great Linford and Delapré estates.  The Maids Moreton estate passed from Miss Mary Andrewes (d. 1916) to her cousin, Thomas Andrewes Uthwatt (1846-1927), and his son, Eusebius Andrewes Andrewes (1875-1954) appears to have sold it. 


Lathbury Place, later Lathbury Park, Buckinghamshire


Lathbury Park: the new house built in 1801 for Mansel Dawkins Mansel.

Nothing is known of the house which is reputed to have been built in the early 17th century by the first Sir William Andrewes, and which was known as Lathbury Place. The present house is a plain stone building built on the same site in 1801 for Mansel Dawkins Mansel (d. 1822).  It has a five bay front with arched windows on the ground floor; the Doric porch in the centre is a mid 19th century addition. In the 1920s the house was used as a school preparing boys for entry to Sandhurst, and it is reported later to have been used as an agricultural college (in the 1930s) and a maternity home (in the 1940s). It is now once more in private occupation.

Descent: sold 1592 to Sir William Andrews, kt. (1565-1625); to son, Sir William Andrews, kt. (c.1590-1657), who settled the estate in 1650 on his son, Sir Henry Andrews, 1st bt. (1624-96); to nephew, Henry Andrews (1667-1744); to daughter, Elizabeth Andrews (1700-64), wife of Richard Uthwatt (d. 1749) of Rickmansworth (Herts), who settled the estate in 1753 on her son, Henry Uthwatt (d. 1757), but it reverted to her on her death; to niece, Jane Symes (c.1733-99), who bequeathed the estate  to her cousin Margaret Dallwey and her friend, Mansel Dawkins Mansel (d. 1822), who built a new house; to his sons who sold c.1824 to Richard John Tibbits of Barton Segrave (Northants); to daughter, Mary Isabella Tibbits (d. 1904), wife of Samuel Hood (later Hood-Tibbits) (1808-46), 3rd Viscount Hood; to son, Francis Wheler Hood (1838-1907), 4th Viscount Hood, who sold c.1905 to William Trevor (fl. 1925)...


Great Linford Manor, Buckinghamshire


Great Linford Manor. Image: Mick Finn. Licenced under this Creative Commons licence.

Great Linford is one of the many villages swallowed up by the creation from the 1960s onwards of the new city of Milton Keynes, but the setting of the manor house, church, school and almshouses in a loop of the Grand Union Canal has been preserved by the planners. Much of the ensemble is due to Sir William Pritchard (c.1632-1705), who bought the estate in 1683, demolished the medieval manor house and what was left of the medieval village, and built a grand new square double-pile house in 1688-89 to the designs of the mason/ contractor, George Kempe, and joiner, William Adderbury, as well as the school and almshouses.

In about 1728-30, Thomas Uthwatt (d. 1754) refronted the house in ashlar and probably added the attic storey and the lower kitchen wing to the north.  The doorcase appears to be 17th century but has been re-used, and at one time incorporated a cartouche with the Uthwatt arms. Inside, the panelling and chimneypieces seem also to date from the 1720s or 1730s.  Uthwatt also built two large symmetrical pedimented stable pavilions either side of the approach drive but facing back towards the house; the intent seems not to form a single Palladian composition with the house but to frame the approach in the view from the house.

Rather later, apparently in the 1740s, a south wing was built to match the north wing and provide a fashionable 'Great Room' for entertaining.  It is austerely plain outside, but has Rococo decoration within, some of it renewed when the house was restored and converted into an arts centre in 1978-81 by Donald Insall & Partners.  It has since become a recording studio.

Descent: Crown granted 1560 to John Thompson (d. 1597); to son, Robert Thompson (d. 1633), a lunatic, whose son, Sir John Thompson, kt. managed the estate and sold it 1640 to Sir Richard Napier (d. 1676), kt.; to son, Thomas Napier, who sold 1678 to Sir William Pritchard (c.1632-1705), kt.; to nephew, Richard Uthwatt (d. 1719); to son, Thomas Uthwatt (d. 1754); to nephew, Henry Uthwatt (d. 1757); to widow, Frances Uthwatt (d. 1800) and then to his cousin, Rev. Henry Uthwatt Andrewes (later Uthwatt) (1755-1812); to son, Henry Andrewes Uthwatt (1787-1855); to brother, Rev. William Andrewes Uthwatt (1793-1879); to brother, Augustus Thomas Andrewes Uthwatt (1798-1885); to nephew, William Francis Edolph Andrewes Uthwatt (d. 1921); to son, William Rupert Edolph Andrewes Uthwatt (later Uthwatt-Bouverie) (1899-1954), who sold the estate.


Andrewes family of Lathbury



Andrewes, Sir William (1555-1625), kt.  Younger son of John Andrewes of Libury Hall, Great Mundon (Herts) and his wife Anne, daughter of William Brown of Essex, born 1 January 1555. Escheator for Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, 1598-99; sheriff of Buckinghamshire, 1607; knighted, 12 May 1604. He married, 8 December 1585 at Aston (Herts), Elizabeth, daughter of William Wilcocks of Romney (Kent) and had issue:
(1) Thomasine Elizabeth Andrewes (c.1588-1625); married 1st, 25 May 1606 at Lathbury, Sir Francis Freeman of Great Billing (Northants) but had no issue, and 2nd, before 1617/8, Richard Butler (c.1578-1651), 3rd Viscount Mountgarret, but had no issue; died 1625.
(2) Sir William Andrewes (c.1590-1657), kt. (q.v.);
(3) Edolph Andrewes (b. c.1594; fl. 1627/8), born about 1594; married, 30 December 1617, Dorothy, daughter of John Thompson of Husborne Crawley (Beds);
He purchased the major part of the manor of Lathbury in 1592 and is reputed to have built a new manor house called Lathbury Place in the early 17th century.
He died 5 November 1625 and was buried at Lathbury, 7 December 1625. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Andrewes, Sir William (c.1590-1657), kt.  Son of Sir William Andrewes (1555-1625), kt. and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Wilcocks of Romney (Kent), born about 1590. Knighted, 6 May 1618. Sheriff of Buckinghamshire, 1630. He fell out with one of his wife's brothers, the Rev. Dr. Thomas Temple, vicar of Bourton-on-the-Water, who claimed that he had been trying to provoke him into fighting a duel for years. Their differences reputedly culminated in a murderous assault, when Andrewes chased Temple into Lincoln's Inn Fields, assaulted him with his stiletto, and would have killed him had not some bystanders intervened. Sir William was bound over by a justice to keep the peace, but fearing a further assault, Temple's mother subsequently petitioned the Court of Chivalry, asking the court to settle their differences. Sir William married, 1617, Ann, daughter of Sir Thomas Temple of Stowe (Bucks), and had issue:
(1) Temple Andrewes (fl. 1622; d. 1625); died young and was buried at Lathbury, June 1625;
(2) Sir Henry Andrewes (1624-96), 1st bt. (q.v.);
(3) Edward Andrewes (d. 1690) (q.v.)
(4) William Andrewes (d. 1689) of Shingleton, Great Chart (Kent); died unmarried; will proved 23 October 1689;
(5) Elizabeth Andrewes (d. 1692); married 1st, Richard Browne (fl. 1657) of Shingleton, Great Chart (Kent) and had issue a daughter (Elizabeth Browne, who married Thomas Leigh (1652-1710), 2nd Baron Leigh and died 1678); married 2nd, her cousin, Col. Temple (d. by 1677); will proved 26 July 1692;
(6) John Andrewes; probably died young;
(7) George Andrewes (d. 1681) of Great Chart (Kent), married Anne [surname unknown] but apparently died without issue; will proved 25 April 1681;
(8) Alexander Andrewes (d. 1695), of London; died unmarried and was buried at Southwark, 5 March 1694/5; will proved 27 February 1694/5.
He inherited the Lathbury Place estate from his father in 1625, and settled it on his eldest son in 1650.
He died in 1657 and was buried at Lathbury. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Andrewes, Sir Henry (1624-96), 1st bt.  Eldest surviving son of Sir William Andrewes (d. 1657), kt. and his wife Ann, daughter of Sir Thomas Temple of Stowe (Bucks), born 1624. He married 1st, 1650, Elizabeth, daughter of John Brown of Shingleton, Great Chart (Kent), and 2nd, 22 February 1662/3 at St Gregory by St Pauls, London, Elizabeth, widow of John Drew of Devizes (Wilts), and had issue:
(1) Margaret Andrewes (fl. late 17th cent.).
The Lathbury Place estate was settled on him by his father in 1650, and in 1656 he bought the other moiety of the manor of Lathbury.  At his death his property was left to his nephew, Henry Andrews (d. 1744).
He died in 1696 and was buried at Lathbury; his will was proved 24 September 1696. His second wife probably died c.1693-94.

Andrewes, Edward (d. 1690). Second surviving son of Sir William Andrewes (d. 1657), kt. and his wife Ann, daughter of Sir Thomas Temple of Stowe (Bucks).  He married, about November 1664 at Cottisford (Oxon), Anne, daughter of Thomas Grove of Buckingham and widow of John Hart and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Andrewes (c.1666-1722); married John Bromsall of Blunham (Beds) and had issue; died 2 May 1722;
(2) Henry Andrewes (1667-1744) (q.v.);
(3) Edward Andrewes (1669-1733); buried at Lathbury, 17 October 1733;
(4) John Andrewes (d. 1739); buried at Lathbury, 3 September 1739;
(5) Thomas Andrewes (1676-1732) (q.v.).
He was buried 1 April 1690.

Andrewes, Henry (1667-1744). Eldest son of Edward Andrewes (d. 1690) and his wife Ann Hart, born 1667. Educated at Inner Temple (admitted, 1690; called to bar, 1697); barrister at law; sheriff of Buckinghamshire, 1705. He married, 8 July 1697, Jane, daughter of George Cole of London and had issue:
(1) A son, who died in infancy;
(2) Elizabeth Andrewes (1700-64) (q.v.); 
(3) Anne Andrewes (b. 1703), baptised 10 August 1703; married, 23 June 1726 at Lathbury, Henry Harris of Winchester; probably died without issue before 1735;
(4) Jane Andrewes (1705-78), born 4 and baptised 19 December 1705; married, 22 July 1723 at St Nicholas Cole Abbey, London, Rev. William Symes (c.1691-1756) of Compton Martin (Somerset) and had issue a daughter, Jane Symes (c.1733-99) (q.v.); died in 1778; 
(5) Margaret Andrewes (b. 1708), baptised 23 October 1708; married Capt. Dallway (d. by 1747) of Carrickfergus, and had issue a daughter, Margaret Dallway (fl. 1799), who inherited a share in the Lathbury estate;
(6) Sophia Andrewes (1710-16), baptised 8 October 1710; died young and was buried at Lathbury, 2 May 1716.
He inherited the Lathbury Place estate from his uncle in 1696. At his death without male issue the estate passed to his eldest daughter and her husband.
He was buried 26 May 1744 and his will was proved the following day. His wife apparently predeceased him but her date of death is unknown.

Andrewes, Elizabeth (1700-64). Eldest daughter of Henry Andrewes (1667-1744) and his wife Jane, daughter of George Cole of London, baptised 26 September 1700.  She is said to have converted to Roman Catholicism (perhaps after the death of her husband) and to have gone to live in Rome.  She married Richard Uthwatt (1699-1749) of Rickmansworth (Herts), brother of Thomas Uthwatt of Great Linford Manor (Bucks).  They had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Uthwatt (b. 1726), baptised 22 December 1726; married [forename unknown] Sherwood, a Roman Catholic surgeon in London; moved to Rome with her mother;
(2) Henry Uthwatt (1728-57) (q.v.).
She inherited the Lathbury Place estate from her father in 1744, and settled it on her son in 1753. At his death in 1757 the estate reverted to her, and on her death she bequeathed it to her niece, Jane Symes.
She was buried at Lathbury, 7 April 1764. Her husband died in 1749.

Symes, Jane (c.1733-99). Only child of William Symes and his wife Jane, daughter of Henry Andrewes of Lathbury Place, born about 1733.  She was unmarried and without issue.
She inherited the Lathbury Place estate from her aunt, Elizabeth Uthwatt (1700-64).  At her death she bequeathed it partly to her cousin, Margaret Dallwey, and partly to her friend, Mansel Dawkins Mansel (d. 1822).
She died 30 April 1799 and was buried at Lathbury, 2 May 1799; her will was proved 22 May 1799.

Andrewes, Thomas (1676-1732), of London.  Youngest son of Edward Andrewes (d. 1690) and his wife Ann, daughter of Thomas Grove of Buckingham and widow of John Hart, born 1676. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Gurney and had issue:
(1) William Andrews (1720-60) (q.v.).
He died in November 1732.

Andrewes, William (1720-60), of Buckingham and Inner Temple. Only recorded child of Thomas Andrewes (1676-1732) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Gurney, born 1720. Educated at the Inner Temple (admitted 1732; called to bar, 1748); barrister-at-law. He married, 29 November 1750 at St Mary, Newington (Surrey), Hannah (fl. 1764), daughter of [forename unknown] Shellingford of Water Stratford (Bucks), farmer, and had issue:
(1) Temple Andrewes (b. 1754), born 14 March and baptised 11 April 1754; died unmarried before 1802;
(2) Henry Uthwatt Andrewes (later Uthwatt) (1755-1812) (q.v.);
(3) Frances Andrewes (b. 1756; d. by 1815), baptised 9 February 1756; died unmarried after 1802;
(4) Charlotte Andrewes (fl. 1815); married, 22 August 1783 at St. Andrew Holborn, London, William Bryant (d. 1844?) and had issue two sons and three daughters; died after 1815.
He died in September 1760; his will was proved 2 October 1760. His widow was living in Buckingham in 1764; she married 2nd, 28 July 1765 at St Dunstan-in-the-West, London, Benjamin Thomas of Buckingham and Middleton-on-the-Hill (Herefs), Marshal of the Marshalsea Prison, and had further issue a daughter (Henrietta Thomas, who married, 1793, Rev. James Long Hutton). She died 7 December 1802; her will was proved 23 December 1802.

Uthwatt (sometimes Andrewes-Uthwatt) family of Great Linford Manor


Pritchard alias Prichard, Sir William (c.1632-1705) of Great Linford Manor. Second son of Francis Prichard of Southwark, rope maker, and his wife Mary, daughter of Edward Eggleston, born about 1632. Apprenticed to a Southwark merchant taylor, 1647 and made free of the Merchant Taylors Company in London, 1655 (Master, 1673-74); he also continued his father's business at Eltham (Kent) and was a supplier of rope to the Ordnance office, from which he made a fortune in the 1660s; alderman of Common Council from 1672; sheriff of London, 1672; knighted, 1672; Lord Mayor of London, 1682, his election being hailed as a great victory for the Court party; MP for City of London, 1685-88, 1690-95, 1702-05. He served as a London assessment commissioner in 1673–80 and 1689–90, a London militia colonel in 1676–87, 1690–94, and 1702–5, a London lieutenancy commissioner in 1677–87, 1688–94, and 1702–5, as president of the Honourable Artillery Company in 1681–90 and 1703–5, and as president of St Bartholomew's Hospital, 1688-1705; he was one of the founding members of the Society for the Propogation of the Gospel and a governor of Highgate School, 1689-1705. He married, about 1669, Sarah, daughter of Francis Cook of Kingsthorpe (Northants) and had issue three sons and one daughter, who all predeceased him.
He acquired the manor house of Tower Place, Woolwich and sold it to the Crown in 1671. He purchased the Great Linford estate in 1683 for £19,500, and built a new house there in 1688-89. He also owned Lauderdale House, Highgate. At his death with surviving male heirs, his estates passed to his nephews, Richard Uthwatt (d. 1719) and Daniel King.
He died in London, 20 February 1704/5 and was buried at Great Linford, 1 March 1704/5; his will was proved 17 April 1705. His widow was buried at Great Linford, 6 May 1718. By their wills they founded and further endowed a school and almshouse at Great Linford.

Uthwatt, Richard (c.1658-1719). Son of John Uthwatt (d. 1692) of Deptford, and nephew of Sir William Pritchard, born 19 February and baptised 3 March 1658. He married Martha [surname unknown] (d. 1724) and had issue:
(1) John Uthwatt (c.1689-1712); died unmarried and without issue; buried 10 July 1712;
(2) Thomas Uthwatt (d. 1754) (q.v.);
(3) Richard Uthwatt (1699-1749) (q.v.).
He inherited a joint share in the Great Linford estate and Lauderdale House, Highgate from his uncle, Sir William Pritchard in 1705, and bought out his co-legatee.
He was buried at Great Linford, 12 December 1719.  His widow was buried in the same place, 23 May 1724.

Uthwatt, Thomas (d. 1754). Second son of Richard Uthwatt and his wife, born about 1690. High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire, 1726. Described as "a polite and accomplished gentleman" who had travelled through France and Italy as a young man; like his brother he enjoyed some reputation as an antiquarian. He married Catherine Dalton and had issue:
(1) Richard Uthwatt (d. 1720), died in infancy and was buried 15 October 1720;
(2) Catherine Uthwatt; married Matthew Knapp of Little Linford.
He inherited the Great Linford estate from his father in 1719.
He committed suicide by cutting his throat and was buried, 8 August 1754.

Uthwatt, Richard (1699-1749) of Rickmansworth.  Third son of Richard Uthwatt and his wife, born 1699. A writer on heraldry, horticulture and literary matters.  He married 1st, 22 June 1722, Mary (d. 1724), daughter of George Duncombe and widow of John Butler and 2nd, about 1725, Elizabeth (1700-64), daughter of Henry Andrewes of Lathbury (q.v.), and had issue:
(2.1) Elizabeth Uthwatt (b. 1726), baptised 22 December 1726; married [forename unknown] Sherwood, a Roman Catholic surgeon in London; moved to Rome with her mother;
(2.2) Henry Uthwatt (1728-57) (q.v.).
He died in 1749.  His first wife was buried at Shalford (Surrey), 4 March 1724; his widow was buried at Lathbury, 7 April 1764. 

Uthwatt, Henry (1728-57). Only son of Richard Uthwatt of Rickmansworth (Herts) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Andrewes (d. 1744) of Lathbury Place, baptised 20 July 1728. Sheriff of Buckinghamshire, 1757. He married, 12 June 1750 at Maids Moreton (Bucks), Frances (1728-1800), only daughter of Sir John Chester of Chicheley, but had no issue.
The Lathbury Place estate was settled on him by his mother in 1753, and he inherited a moiety of Great Linford Manor from his uncle in 1754. At his death the Linford estate passed to his wife for life and then to his cousin and godson, Henry Uthwatt Andrewes (1755-1812), while the Lathbury estate reverted to his mother.
He was buried at Lathbury 31 December 1757, where he is commemorated by a monument designed by Benjamin Palmer; his will was proved in the PCC, 7 January 1758. His widow was buried at Lathbury, 2 December 1800.

Andrewes (later Uthwatt), Henry Uthwatt (1755-1812). Second but only surviving son of William Andrewes (1720-60) and his wife Hannah Shellingford, born 18 August 1755. Educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge (admitted 1773; BA 1777). Ordained priest, 1789. Master of Blakesley (Northants) Grammar School, 1785; curate of Plumpton (Northants), 1789-1800. He changed his name to Uthwatt, 18 March 1803, as a condition of inheriting the Great Linford estate. He married, 10 March 1783, Judith (d. 1822), daughter of Thomas Yates of Culworth (Northants) and had issue:
(1) Henry Andrewes (later Uthwatt) (1787-1855); partner with his father in Uthwatt & Andrewes, bankers, of Great Linford; sheriff of Buckinghamshire, 1831; Col. of the Buckinghamshire militia; died unmarried, 29 December 1855;
(2) Rev.William Andrewes (later Uthwatt) (1793-1879), born 26 August 1793; educated at St John's College, Cambridge (matriculated 1812; BA 1816; MA 1819); ordained deacon, 1816 and priest, 1817; chaplain to Duke of Buckingham and rector of Lillingstone Dayrell (Bucks), 1832-48 and Maids Moreton, 1848-78; vicar of Stowe (Bucks), 1833-76; married, 1832, Mary (d. 1885), daughter of Rev. James Long Long of Thorpenstie Hall (Westmld), rector of Maids Moreton, and had issue one daughter (Mary Henrietta Turner Hutton Andrewes Andrewes Uthwatt (d. 1916) of Maids Moreton Manor); died 20 September 1879;
(3) George Andrewes (b. 1795); died unmarried at sea;
(4) Augustus Thomas Andrewes (later Uthwatt) (1798-1885); solicitor at Barnet (Middx) until 1835 but thereafter led a reclusive and mysterious life in Cornwall and the Liverpool area until he inherited the estate; he formed a relationship with (and sometimes claimed to have married) a Miss Manning and had two sons and three daughters by her; he died 13 February 1885; following his death there was a legal dispute between his eldest son and his nephew about succession to the estate, which was decided in favour of his nephew on the basis that all his children were in fact illegitimate;
(5) Edolf Andrewes Uthwatt (1805-82) (q.v.); 
(6) Rev. Eusebius Andrewes Uthwatt (1807-91) (q.v.);
(7) Juliet or Judith Andrewes (fl. 1812); married 1st, before 1812, [forename unknown] Robins and 2nd, Eduard, Vicomte de Langle of Callac de Bretagne;
(8) Mary Andrewes (fl. 1812);
(9) Margaret Dorothea Uthwatt (1801-60), baptised 28 May 1801; died unmarried, 20 November 1860; will proved 8 May 1861 (estate under £1,000).
He inherited the Great Linford estate from his cousin, Henry Uthwatt (d. 1757), on the expiration of the life interest of Frances Uthwatt in 1800.
He died 20 October 1812.  His widow died 7 November 1822.

Uthwatt, Edolf Andrewes (1805-82) of Stroud (Glos). Fourth son of Henry Uthwatt Andrewes (later Uthwatt) and his wife Judith, daughter of Thomas Yates of Culworth (Northants), born 14 August 1805.  He married 1st, Harriet Mabel (d. 1863), daughter of Henry Thornton of Stroud and 2nd, 12 July 1866, Anna Maria, daughter of Rev. Thomas Glascott of Rodborough, and had issue:
(2.1) William Francis Edolph Andrewes Uthwatt (1870-1921) (q.v.);
(2.2) Gerard Thomas Andrewes Uthwatt (b. 1872), born 30 May 1872; married, 2 June 1905, Gertrude Frederica, daughter of John Augustus Sheil Bouverie of Delapré Abbey (Northants), and had issue a daughter.
He died 28 January 1882.

Uthwatt, William Francis Edolph Andrewes (1870-1921) of Great Linford Manor. Elder son of Edolf Andrewes Uthwatt (1805-82) of Stroud, and his second wife, Anna Maria, daughter of Rev. Thomas Glascott of Rodborough, born 1870. He married, 1898 (div. 1913), Catherine Jane (1872-1965), daughter of John Augustus Sheil Bouverie of Delapré Abbey (Northants), and had issue:
(1) Maj. William Rupert Edolph Andrewes Uthwatt (later Uthwatt-Bouverie) (1899-1954) of Great Linford Manor; educated at Malvern and Royal Military College, Sandhurst; Major in Black Watch; Master of Buckinghamshire Otterhounds from 1924; married Mollie Adams and had issue; died 17 December 1954; will proved 25 March 1955 (estate £63,575);
(2) Amyas Gerard John Andrewes Uthwatt (b. 1900) of Delapré Abbey, born 27 January 1900;
(3) Kathleen Laura Andrewes Uthwatt (b. 1903), born 8 August 1903.
He inherited the Great Linford estate from his uncle in 1885. At his death they passed to his son, who sold the estate before his death in 1954. Major Uthwatt-Bouverie also inherited the Delapré Abbey estate from his aunt, Mary Bouverie in 1943, and sold this in 1944-48.
He died 5 July 1921; his will was proved 10 May 1922 (estate £51,982). His ex-wife married 2nd, 1914, Astley Paston Friend (d. 1944) of Amherst House, East Grinstead (Sussex) and died at Frampton Manor (Glos), 5 February 1965.

Uthwatt, Rev. Eusebius Andrewes (1807-91) of Middleton-on-the-Hill (Herefs) and the White House, Buckingham.  Sixth son of Rev. Henry Uthwatt Andrewes (later Uthwatt) and his wife Judith, daughter of Thomas Yates of Culworth (Northants), born 21 June 1807. Educated at St John's College, Cambridge (matriculated 1826; BA 1830); ordained deacon, 1832 and priest, 1833; rector of Foxcote (Bucks), 1843-86. He married, 25 July 1838, Jane Lucy (d. 1872), daughter of Rev. James Hutton Long of Maids Moreton (Bucks) and Thorpenstie Hall, and had issue:
(1) Thomas Andrewes Uthwatt (1846-1927) (q.v.);
(2) Henry Long Hutton Dawson Andrewes Uthwatt (1840-70), born 2 February 1840; educated at Oxford (BA); died unmarried, January 1870;
(3) Henrietta Ellen Hutton Dawson Uthwatt (d. 1911); married 6 January 1876, Sir Archibald Ava Campbell, 3rd bt. and had issue; died 15 August 1911;
(4) Jane Elizabeth Dawson Uthwatt;
(5) Henrietta Thomas Hutton Andrewes Uthwatt (d. 1910); died unmarried, 8 March 1910.
He inherited property at Middleton-on-the-Hill (Herefs) and Maids Moreton (Bucks) in right of his wife.
He died 26 August 1891.  His wife died 17 August 1872.

Uthwatt, Thomas Andrewes (1846-1927) of Middleton-on-the-Hill (Herefs) and Maids Moreton Manor (Bucks).  Elder son of Rev. Eusebius Andrewes Uthwatt (1807-91) and his wife Jane Lucy, daughter of Rev. James Hutton Long, born 15 August 1846. He married, 18 January 1875, Annie (d. 1928), daughter of William Hazlitt of Dunmow (Donegal) and had issue:
(1) Capt. Eusebius Andrewes Andrewes (1875-1954); served as Lt., 5th bttn, Northumberland Fusiliers and in Northamptonshire yeomanry; died unmarried, 15 March 1954; will proved 30 April 1954 (estate £548);
(2) Thomas Andrewes Uthwatt (1877-1904), born 9 May 1877; died unmarried, 24 December 1904;
(3) Rt. Hon. Sir Augustus Andrewes Uthwatt (1879-1949), Baron Uthwatt of Lathbury, born 25 April 1879; educated at Ballarat College, Trinity College, Melbourne, Balliol College, Oxford (BCL) and Grays Inn (admitted 1901; called to bar 1904; bencher 1927); barrister-at-law in Government service; a judge of Chancery division of the High Court 1941; knighted (KB) 1941; appointed a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary and a life peer, 9 January 1946 and sworn of the Privy Council, 1946; married, 6 August 1927, Mary Baxter, daughter of Rev. Charles Edwin Meeres and widow of [forename unknown] Bonhote, and had one adopted daughter; died 24 April 1949; will proved 5 September 1949 (estate £47,799);
(4) Ven. William Andrewes Uthwatt (1881-1952), born 14 June 1881; educated at Trinity College, Cambridge (BA 1903; MA 1915); ordained deacon, 1904 and priest, 1906; Archdeacon of the Solomon Islands, 1910-15; chaplain to the Forces, 1915-19; vicar of St Luke, Derby, 1920-26, Bottisham (Cambs), 1926-36 and Diddington (Hunts), 1936-47; Archdeacon of Huntingdon, 1943-47; died 23 June 1952; will proved 1 September 1952 (estate £11,701); 
(5) Rev. Henry Andrewes Uthwatt (1883-1932), born 9 June 1883; educated at Cambridge (BA); vicar of Great Linford; married, 1922, Victoria Louise Coghill Hamilton; died 29 August 1932; will proved 24 October 1932 (estate £3,156);
(6) Louis Andrewes Uthwatt (1885-1936), born 31 October 1885; served in army from 1905 (Lt., 3rd bttn, East Kent Regiment; during WW1 Capt. in Northamptonshire Regiment); married, 14 August 1924, Diana Beatrice Daly (b. 1901); died without issue, 24 September 1936; will proved 28 December 1936 (estate £775).
He lived at Ballarat, Victoria (Australia) in the 1870s and 1880s, but apparently returned to England after inheriting his father's property at Middleton-on-the-Hill and Maids Moreton in 1891.
He died 14 June 1927; his will was proved 6 October and 7 November 1927 (estate £40,027). His widow died 4 November 1928; her will was proved 15 March 1929 (estate £14,696).

Sources

Burke's Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies, 1841, p.12; Burke's Landed Gentry, 1924, p. 1797; G. Lipscomb, History and antiquities of the county of Buckingham, vol. 4, 1847, p. 223; Reynolds Newspaper, 15 August 1886, p.1; O. Ratcliff, History and antiquities of the Newport Pagnell hundreds, 1900, pp. 207-15; W. H. Rylands (ed.), The Visitation of the County of Buckingham made in 1634, Harleian Society, 53, 1909, pp. 3-4; VCH Buckinghamshire, vol. 4, 1927, pp. 372-79; Sir N. Pevsner & E. Williamson, The buildings of England: Buckinghamshire, 1994, p. 425; J. Broadway, R. Cust and S. K. Roberts (eds.), A Calendar of the Docquets of Lord Keeper Coventry, 1625-40 (List and Index Society, special series 35, 2004), part 2, p. 362; ODNB entry on Sir William Pritchard; catalogue of the papers of the Andrewes and Uthwatt families at Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies.


Location of archives


Andrewes and Uthwatt families of Lathbury: deeds and family settlements, 1303-1922 [Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies, D-U]


Coat of arms


Andrewes: Argent, on a bend cottised sable, three mullions of the field.
Uthwatt: Argent, on a bend cottised sable, three mullions pierced of the field.

Sunday, 31 August 2014

(138) Andrews alias Andrew of Charwelton, Winwick, Harlestone and Denton, baronets

Andrew(s) family of Denton, baronets
The Andrew family seem to be of great antiquity in Northamptonshire, although the genealogies recorded for generations before the late 15th century are probably not very accurate.  The family name is normally recorded as Andrew, but the usage varied with individuals and is also commonly given as Andrewes and Andrews, and the baronets seem often to have used the plural form.  

In this account I have traced the family from Thomas Andrew (d. 1530) of Charwelton, who married twice.  The eldest son by his first wife, Thomas Andrew (d. 1541), inherited the Charwelton estate, while the eldest son of his second wife, Richard Andrew (c.1496-1539), was given one of the manors of Harlestone, which Thomas senior had bought in 1500. From these two sons sprang the two main lines of the family. The Harlestone estate descended from father to son through five generations, down to Robert Andrew (d. 1674).  In the Civil War they were strong Calvinists and Parliamentarians, and Thomas Andrew (c.1645-1722), the nephew who inherited in 1674, was a Whig MP for Higham Ferrers and later for Northampton. The line ended, however, with Robert Andrew (d. 1739), who rebuilt the house in the 1720s in the manner of Francis Smith, but died childless, leaving the house to his infant godson, a descendant of the Charwelton branch of the family.

Thomas Andrew (d. 1541) of Charwelton was succeeded by his son, Sir Thomas Andrew (d. 1564), who like his grandfather married twice, and confusingly christened the eldest son of both his marriages Thomas.  The elder, Thomas Andrew (c.1541-94), inherited the Charwelton estate and also Winwick Manor, which his father bought, and where he built a new manor house in the 1560s which became his principal seat.  The two estates passed to his son, Sir Eusebius Andrew (c.1579-1619), who sold Winwick in the 1610s, and Charwelton descended to his son, Edward Andrew (fl. 1646), who however sold it before the Civil War. 

The other Thomas Andrew (d. 1609) inherited property at Longdon (Worcs) and also the manor of Ilmington (Warks) which his father had bought in 1550.  It is not clear what happened to the Longdon property, but Ilmington passed to his son, Sir John Andrew alias Andrewes (fl. 1603-49), who sold it in 1615 and lived mainly in London. This branch of the family seem to have been Roman Catholics, and were fined at intervals for their recusancy. Sir John's first wife brought him an estate at Creaton (Northants) which for three generations, down to John Andrew (1698-1766) was the core property of his descendants. In 1739, however, Robert Andrew (d. 1739) of Harlestone bequeathed the much grander Harlestone estate to John's infant son, Robert Andrew (c.1739-1807), and in 1753 John himself bought the other main manor of Harlestone to extend and consolidate the estate. When Robert came of age he further improved the property, conducting enclosures at Creaton in 1783 and Great Addington in 1806. His son, Robert Andrew (1770-1831) was already a childless widower when he inherited the estate, but he immediately embarked on a substantial remodelling of the house at Harlestone and the laying out of the grounds to designs by Humphry Repton: perhaps he had thoughts of attracting a second wife? The works at Harlestone are perhaps one sign of an extravagant lifestyle, but at all events his debts grew rapidly. By the mid 1820s they amounted to £85,000 and were becoming impossible to service.  Accordingly, in 1824 he vested all his estates in his brother-in-law as a trustee for their sale. An initial sale of land at Crick realised some £15,000 but in 1829 the decision was taken to sell Harlestone itself. After protracted negotiations, a price of £135,000 was agreed for the estate with Earl Spencer, whose Althorp estate was closely adjacent. Robert Andrew died before the sale went through, but it was completed after his death, ending the family's long record as Northamptonshire landowners.

A younger son of Robert Andrew (c.1543-1604) of Harlestone, Sir William Andrew (1577-1649), was created a baronet in 1641.  He married into property at Denton (Northants), and despite being a Roman Catholic became a benefactor of the church there.  Two of his sons in turn inherited the baronetcy, and there is a story to the effect that three more were killed fighting for the King at the battle of Worcester, although this seems not credible.  What is certain is that two of the daughters of Sir William Andrew (c.1620-84), 3rd bt., became nuns at Bruges, while another married into the leading Catholic family, the Petres.  The 1st, 2nd and 3rd baronets perhaps lived chiefly in London, but Sir Francis Andrew(s) (d. 1759), the 4th bt., gradually built up scattered estates at Pudding Norton (Norfolk), Hildersham (Cambs) and Rotherthorpe (Northants) by a combination of inheritance and purchase. He lived to a great age, perhaps over 90, but when he finally died his only surviving son was a lunatic and unfit to control property. He accordingly left his estates to his elder daughter, Bridget (c.1698-1783), the wife of Philip Southcote of Wooburn Farm, between Chertsey and Weybridge.  Philip was himself from an Essex family with a proud Catholic heritage, but is known to posterity as one of the creators of the ferme ornée, exemplified in the grounds at Wooburn Farm.  He died in 1758 and left the estate to Bridget, who carefully preserved it until her own death, when Wooburn Farm and the Andrew estates were left to her kinsman, the 9th Lord Petre.  The baronetcy expired with the death of her lunatic brother, Sir William Andrew, 5th bt., in 1804.


Charwelton Manor House, Northamptonshire


Charwelton Manor House (also known as Church House and Charwelton House), about 1897. Image: English Heritage

The house stands in an isolated position adjoining the parish church, but the surrounding fields are filled with the humps and bumps of a deserted village, cleared away in the late 15th century when the manor was turned over to sheep-farming, and of a set of fishponds fed from the nearby River Cherwell. The present manor house is an attractive early 18th century ironstone building with a front of five bays and two storeys and a hipped roof. The placing of two ranges of outbuildings at right-angles to and either side of the facade give the fortuitous appearance of a Palladian composition.  Inside, a good deal has been re-used from the predecessor house, including early 16th century panelling with the initials and coat of arms of Sir Thomas Andrew and his wife Katharine (d. 1555), and a fine frieze with fantastic beasts and hunting scenes. The back-stairs have serpentine splat-balusters and are probably early 17th century.  The 18th century main staircase stands in a stone-flagged staircase hall and has carved tread-ends and a wreathed and ramped handrail, and the drawing room has 18th century panelling with fluted Doric pilasters.  The house was used as the rectory by several generations of the Knightley family, who were squarsons here for well over a century.

Descent: Thomas Andrew (d. 1530); to son, Thomas Andrew (d. 1541); to son, Sir Thomas Andrew (d. 1564); to son, Thomas Andrew (c.1541-94); to son, Eusebius Andrews (c.1579- 1619); sold after his death to John Ball of Hellidon...Rev. Richard Knightley (c.1703-77); to son, Rev. Giles Knightley (c.1732-1804); to son, Rev. Thomas Knightley (c.1756-1805)...to Rev. Sir Valentine Knightley (1812-98), 4th bt.


Winwick Manor House, Northamptonshire


A new manor house at Winwick was perhaps first planned by Sir Thomas Andrews (d. 1564), whose will mentions 'timbers, bricks and stones' at Winwick, and was no doubt completed by his son Thomas Andrews (c.1541-94), who was living at Winwick by 1574 and possibly by 1569.  
Winwick Manor House from the outer court. Image: Tim Heaton. Licenced under this Creative Commons licence.

The house stands at the top of a gentle valley north of the church.  The entrance front faced south-west and had a long sloping forecourt with a narrow stable range on one side, connected to the house by a diapered brick wall; a similar brick wall on the other side of the court may be the front wall of a demolished service range.  The forecourt is divided into inner and outer courts by a wall with a rather rustic triumphal archway in the middle: this consists of a single arched opening flanked by pairs of widely-spaced Doric columns supporting a frieze and a central semicircular pediment.  


Winwick Manor House: the gateway dividing the inner and outer courts.

The house itself is built of diapered brickwork with stone dressings, and consists of two storeys with attics; the mullioned windows have arched lights with four-centred heads and there are brick relieving arches above the ground-floor windows.  The plan was originally H-shaped, with a central hall between two gabled cross-wings and gabled projections in the angles between the hall and wings which formed the porch (on the right) and the hall oriel window: a similar arrangement was found at (e.g.) Pytchley Hall and Brockhall in Northamptonshire and Stanton Court in Gloucestershire.  


Winwick Manor House in 2011.

Only the left-hand side of the Tudor house now survives. The cross-wing originally had two rooms on each floor, the front rooms being the parlour and great chamber, and there was a staircase (now removed) in a small block that projects into the garden on the side of this range.  The present main stair is early 17th century and rises from ground floor to attic: it has splat balusters in the form of Ionic pilasters. In the late 17th century the dais at the upper end of the hall was removed and the rooms on the ground floor of the cross-wing were altered to match it, with lowered floors and window-sills, although the fireplaces were not adjusted. The right-hand, service end of the house, including the porch and screens passage, was demolished in the later 18th century, and a new brick gable and chimneystack were erected on the line of the former screen. Probably at the same time the putative service range in the courtyard was also taken down. Finally, in the early 20th century the house was expanded again, with new service rooms built by J.H. Liddington of Rugby in 1913, a large extension to the south-east designed by P.H. Morley-Horder in 1926, keeping in keeping with the style of the original building, and a further extension in 1937. 


Winwick Manor House: the rear of the Tudor house and the 1926 extension.

In the early 1980s, the house was divided into two dwellings. There is a fine aerial photograph of the house and its setting in 1946.

Descent: Thomas Andrews (d. 1564); to son, Thomas Andrews (c.1541-94); to son, Eusebius Andrews (c.1579-1619); to brother-in-law, Seymour Knightley, who sold before 1635 to John, Lord Craven of Ryton (1610-48); to brother, William, Lord Craven; to cousin, Sir William Craven (c.1634-1707)... Capt. Geoffrey Stewart (fl. 1913); sold to Eric Brand Butler-Henderson (fl. 1926); sold to George Hooton Spencer (fl. 1937)...


Harlestone House, Northamptonshire


The parish of Harlestone was divided into two main manorial properties - perhaps corresponding to the separate villages of Upper and Lower Harlestone. The Andrews family acquired one of the manors as early as 1500, direct from its medieval possessors, the Lumleys; the second manor, known as the Bulmer manor from its medieval owners, passed to the Dyve family of Bromham (Beds), was sold during the Civil War, and was bought by John Andrew in 1753. 


Harlestone Park before improvements: sketch after Repton from Loudon's collection of Repton's writings


Harlestone Hall, from an engraving of 1850.

Nothing is known of the Andrews family house here until it was rebuilt in the early 18th century. It seems probable that the builder was Robert Andrews, who inherited in 1722 and died in 1739, since when the house was demolished a carved board dated 1728 was found. As first built the house was a three-storey seven bay building very much in the manner of Francis Smith, with giant pilasters framing the centre and at the angles, and supporting a tall attic, although curiously Andor Gomme does not consider the house for inclusion in the Smith canon.  By 1808 a two-storey wing had been added to the right of the main facade, and it seems likely this was the 'new building adjoining my mansion house' referred to in the will of Robert Andrews (d. 1807), written in 1792.  To the left of the house, and detached from it, stood an older gabled building, which was perhaps part of the previous house.


Harlestone House, from an early photograph, with the Repton lake and bridge in the foreground.

All this was altered by Humphry Repton and his son, John Adey Repton, who were working at Harlestone between 1808 and 1811.  No 'Red Book' is known for this commission, but a plan and elevation and some individual design proposals are amongst the Andrew family papers at Northamptonshire Record Office and in the Getty Research Institute. The house was altered by the addition of a full-height canted bay window to the centre of the main block; the attic storey was replaced by a more modest parapet, and the right-hand wing was balanced by the addition of a two-storey wing on the left.  At the same time, a new stable block was built and the grounds were altered, with an existing formal canal being converted into a new lake by the construction of a new bridge-dam.  Later in the 19th century a large conservatory was added to the left-hand end of the house.  

Most unfortunately the house was demolished in 1939 and its site is now occupied by a golf club built in 1990.  The stables survive, and are an unusually impressive composition, with a grand front designed to be seen across the park.  The corner pavilions have pyramidal roofs and the entrance archway has Tuscan columns and a pediment.  Of Repton's landscape layout the lake and bridge survive, but the feel of the parkland was lost when it became a golf course.

Descent: Thomas Andrew (d. 1530); to son, Richard or Edward Andrew (d. 1539); to son, Richard Andrew (d. 1558); to son, Robert Andrew (c.1543-1608); to son, Thomas Andrew (1572-1651); to son, Robert Andrew (1605-67); to son Robert Andrew (d. 1674); to nephew, Thomas Andrew MP (d. 1722); to son, Robert Andrew (d. 1739); to distant kinsman, John Andrew of Creaton (1698-1756); to son, Robert Andrew (d. 1807); to son, Robert Andrew (1770-1831); sold after his death to John Charles Spencer (1782-1845), 3rd Earl Spencer; to brother, Frederick Spencer (1798-1857), 4th Earl Spencer; to son, John Poyntz Spencer (1835-1910), 5th Earl Spencer; to son, Charles Robert Spencer (1857-1922), 6th Earl Spencer, who leased to Marie Anne Louise, Dowager Duchess of Grafton (1833-1928), widow of the 6th Duke of Grafton (1819-82); demolished 1939.


Pudding Norton Hall, Norfolk


Pudding Norton Hall, drawn by Emma Browne, 1845. Image: Michele Muhlinghaus

In origin, this is the 17th century manor house of the Paris family, who were resident from 1576 to 1698, but it was apparently rebuilt in the 18th century and extensively altered in the 19th century; only one brick chimneystack on the north side now shows 17th century work, although one of the ground-floor rooms also has moulded ceiling beams and some reused panelling. The 18th century house is recorded in a drawing of 1845, and appears to have been much the same size as the present building, with a five bay, three storey front, and the end bays projecting slightly, as now. In 1807 it was said to comprise a spacious hall, two parlours, a study, kitchen, good bedrooms and service accommodation, and already had the avenue of lime trees which is such a prominent feature of the 1845 view.


Pudding Norton Hall, 2009. Image: Belinda Evans

By 1884 it had apparently assumed its present appearance, as a stuccoed brick building of two-and-a-half storeys, with a tall hipped roof of glazed black pantiles studded with lower dormers, and with the central three bays recessed.  The slightly ungainly tripartite bay windows on the wings and the rather tightly arched eyebrow pediments over the first floor windows in the wings suggest a date in the 1870s or early 1880s.  The house was used as a farmhouse for much of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Descent: sold 1576 to Ferdinando Paris of Little Linton (Cambs); to son, Peter Paris (d. c.1616); to son, Charles Paris (d. c.1664); to brother, John Paris; to widow, Ann, later wife of Sir Joseph Coulston MD; to co-heirs, of whom Sir Francis Andrews (d. 1759), 4th bt. bought out the others c.1698; to daughter, Bridget Andrews (c.1698-1783), wife of Philip Southcote (1698-1758) of Wooburn Farm, Weybridge (Surrey); to kinsman, Robert Edward Petre (1742-1801), 9th Baron Petre...A.G. Wright (fl. 1810); Mr Wright-Biddulph (fl. 1841); sold 1841 to Mrs. Browne (fl. 1848)... Leonard Sooby (fl. 1855-57); sold 1863 to John Spurrell (fl. 1864-70); George Edgar Smith (d. 1884)...J.T. Thistleton-Smith (fl. 1927-38)...Lt-Col. E.B. Thistleton-Smith (fl. 1954)


Andrew alias Andrews family of Harlestone



Andrew, Thomas (d. 1530) of Charwelton and Harlestone. Son of Thomas Andrew of Sawbridge (Warks) and Charwelton and his wife Joan, daughter of Richard Clarell of Edgcote (Northants). Sheriff of Northamptonshire, 1502. He married 1st, Emma (d. 1490), daughter of Richard Knightley of Fawsley (Northants) and 2nd, 1495, Elizabeth, daughter of John Pulteney and sister of Sir Thomas Pulteney of Misterton (Leics), and had issue:
(1.1) Thomas Andrew (d. 1541) of Charwelton [see below, Andrew family of Charwelton];
(1.2) Richard Andrew; granted Thorney manor in Charwelton at Dissolution of the Monasteries but died without issue;
(1.3) Jane Andrew (fl. 1540); married [forename unknown] Spurryer;
(1.4) Anne Andrew (fl. 1540); married George Smythe of Eldon (Northants);
(1.5) Margaret Andrew; married [forename unknown] Spurrye or Spurryer;
(1.6) Mary Andrew; married Thomas Arderne (d. 1563) of Park Hall, Castle Bromwich (Warks) and had issue five sons and four daughters;
(2.1) Richard Andrew (d. 1539) of Harlestone (q.v.);
(2.2) William Andrew; married [forename unknown] Knight of Muskett and had issue one son and two daughters;
(2.3) George Andrew; married 1st, Alice Hitchins, and had issue four sons and two daughters; married 2nd, Mary Maney and had issue one son;
(2.4) Anthony Andrew (k/a Andrew Whitefoot); married Anne, daughter of Rafe Colet and niece of John Colet, Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral, London, and had issue one son;
(2.5) James Andrews;
(2.6) Ellen Andrews;
(2.7) Francis Andrews;
(2.8) Henry Andrews;
(2.9) Robert Andrews.
He inherited the Charwelton estate from his father in 1496 and purchased Harleston in 1500.
He died in 1530. His first wife died 11 April 1490.

Andrew, Richard (c.1496-1539) of Harlestone. Eldest son of Thomas Andrew (d. 1530) and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Poulteney, born about 1496.  He married, 1517, Catherine, daughter of Richard Belgrave of Belgrave (Leics) and had issue:
(1) Richard Andrew (d. 1558) (q.v.);
(2) William Andrew;
(3) Henry Andrew;
(4) Francis Andrew;
(5) George Andrew;
(6) Ursula Andrew;
(7) Dorothy Andrew;
(8) Emma Andrew.
He appears to have been given the Harlestone estate in his father's lifetime.
He died in 1539.

Andrew, Richard (c.1518-58) of Harlestone. Eldest son of Richard Andrew (d. 1539) and his wife Catherine, daughter of Richard Belgrave of Belgrave (Leics), born about 1518. He married, 1537, Anne, daughter of Peter Coles of Preston Capes (Northants), and had issue:
(1) Robert Andrew (c.1543-1604) (q.v.);
(2) George Andrew (d. 1625);
(3) William Andrew (fl. 1594); married, 2 September 1594, Frances, daughter of George Belgrave of Belgrave (Leics);
(4) Jane Andrew.
He inherited the Harlestone estate from his father in 1539.
He died 8 September 1558.

Andrew, Robert (c.1543-1604) of Harlestone. Eldest son of Richard Andrew (c.1518-58) of Harlestone and his wife Anne, daughter of Peter Coles of Preston Capes (Northants), born about 1543. He married, 1565, Elizabeth (c.1548-1595), daughter of William Gent of Norton-juxta-Daventry (Northants), esq., and had issue:
(1) Thomas Andrew (1572-1651) (q.v.);
(2) Alice Andrew (b. 1574), baptised 28 April 1574; married Francis Duffield of Medmenham (Bucks) and had issue;
(3) Elizabeth Andrew (b. 1575), baptised 26 December 1575; married, 11 June 1598, Leonard or Edward Symeon of Pyrton and had issue; died before 1649;
(4) Sir William Andrew (1577-1649), 1st bt. [see below, Andrews family of Denton];
(5) Richard Andrew (1579-1654) of London and Thorp Underwood (Northants), baptised 26 December 1579; married Elizabeth, daughter of William Chambre of London, gent. and had issue; died 6 July 1654 and was buried at Rothwell (Northants);
(6) Anne Andrew (b. c.1580), baptised 29 January 1580/1; married 4 February 1604/5 Sir William Wilmer (d. 1640) of Sywell (Northants); died 11 January 1635/6 and was buried at Sywell;
(7) Anthony Andrew (1582-83), baptised 2 June 1582; died in infancy and was buried 17 August 1583.
He inherited the Harlestone estate from his father in 1558.
He died 25 January 1603/4. His wife died 8 August 1595.

Andrew, Thomas (1572-1651) of Harlestone. Eldest son of Robert Andrew (c.1543-1604) of Harlestone and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Gent of Norton, esq., baptised 13 December 1572. He married Dorothy (d. 1617), daughter of Robert Wilmer of Sywell, and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Andrew (b. 1604), baptised 18 March 1603/4; married, 24 January 1619/20, Thomas Chibnell (fl. 1649) of Orlingbury (Northants), gent.; died before 1649;
(2) Robert Andrew (1605-67) (q.v.);
(3) William Andrew (b. 1606; fl. 1649), baptised 16 October 1606; farmer at Lamport (Northants); living in 1649;
(4) Anne Andrew (b. 1609; fl. 1649), baptised 1 May 1609; married, 24 April 1627, William Preston (fl. 1649) of Childwick (Herts), gent.;
(5) Alice Andrew (b. 1610; d. before 1649), baptised 12 August 1610; married 26 May 1629, Augustin Nicholls (d. before 1649) of Tilton (Leics), gent.;
(6) Dorothy Andrew (b. & d. 1611), baptised 27 September 1611; died in infancy;
(7) Richard Andrew (c.1612-14), baptised 17 January 1612/3; died young and was buried 18 November 1614;
(8) Dorothy Andrew (b. 1615; d. before 1649), baptised 12 November 1615; married, 24 September 1672, Richard Duncombe (fl. 1649), gent. and had issue four children.
He inherited the Harlestone estate from his father in 1604.
He was buried 22 January 1650/1. His wife was buried 16 December 1617.

Andrew, Robert (1605-67) of Harlestone.  Eldest son of Thomas Andrew (1572-1651) of Harlestone and his wife Dorothy, daughter of Robert Wilmer of Sywell, baptised 19 May 1605.  A strong Calvinist and supporter of the Parliamentarian cause; sheriff of Northamptonshire, 1654-55. He married and had issue:
(1) Robert Andrew (d. 1674) (q.v.);
(2) William Andrew (d. 1675) (q.v.).
He inherited the Harlestone estate from his father in 1651.
He died in 1667 and was commemorated by a monument in Harlestone church, of which a portrait bust still survives.

Andrew, Robert (d. 1674) of Harlestone. Elder son of Robert Andrew (1605-67) of Harlestone and his wife. Sheriff of Northamptonshire, 1668-69. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited the Harlestone estate from his father in 1667.  At his death it passed to his nephew, Thomas Andrew.
He was buried 4 March 1673/4.

Andrew, William (d. 1675) of Great Addington. Second son of Robert Andrew (1605-67) of Harlestone and his wife.  A farmer at Great Addington. He married and had issue, perhaps among others:
(1) Thomas Andrew (c.1645-1722) (q.v.).
He was buried 15 December 1675.

Andrew, Thomas (c.1645-1722) of Harlestone. Only son of William Andrew (d. 1675) of Great Addington, born about 1645.  Educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge (admitted 1662) and Middle Temple (admitted 1675). JP for Northamptonshire, 1680-85, 1687-1722; DL for the county, 1687-1722; Commissioner for the rebuilding of Northampton after a fire, 1675; Sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1687-88, Mar-Nov, 1689. MP for Higham Ferrers, 1689-98, Northampton 1701-02; Steward of the Honour of Higham Ferrers, 1701-02. He married, 1 March 1665/6, Anne (d. 1678), daughter of Richard Kynneston or Kynnesman of Broughton (Northants), and had issue:
(1) Robert Andrew (d. 1739);
(2) Thomas Andrew; died in infancy;
(3) Anne Andrew (d. 1710); buried September 1710;
(4) Dorothy Andrew (d. before 1722); married John Stokes and had issue; died before 1722.
He inherited the Harlestone estate from his uncle in 1674 and his father's property at Great Addington in 1675.
He was buried at Harlestone, 19 October 1722, and was commemorated by a monument there; his will was proved 1 February 1722/3.  His wife was buried 2 February 1677/8.

Andrew, Robert (d. 1739) of Harlestone. Only surviving son of Thomas Andrew (c.1645-1722) of Harlestone and his wife Anne, daughter of Richard Kynneston of Broughton (Northants). He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited the Harlestone estate from his father in 1722 and appears to have built a new house there about 1728.  At his death the estate was bequeathed to his godson, Robert Andrew, son of John Andrew of Creaton.
He died 7 July 1739 and was commemorated on his father's monument at Harlestone church.


Andrew alias Andrews family of Charwelton and later Harlestone



Andrew, Thomas (d. 1541) of Charwelton. Elder son of Thomas Andrew (d. 1530) and his first wife, Emma Knightley (d. 1490), probably born about 1480.  He married Agnes, daughter of Robert Newport of Sandon (Herts), and had issue:
(1) Sir Thomas Andrew (d. 1564) (q.v.);
(2) Rev. Nicholas Andrew (fl. 1540), rector of Charwelton, 1530-37; married 1st, Isabel, daughter of Richard Marriott of Towcester (Northants) and had issue one daughter; married 2nd, Margaret, daughter of [forename unknown] Ball and widow of [forename unknown] Browne of Northampton, and had issue one son; 
(3) Anthony Andrew (fl. 1540); married [forename unknown], daughter of Richard Andrew of [Herewton?] (Oxon) and had issue six sons and one daughter;
(4) Edmund Andrew (fl. 1540); married Prudence, daughter of John Knowles and had issue two sons and six daughters;
(5) George Andrew (fl. 1540);
(6) Anne Andrew (fl. 1540); married [forename unknown] Brown and had issue;
(7) Dorothy Andrew; married [forename unknown] Brown of Leire (Leics);
(8) Ursula Andrew; married Thomas Bushell (d. 1558) of Long Marston (Glos, now Warks) and had issue; probably dead before 1540.
He inherited the Charwelton estate from his father in 1530.
He died 2 July 1541 and was buried at Charwelton; his will was proved 2 September 1541. By his will he provided for the chancel and chapel of St Anne in Charwelton church to be enlarged and re-roofed. His wife was also buried at Charwelton.

Andrew, Sir Thomas (d. 1564), kt. of Charwelton. Eldest son of Thomas Andrew (d. 1541) of Charwelton and his wife Agnes, daughter of Robert Newport of Sandon (Herts).  Sheriff of Northamptonshire, 1556. Knighted 2 October 1553. He married 1st, Katharine (d. 1555), daughter of Edward Cave, and 2nd, Mary (fl. 1563), daughter of John Heneage of Towse (Northants) and widow of Erasmus Cope, and had issue:
(1.1) Thomas Andrew (c.1541-94) (q.v.);
(1.2) Roger Andrew (fl. 1563) of Pebworth (Glos); married Magdalen, daughter of William Box of London and had issue a son;
(1.3) Edward Andrew (fl. 1563) of West Haddon (Northants);
(1.4) John Andrew; died without issue before 1563;
(1.5) Anne Andrew (fl. 1563); Valentine Pigott of Loughton;
(1.6) Audrey Andrew; died without issue before 1563;
(1.7) Dorothy Andrew; died without issue before 1563;
(1.8) Ursula Andrew (fl. 1563); married 1st, June 1583, Thomas Hesilrigge (d. 1600) of Noseley and 2nd, Robert Forest of Huntingdonshire;
(2.1) Thomas Andrew (d. 1609) of Longdon (Worcs) (q.v.);
(2.2) Mary Andrew (fl. 1563); married Sir William Lane (d. 1615);
(2.3) Valentine Andrew; probably died young before 1563;
(2.4) Simon Andrew (fl. 1563);
(2.5) Richard Andrew (fl. 1563);
(2.6) Katherine Andrew (fl. 1563).
He inherited the Charwelton estate from his father in 1541, and bought the manor of Ilmington (Warks) in 1550.
He died 1 February 1563/4 and was buried at Charwelton, 8 February 1563/4; his will was proved 19 May 1564.  His first wife died 18 August 1555. His widow married 3rd, Sir Robert Lane.

Andrew, Thomas (c.1541-94) of Winwick Manor. Eldest son of Sir Thomas Andrew (d. 1564) of Charwelton and his first wife, Katharine, daughter of Edward Cave, born about 1541. Sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1568 and 1586, in which capacity he attended the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots at Fotheringhay, and was reputedly given a crucifix by the Queen.  He married 1st, Frances (d. 1568), daughter of Sir John Cotton of Lanwade (Cambs) and 2nd, Mary (d. 1589), daughter of Gregory Isham of Braunston, and had issue:
(2.1) Mary Andrew; married, 30 October 1593, Edward Shuckburgh of Naseby;
(2.2) Samuel Andrew; died without issue;
(2.3) Sir Eusebius Andrew (c.1579-1619) (q.v.);
(2.4) John Andrew (fl. 1622) of Yelvertoft (Northants); married Mary Love of Leicester and had issue three sons and three daughters;
(2.5) Anne Andrew (b. & d. 1581), baptised 16 April and buried 5 October 1581;
(2.6) Elizabeth Andrew (b. 1582), baptised 25 April 1582; married Anthony Watson of Liddington;
(2.7) Nathaniel Andrew (b. 1583), baptised 15 August 1583; married Elizabeth Smith of Yorkshire and had issue one daughter;
(2.8) Susanna Andrew; married Thomas or William Purefoy of Barwell (Leics);
(2.9) Sarah Andrew (b. 1587), baptised 25 December 1587; married Richard Onley (d. 1622) of Staverton;
(2.10) Anne Andrew; died without issue;
(2.11) Sorrowson Andrew (fl. 1618) of London;
(2.12) Thomas Andrew (fl. 1618).
He inherited the Charwelton and Winwick estates from his father in 1564.
He was buried at Winwick 23 May 1594. His first wife died without issue, 12 January 1567/8. His second wife died 4 April 1589.

Andrew, Sir Eusebius (c.1579-1619), kt. of Winwick Manor. Third? son of Thomas Andrew (c.1541-94) and his second wife Mary, daughter of Gregory Isham of Braunston, born about 1579.  Knighted 11 May 1603. He married Anne (b. 1584), daughter of Sir Richard Knightley of Fawsley (Northants) and had issue:
(1) Frances Andrew (b. 1603; fl. 1633), born 12 November 1603; 
(2) Eusebius Andrew (b. 1606), baptised 20 December 1606; probably died young;
(3) Edward Andrew (b. 1608; fl. 1646), baptised 13 September 1608; inherited the Charwelton estate from his father but later sold it and lived at Grandborough (Warks); probably died unmarried and without issue;
(4) John Andrew (b. 1610), born 7 February 1610;
(5) Thomas Andrew (b. 1611), born 13 November 1611;
(6) Margaret Andrew (b. 1613), born 7 September 1613;
(7) Elizabeth Andrew (b. c.1616), baptised 13 February 1615/6; died in infancy;
(8) Seymour Andrew (b. 1618), baptised 30 June 1618; probably died in infancy;
(9) Anne Andrew (fl. 1630).
He inherited the Charwelton and Winwick estates from his father in 1594. He sold Winwick to his brother-in-law, Seymour Knightley. Charwelton passed to his eldest son and was later sold.
He died 31 July 1619. 

Andrew, Thomas (d. 1609) of Longdon (Worcs) and Ilmington (Warks). Eldest son of Sir Thomas Andrew (d. 1564) of Charwelton and his second wife, Mary, daughter of John Heneage of Towse and widow of Erasmus Cope. He was probably a recusant, and his wife was presented for being one in 1609. He married Jane, daughter of Richard Cassey of Wightfield Manor, Deerhurst (Glos) and had issue, possibly among others:
(1) Sir John Andrew (fl. 1603-49) of London (q.v.). 
He inherited the manor of Ilmington from his father in 1564.
He died in 1609.

Andrew(es), Sir John (fl. 1603-49), kt. of London. Only known son of Thomas Andrew (fl. c.1600) of Longdon and his wife Jane, daughter of Richard Casey of Whitfield (Glos), probably born about 1575.  He was knighted at Theobalds, 1 February 1608/9 and fined for recusancy, 1610. He married 1st, about September 1603, Anne (d. 1621), daughter and co-heir of John Reade of Cottesbrooke and Creaton (Northants) and 2nd, Mary (d. 1649), daughter of Thomas Pigott and widow of Sir Francis Prynce (d. 1615), and had issue:
(1.1) Thomas Andrew (d. 1681) of Creaton;
(1.2) Erasmus Andrew;
(1.3) John Andrew;
(1.4) Edward Andrew;
(1.5) Frances Andrew;
(1.6) Sarah Andrew (fl. 1633); married, 1633, Capt. David Kirke and had issue a daughter;
(1.7) Anne Andrew;
(1.8) Susan Andrew;
(1.9) Lucy Andrew.
He inherited the manor of Ilmington (Warks) from his father but sold it in 1615 to Sir Baptist Hicks. He also inherited an estate at Creaton in right of his wife, but lived chiefly in Clerkenwell, London.
His date of death is unknown but seems to have been after 1649. His first wife died following a stillbirth and was buried at St James, Clerkenwell, 5 July 1621. His second wife died in June 1649 and was buried at St Andrew, Holborn.

Andrew, Thomas (d. 1681) of Creaton. Eldest son of Sir John Andrew (fl. 1618) of Longdon (Worcs) and his wife Anne, daughter of John Reade of Cottesbrooke and Creaton (Northants). He married, 8 December 1661, Anne Bullock (d. 1675) of Little Creaton, and had issue:
(1) William Andrew (c.1670-1730) of Creaton (q.v.).
He inherited his parents' estate at Creaton.
He died 20 March 1681. His wife died 18 October 1675.

Andrew, William (c.1670-1730) of Creaton. Only known son of Thomas Andrew (d. 1681) of Creaton and his wife Anne Bullock of Little Creaton, born about 1670.  He married, c.1697, Jane Woodward [surname uncertain], and had issue:
(1) John Andrew (1698-1766) (q.v.);
(2) William Andrew (b. 1700; fl. 1764), baptised 13 February 1700/01;
(3) Anne Andrew (b. 1702), baptised 15 November 1702;
(4) Susan Andrew (b. 1704), baptised 13 June 1704;
(5) Thomas Andrew (b. 1706), baptised 10 September 1706; 
(6) Joseph Andrew (b. 1710), baptised 20 December 1710;
(7) Jane Andrew (b. 1712), baptised 14 November 1712.
He inherited his father's estate at Creaton in 1681.
He was buried 2 February 1730.

Andrew, John (1698-1766) of Creaton and Harlestone. Eldest son of William Andrew (fl. c.1700) of Creaton and his wife Jane, baptised 11 August 1698. He married, c.1739 at Creaton, Mary [surname unknown] (1702-64) and had issue:
(1) Robert Andrew (c.1739-1807) (q.v.);
(2) Rev. Thomas Andrew (c.1740-68); educated at Queens' College, Cambridge (matriculated 1758; BA 1761); ordained deacon, 1761 and priest, 1762; rector of Harlestone, 1762-68; died unmarried and was buried at Harlestone, 6 October 1768;
(3) William Andrew (c.1741-96); married Mary (1745/6-1818), daughter of Wayte Carr of Brampton and had issue; died 15 January 1796;
(4) Ann Andrew (c.1742-65); married, c.1761, John Wright and had issue two sons and two daughters; died about June 1765;
(5) Rev. Gilbert Andrew (1743-1808), born 30 August 1743; educated at Clare College, Cambridge (matriculated 1770); ordained deacon, 1770 and priest, 1771; rector of Harlestone, 1771-1808; married Catherine Cant (1738/9-1808) but had no issue; died 11 and was buried at Harlestone 19 October 1808;
(6) Mary Andrew (fl. 1763-75); married, 5 January 1763, Randall Lovell (fl. 1798) of Clay Coton and had issue;
(7) Elizabeth Andrew (fl. 1770-75); married, 9 October 1770, Thomas Farmer (b. 1744?) of Leicester and had issue;
(8) Jane Andrew (fl. 1771-75); married, 12 November 1771 at St Martin, Leicester, John Barratt of Leicester;
(9) Catherine Andrew (fl. 1770-75); married, 2 January 1770, Joseph Cook Lovell (d. 1814) of Sulby Abbey.
He inherited his father's estate at Creaton in 1730. In 1753 he purchased the Bulmer manor at Harlestone.
He was buried 2 February 1766; his will was proved 13 February 1766. His wife was buried 14 May 1764.

Andrew, Robert (c.1739-1807) of Harlestone.  Eldest son of John Andrew (1698-1756) of Creaton and his wife Mary, born about 1739.  Sheriff of Northamptonshire, 1777; JP for Northamptonshire for nearly 50 years. He married, 22 March 1763, Frances (1731-99), daughter of Thomas Thornton of Brockhole and had issue:
(1) Frances Andrew (b. 1763; fl. 1792), born 4 December 1763; married, 2 September 1790, Thomas Walker of Grays Inn, London, and had issue; perhaps died before 1797;
(2) Anne Andrew (b. 1765 fl. 1799), born 11 March and baptised 22 April 1765; died unmarried;
(3) Charlotte Andrew (b. 1766; fl. 1792), born 1 June 1766; married, 29 December 1791, Rev. John Fisher (d. 1837) of Cossington (Leics), rector of Brockhall, 1794-1806, Dodford, 1801-37 and Holcott, 1809-37 and had issue;
(4) Mary Andrew (1768-1840), born 4 April 1768; married, 26 May 1791, Rev. Francis Montgomery (1755-1831) of Milton Malsor, rector of Harlestone, 1809-31 and had issue; died 30 October 1840;
(5) Robert Andrew (1770-1831) (q.v.);
(6) Thomas Andrew (b. & d. 1773), baptised 28 January and was buried 13 February 1773;
(7) Rev. John Andrew (1774-99), born 20 March and baptised 22 May 1774; educated at Rugby and Queens' College, Cambridge (matriculated 1788; BA 1792; MA 1795); ordained deacon, 1793 and priest, 1796; vicar of Dodford (Northants), 1796-99; died unmarried and was buried 31 July 1799;
(8) Catherine Andrew (fl. 1775; d. c.1831) of Quorndon (Leics); died unmarried; will proved 24 November 1831;
(9) Elizabeth Andrew (fl. 1792-1831); married, about October 1802, and against her father's wishes, Joseph Lumley, and was as a result largely cut out of her father's will;
(10) Harriot Andrew (b. 1778; fl. 1825), baptised 28 October 1778; died unmarried between 1825 and 1831.
He inherited the Harlestone Hall estate from his distant kinsman in 1739 and his father's manor of Harleston and estate at Creaton in 1765.  He was a party to the enclosure of Creaton in 1783 and Great Addington c.1806.
He died 20 April and was buried 27 April 1807 at Harlestone, where he is commemorated by a monument; his will was proved in the PCC, 6 October 1807.  His wife was buried at Harlestone, 13 April 1799.

Andrew, Robert (1770-1831) of Harlestone. Eldest son of Robert Andrew (c.1738-1807) and his wife Frances, daughter of Thomas Thornton of Brockhole, baptised 5 October 1770.  Educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge (matriculated 1792). Sheriff of Northamptonshire, 1809. He married, 16 May 1799, Frances (1775-1800), daughter of Charles James Packe of Prestwold (Leics), and had issue:
(1) Robert Andrew (b. & d. 1800), born at Walton (Derbys), February 1800, but died in infancy.
He inherited the Harlestone and Creaton estates from his father in 1807 and employed Humphry and J.A. Repton to remodel the house and lay out the grounds in 1808-11. In 1824-25 he conveyed all his estates to his brother-in-law, Henry Packe as trustee, with power to sell the same to clear his debts estimated at £85,400.  The Crick estate was sold in 1825 and at the time of his death the sale of the Harlestone estate to Earl Spencer for £135,000 was pending.
He was buried 10 June 1831; his will was proved in the PCC, 27 July 1831. His wife died 13 October 1800 and was buried at Prestwold.


Andrews family of Denton, baronets



Andrew(s), Sir William (1577-1649), 1st bt. of Denton. Younger surviving son of Robert Andrew (c.1543-1604) of Harlestone and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Gent, baptised 6 November 1577. Created a baronet, 1641. Despite being a Roman Catholic he was a benefactor to the Anglican church at Denton and in 1619 was granted burial rights in the chancel there.  In the Civil War he was a Royalist; he compounded for his estates in 1648. He is reputed to have had three further sons "who were killed at the Battle of Worcester", but Royalist casualties at the first Battle of Worcester/Powick Bridge in 1642 were minimal, and there is no mention of sons other than the two who ultimately succeeded to the baronetcy in his will, so it seems unlikely that he had three sons killed at the second Battle of Worcester in 1651. He married 1st, Frances (d. 1627), daughter and co-heir of John Flamstead of Denton (Northants) and 2nd, about July 1642, Eleanor Parys (d. 1698), sister of John Parys of Pudding Norton Hall (Norfolk), and had issue:
(1.1) Sir John Andrew(s) (c.1613/4-65), 2nd bt. (q.v.);
(1.2) Elizabeth Andrew (b. c.1615);
(1.3) Sir William Andrew(s) (c.1620-84), 3rd bt. (q.v.).
He inherited property at Denton in right of his first wife.
He died of gout, in about January 1649 and was buried at Denton near his first wife; his will was proved 5 April 1649. His first wife died in 1627. His widow died in 1698 or 1699; her will was proved 13 October 1699.

Andrew(s), Sir John (c.1613/4-65) of London, 2nd bt. Eldest son of Sir William Andrews (1577-1649), 1st bt. and his wife Catherine, daughter of John Flamstede of Denton, born in 1613 or 1614.  He was apparently unmarried but had issue:
(X1) Elizabeth Andrew (fl. 1651); died unmarried.
He inherited his father's property at Denton.
He died in about 1665.

Andrew(s), Sir William (c.1620-84), 3rd bt. Younger surviving son of Sir William Andrews (1577-1649), 1st bt. and his first wife Catherine, daughter of John Flamstede of Denton, born about 1620. He married Eleanor, daughter of Edward Attslow of Downham Hall (Essex) and had issue:
(1) Anne Andrews (c.1654-1724); educated by Benedictine nuns at Ypres; a nun at Bruges (clothed, 1674; professed, 1675); became insane, 1700, 'nevertheless her raving was all pious'; died 1724 aged 70;
(2) Magdalen Andrews;
(3) Frances Andrews;
(4) Sir Francis Andrews (d. 1759), 4th bt. (q.v.);
(5) William Andrews; died in infancy;
(6) Helen Andrews (1665-1728), baptised at Downham, 7 April 1665; a nun at Bruges (clothed, 1681; professed, 1682; procuratrix, 1709, 1720-23; novice mistress 1716-17; sub-prioress, 1717-20, 1723); died 12 December 1728 aged 63;
(7) An unnamed daughter, possibly Mary Andrews (b. & d. 1666), baptised 8 September and buried 9 October 1666;
(8) Katherine Andrews (1668-1700), baptised 20 September 1668; married Joseph Petre (1666-1722) of Fithlers, Writtle (Essex) and had issue one son, whose daughter and heir married Francis Canning of Foxcote (Warks); died in 1700.
He presumably inherited his brother's property at Denton, but lived at Downham Hall, which he acquired in right of his wife, probably in 1652.
He died 15 August 1684 and was buried at Downham.

Andrew(s), Sir Francis (d. 1759), 4th bt., of Pudding Norton Hall. Only surviving son of Sir William Andrews (d. 1684), 3rd bt., and his wife Eleanor, daughter of Edward Attslow of Downham Hall, South Hanningfield (Essex). A Roman Catholic.  He married, about 1697, Bridget, daughter of Sir Thomas Clifton of Lathom (Lancs), and had issue:
(1) Bridget Andrews (c.1698-1783) (q.v.);
(2) Eleanor Andrews;
(3) Sir William Andrews (fl. 1723; d. 1804), 5th bt.; a lunatic.
He inherited the Downham Hall estate from his father in 1684.  In 1698 he was one of the co-heirs to the manor of Pudding Norton (Norfolk), which came to him from the Paris family, through his mother. He obtained an Act of Parliament to sell the Downham estate and buy out the other co-heirs in Pudding Norton. In 1706 he was again co-heir in another Paris family property at Hildersham (Cambs) and in 1716 he again bought out the co-heirs. By 1715 he was possessed of Pudding Norton, Hildersham and Rothersthorpe manors (Northants). In the 1720s he bought an estate at Ashill (Norfolk) from John Eyre.
He died in Chelsea, 3 April 1759 (his death was also reported by the London Evening Post, 26 April 1757).  According to some sources his wife died in 1699 but she was apparently living 23 April 1702 [Essex RO D/DP F89].

Andrew(s) (later Southcote), Bridget (c.1698-1783) of Wooburn Farm, Weybridge (Surrey) and Pudding Norton Hall. Elder daughter and heir of Sir Francis Andrews (d. 1759), 4th bt. and his wife Bridget, daughter of Sir Thomas Clifton of Lathom (Lancs), born about 1698. She married, in or after 1745, Philip Southcote (1698-1758) of Wooburn Farm, Weybridge (Surrey), son of Sir Edward Southcote of Witham (Essex) but had no issue. Her husband was a pioneer of the ferme ornée style of gardening, and laid out Wooburn Farm according to these principles.
She inherited her father's estate at Pudding Norton Hall in 1759. At her death she bequeathed all her estates to her kinsman, Robert Edward Petre, 9th Baron Petre.
She was buried at Hildersham (Cambs), 24 October 1783; her will was proved 21 November 1783. Her husband died 25 September 1758 and was buried 2 October 1758 at Witham (Essex) (although his wife's will says he was buried at Hildersham); his will was proved 11 October 1758.


Sources


J.B. Burke, Extinct and dormant baronetcies, 1841, pp. 11-12; F. Blomefield, An essay towards a topographical history of the county of Norfolk, 1805-10, vol. 3, pp. 804-05; J.C. Loudon (ed), The landscape gardening and landscape architecture of the late Humphry Repton, 1840, pp. 428-30; English Heritage, An inventory of the historical monuments of Northamptonshire, vol. 3, 1981, pp. 43-47; J. Heward & R. Taylor, The country houses of Northamptonshire, 1996, pp. 9, 325-27; A. Gomme, Smith of Warwick, 2000; T. Mowl & C. Hickman, The historic gardens of Northamptonshire, 2008, pp. 114-17; B. Bailey, Sir N. Pevsner & B. Cherry, The buildings of England: Northamptonshire, 3rd edn., 2013, pp. 170-71, 316-17, 676; http://www.stirnet.com/genie/data/british/aa/andrews04.phphttp://www.stirnet.com/genie/data/british/zwrk/temp52.php#and1


Location of archives


Andrew family of Harlestone: deeds, estate and family papers, 12th-19th cents. [Northamptonshire Record Office, A]. This collection includes some of Repton's designs for the estate; others are in the Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, California (USA).


Coat of arms


Gules, a saltire or, surmounted of another vert

Revision
This account was last revised 2nd September 2014.