Monday, 15 January 2018

(317) Baikie of Tankerness

Baikie of Tankerness
According to tradition, the founder of this family was Paul Baikie, who went as pilot or navigator with King Haakon V of Norway to Orkney after the Battle of Largs in 1263, and settled there. The genealogy of the family cannot be carried back any further, however, than the time of Magnus Baikie of Isbister in the 16th century, and is very incomplete and uncertain down to the time of James Baikie (c.1710-64). What does seem to be undisputed, however, is that James Baikie (d. 1675) acquired both the Hall of Tankerness (in about 1630) and Tankerness House, Kirkwall (in 1641), which became the main residences of the family. Tankerness House in Broad St., Kirkwall, is thought to have been first begun for the Rev. Gilbert Fulzie, minister of Kirkwall and Archdeacon of Orkney, in 1574, and the north range and gateway to the street date from this time. The house was, however, much altered and extended for the Baikies in the 18th century and again c.1820. 
Tankerness House, Kirkwall: a 16th and 18th century, remodelled in c.1820, which was the town house of the Baikies from 1641. Image: UltimaThule

The two-storey west range has a date-stone for 1722, and the south range may be fundamentally of the same time, but most of the details were altered about a hundred years later.

James Baikie (d. 1675) lived to a ripe old age and his son and heir, Arthur Baikie (d. 1679) survived him by a mere four years. His only son, James Baikie (1665-1700) died without issue, and the family estates then reverted to Arthur's younger brother, George Baikie (d. 1730). His son, Robert Baikie (d. 1734) again only survived his father by four years, and it is only with his son, another James Baikie (c.1710-64) that the genealogical and historical record becomes a little fuller. James was Provost of Kirkwall during the Jacobite rebellion of the 1740s, and since he was a support of the Earl of Morton's interest in Parliament, it may be supposed that he was not unsympathetic to the Jacobite cause. He evidently made himself useful politically, as he was granted a pension by Lord Morton, which was continued for his widow, who may not have died until 1805.

James was succeeded by his son, William Baikie (d. 1817), who was also politically active and was, indeed, briefly MP for the Orkney islands, being elected in 1780 but unseated the following year after his opponents argued that the poll had been rigged. His son, James Baikie (1786-1869) was responsible both for remodelling Tankerness House in Kirkwall and for adding the north-east wing to the Hall of Tankerness. He trained and qualified as an advocate in Edinburgh, but never practised as such, and he sold a good deal of the Tankerness estate. Although married, he produced no children, and on his death his estate passed to his younger brother, a retired army surgeon turned homeopathic doctor, with whom he had not been on the best of terms for many years. Dr. Robert Baikie (1799-1889) preferred Edinburgh to the Orkney Islands, and by 1877 Tankerness House was occupied by his niece, Deborah Hodgson Cowan (1825-1907), the mother of Dr. Baikie's eventual heir, William Dover Cowan (1850-98). W.D. Cowan, who took the name Baikie in lieu of Cowan, had been brought up in London, and before his inheritance was the secretary of a fashionable London club for artists and literary people, the Crichton Club. He gave up this career and moved north to throw himself into the management of his estate and his role in the community. He too had no children, and when he died young in 1898, the estate passed to his younger brother, Alfred Cowan (1861-1947), who also took the name Baikie. He became even more involved in local affairs than his brother had done, and in 1930 was appointed as Lord Lieutenant of the Orkney and Shetland islands: the highest office ever attained by any member of the family. His son, Robert Baikie (1892-1969) made a new life for himself in Africa in the 1920s, and when he inherited his father's estate had no fancy to return to post-war Scotland to manage it. Tankerness House was sold in 1951 and eventually became Orkney Museum; and Hall of Tankerness was probably sold at much the same time.

Hall of Tankerness, Mainland, Orkney

There is said to have been a house on this site since the 12th century, when Erling of Tankerness had a drinking hall here, but the earliest part of the present building (in the south-west wing) was probably built for William Groat, who acquired the Tankerness estate in 1550. It was sold c.1630 to James Baikie, who in 1641 also acquired a town house in Kirkwall (now the Orkney Museum) where they probably lived most of the time. 

Hall of Tankerness: the house before the addition of an upper floor to the north-east wing, c.1910. Image: Orkney Archives, Tom Kent collection.

In the 1730s, Hall of Tankerness was let to a tenant but the James Baikie of the day reserved part of the house for his own use, and that may have been the usual arrangement over a long period. The original building was perhaps extended to the north in the 1730s, and a hundred years later a new single-storey north-east wing was built for James Baikie (1786-1869), containing new public rooms, and joined to the existing house by a short battlemented link. 

Hall of Tankerness: the house today. Image: AirBNB.

Finally, in about 1910, the north-east wing was given an upper floor and a canted bay window for Alfred Baikie (1861-1947). The house was sold by the Baikie family in the mid 20th century, and is now a guesthouse.

Descent: sold 1550 to William Groat... sold c.1630 to James Baikie (d. 1675); to son, Arthur Baikie (d. 1679); to son, James Baikie (1665-1700); to uncle, George Baikie (d. 1730); to son, Robert Baikie (d. 1734); to son, James Baikie (c.1710-64); to son, Robert Baikie (d. 1817); to son, James Baikie (1786-1869); to brother, Robert Baikie MD (1799-1889); to great-nephew, William Dover Cowan (later Baikie) (1850-98); to brother, Alfred Baikie (1861-1947); to son, Robert Baikie (1892-1969)... Magnus Robertson Bain (b. 1968).

Baikie family of Tankerness

Baikie, James (d. 1675). Son of Thomas Baikie (d. 1613) and his wife Marjorie Poplay of Kirkwall (Orkney), probably born about 1600. Merchant in Kirkwall; Provost of Kirkwall. He married Barbara Smith of Ackergill Tower (Caithness) and had issue including:
(1) Arthur Baikie (d. 1679) (q.v.);
(2) Margery Baikie (d. by 1678); married, 1654 or 1657, George Balfour of Pharey, and had issue; died before 1678;
(3) George Baikie (d. 1730) (q.v.);
(4) Katherine Baikie (d. 1688); married, 5 June 1666, as his first wife, George Traill (d. 1706) of Holland, and had issue one son; died 1688;
(5) Elspeth Baikie; married Patrick Traill and had issue;
(6) William Baikie (fl. 1683) of Holland; educated at St. Andrews University (MA); biblophile.
He bought the Tankerness estate in c.1630, and Tankerness House in Kirkwall in 1641.
He died 16 January 1675. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Baikie, Arthur (d. 1679). Son of James Baikie (d. 1675) and his wife Barbara Smith of Ackergill Tower (Caithness). A Commissioner of Supply, 1678. Provost of Kirkwall. He married, 5 July 1665 at Kirkwall, Elizabeth Moncrieff, and had issue (possibly among others):
(1) James Baikie (1665-1700) (q.v.).
He inherited Tankerness from his father in 1675.
He died in 1679. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Baikie, James (1665-1700). Only son of Arthur Baikie (d. 1679) and his wife Elizabeth Moncrieff, baptised at Kirkwall, 28 December 1665. He married his cousin, Barbara, daughter of George Baikie (d. 1730) (q.v.), but had no issue.
He inherited Tankerness from his father in 1679. At his death his estates passed to his uncle George.
He died in 1700. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Baikie, George (d. 1730). Younger son of James Baikie (d. 1675) and his wife Barbara Smith of Ackergill Tower (Caithness). He married Joan, daughter of Col. Robert Stewart of Eday, and had issue including:
(1) Robert Baikie (d. 1734) (q.v.);
(2) Barbara Baikie; married her cousin, James Baikie (d. 1700) (q.v.);
(3) George Baikie (fl. 1722).
He inherited Tankerness from his nephew in 1700.
He died in 1730. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Baikie, Robert (d. 1734). Son of George Baikie (d. 1730) and his wife Joan, daughter of Col. Robert Stewart of Eday. He married, 1701 (contract 15 February), Margaret, younger daughter of Lawrence Sinclair of Quendale (Shetland) and widow of Andrew Bruce (d. 1699) of Muness (Shetland), and had issue including:
(1) Robert Baikie (b. 1705), baptised at Kirkwall, 3 March 1705; presumably died young;
(1) James Baikie (c.1710-64) (q.v.);

(2) William Baikie (b. 1719), baptised at Kirkwall, 4 June 1719.
He inherited Tankerness from his father in 1730.
He died in 1734. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Baikie, James (c.1710-64). Son of Robert Baikie (d. 1734) and his wife Margaret, daughter of Lawrence Sinclair of Quendale (Shetland) and widow of Andrew Bruce of Muness, born about 1710. Provost of Kirkwall during the Jacobite rebellion of 1745. He was a supporter of the Earl of Morton's interest in Parliament, and received a pension of £200 a year in respect of his electoral services which was continued to his widow. He married, 8 June 1736 at Kirkwall, Janet, daughter of William Douglas of Egilshay and Spynie, and had issue including:
(1) James Baikie (b. 1737), baptised 25 May 1737; died young;
(2) Robert Baikie (d. 1817) (q.v.);
(3) Margaret Baikie (1739-92/95), baptised 26 January 1739; probably died unmarried and was buried at Kirkwall, 29 January 1792 or 1 February 1795;
(4) Barbara Baikie (1741-84), baptised 20 May 1741; married, 19 November 1766 at Kirkwall, William Smith (c.1707-78); died 13 May 1784 and was buried at Firth and Stenness;
(5) Janet Baikie (1743-1816), born and baptised 7 January 1743; died unmarried and was buried at Kirkwall, 3 February 1816;
(6) Jacoba Baikie (b. 1744), baptised 6 August 1744;
(7) James Baikie (b. 1745), baptised 3 October 1745;
(8) Grissel Baikie (b. 1747), baptised 9 October 1747; married, 10 September 1772 at Kirkwall, Capt. Walter Stewart; 
(9) Christian Baikie (1751-95), baptised 31 May 1751; died unmarried and was buried at Kirkwall, 16 December 1795;
(10) Elizabeth Baikie (d. 1788?); married (probably bigamously, as his first wife did not die until 1821), 29 March 1787 at Edinburgh RC Cathedral, Dr Peter Degravers, a quack surgeon and author of a treatise on the treatment of diseases of the eye, and had issue one daughter; died, probably in childbirth in 1788 and certainly before 17 April 1789.
He inherited Tankerness from his father in 1734.
He died in 1764. His widow was perhaps the Mrs. Baikie who died at Kirkwall, 28 August 1805.

Robert Baikie (d. 1817)
Baikie, Robert (d. 1817). Son of James Baikie (d. 1764) and his wife Jane, daughter of William Douglas of Spynie. MP for Orkney & Shetland, 1780-81, but was unseated on petition; he stood again, against the Dundas interest in the burgh, in 1784, but was defeated by Col. Thomas Dundas. An officer in Orkney & Shetland Battalion of Fencible Men (Capt., 1793). He married, 13 February 1785 at Kirkwall, Mary (1760-1831), daughter of Thomas Balfour of Huip, and had issue:
(1) James Baikie (1786-1869) (q.v.);
(2) Mary Baikie (1787-1860) (q.v.); 
(3) Janet Douglas Baikie (b. 1789), baptised at Kirkwall, 5 May 1789; died young;
(4) Thomas Baikie (1791-1811), born 2 April 1791; a midshipman in the Royal Navy; died unmarried when he drowned in the Baltic Sea, 11 August 1811;
(5) Frances Baikie (1795-1877), born 18 February 1795; married, 9 July 1818, Lt. Gilbert Traill RN (1788-1849) and had issue two sons and two daughters; died 4 April 1877;
(6) William Baikie (1797-1823), born 29 April and baptised at Kirkwall, 31 May 1797; medical student at St George's Hospital, London; died unmarried and was buried at St George, Hanover Square, London, 12 October 1823;
(7) Dr. Robert Baikie MD (1799-1889) (q.v.).
He inherited Tankerness from his father in 1764.
He died 4 April 1817. His widow died 24 March and was buried at Evie & Rendall (Orkney), 27 March 1831.

James Baikie (1786-1869)
Baikie, James (1786-1869). Eldest son of Robert Baikie (d. 1817) and his wife Mary, daughter of Thomas Balfour of Huip, born 4 April 1786. Educated at Kirkwall Grammar School, Aberdeen and Faculty of Advocates, Edinburgh (called to bar, 1811), but did not practice as an advocate. A Liberal in politics; Vice-Lieutenant of Orkney; Provost of Kirkwall, 1836-50. He was at first a member of the established Church of Scotland and was representative elder of the Kirkwall Presbytery at the General Assembly, but in 1822 he transferred to the United Presbyterian congregation in Kirkwall, having admired the preaching of Dr. Paterson, the minister there, who became a close friend. He married, 12 December 1814 at Aberdour (Fife), Eleanora Anderson (1796-1862), second daughter of William Wemyss of Cuttlehill (Fife), but had no issue.
He inherited Tankerness from his father in 1817, and was one of the leading landed proprietors in the Orkneys until he sold off a good deal of the estate after the failure of the kelp trade in the 1820s. He lived at Tankerness House in Kirkwall until c.1830, when having enlarged the Hall of Tankerness he moved there.
He died following a fall from his horse, 24 February 1869. His wife died 26 July 1862.

Baikie, Dr. Robert MD (1799-1889). Fourth and youngest son of Robert Baikie (d. 1817) and his wife Mary, daughter of Thomas Balfour of Huip, born 30 October and baptised at Kirkwall, 16 November 1799. He was educated at Edinburgh Univ (MD, 1820) and was a surgeon in the East India Co.'s Madras Army (Asst Surgeon, 1820; Surgeon, 1834; retired 1844). He returned from India in indifferent health and made a practice of walking many miles every day. He practised in Edinburgh and treated his patients increasingly with homeopathic remedies. DL and JP for Orkney. He married, 18 March 1852 at Holy Trinity, Paddington (Middx), Helen Elizabeth (c.1816-86), daughter of John Maxwell Davidson of Bengal Medical Service, but had no issue.
He inherited Tankerness from his eldest brother in 1869, but lived chiefly in Edinburgh as the climate of Orkney did not suit his wife. 
He died in Edinburgh, 5 August 1889, but was buried on Orkney; his will was confirmed in Edinburgh (estate £3,308) and sealed in London, 31 October 1889. His wife died in Edinburgh, 6 February 1886.

Baikie, Mary (1787-1860). Eldest daughter of Robert Baikie (d. 1817) and his wife Mary, daughter of Thomas Balfour of Huip, born 2 November 1787. She married 1st, 10 June 1807 at Kirkwall, Lt. William Sinclair Robertson of 95th Rifles; 2nd, 2 November 1816 at Kirkwall, Lt. Jeremiah Skelton RN (d. 1823); and 3rd, October 1823 at Flimby (Cumbld), Capt. Joseph Dover (1780-1854) of Ormathwaite House, Crosthwaite (Cumbld), son of William Dover, and had issue:
(1.1) William Sinclair Robertson (1808-29), born 28 July 1808; an officer in the East India Company's Madras service (Lt.); died at Bangalon (India), 18 May 1829;
(1.2) Mary Balfour Robertson (b. 1811), born 23 January 1811; married, May 1833 at Crosthwaite (Cumbld), Edwin Simpson (d. by 1851), of Roundhay Lodge near Leeds, and had issue two sons and one daughter; living in 1851;
(3.1) Deborah Hodgson Dover (1825-1907) (q.v.).
She died 5 January 1860. Her first husband died before 1816. Her second husband died in 1823. Her third husband died in 1854; his will was proved in the PCC, 5 May 1854.

Dover, Deborah Hodgson (1825-1907). Only daughter of Capt. Joseph Dover of Keswick (Cumbld.) and his wife Mary, daughter of Robert Baikie (d. 1817) of Tankerness and widow of Lt. W. Robertson and Lt. Skelton RN, born 28 November 1825 and baptised at Bowness-on-Solway (Cumbld), 27 July 1826. She married, 18 January 1846 at Crosthwaite (Cumbld), William Layman Cowan (1822-1916), stockbroker, son of Capt. Michael Cowan RN, and had issue:
(1) Eliza Mary Cowan (1848-77), born 18 January 1848; married, 19 September 1872 at Kirkwall Cathedral, George Thomas Courtenay MD (1842-89) and had issue two sons and two daughters; died 7 September 1877;
(2) William Dover Cowan (later Baikie) (1850-98) (q.v.);
(3) Mary Cowan (1851-1915), born 3 November 1851; died unmarried, 18 October 1915 and was buried in the churchyard of Kirkwall Cathedral;
(4) Clara Cowan (1853-1945), born 20 June and baptised at St John, Hampstead (Middx), 24 July 1853; married, 7 August 1878 at St Olaf's Episcopal Church, Kirkwall, George Scott Elgin (b. 1851), wholesale stationer, son of William Elgin of Edinburgh, wholesale stationer, and had issue one son and five daughters; died in Edmonton (Middx), 18 March 1945; will proved 22 August 1946 (estate £146);
(5) Malcolm Cowan (1857-89), born 24 May and baptised at St John, Hampstead, 4 December 1857; medical student at King's College Hospital; was censured by the Coroner in 1888 after a man died from taking an overdose of strychnine in a medicine of his prescribing that had been incorrectly made up; died unmarried and without issue, Oct-Dec 1889;
(6) Alfred Cowan (later Baikie) (1861-1947) (q.v.).
She lived at Chalk Farm (Middx) in 1861 and at Tankerness House, Kirkwall by 1877.
She died 16 March 1907; her will was confirmed in Kirkwall and sealed in London, 10 July 1907. Her husband died 19 January 1916 and was buried in the churchyard of St Magnus Cathedral, Kirkwall; his will was confirmed at Kirkwall and sealed in London, 28 April 1916.

William Dover Cowan (later Baikie)
Cowan (later Baikie), William Dover (1850-98). Eldest son of William Layman Cowan and his wife Deborah Hodgson, daughter of Capt. Joseph Dover of Keswick (Cumbld), born 28 June 1850. Secretary of the Crichton Club, a literary and dramatic club at 3, Adelphi Terrace, London. In 1879 he took the name of Baikie in lieu of Cowan. Commissioner of Supply for Orkney; JP for Orkney and Shetland from 1878. He married, 6 August 1879, Johanna Dempster (1851-95), daughter of Ralph Fotheringham of Lynnfield, Kirkwall, but had no issue.
He inherited Tankerness from his great-uncle in 1889.
He died 29 November 1898; his will was confirmed in Kirkwall, 25 April 1899 and sealed in London, 3 May 1899. His wife died in Hampstead (Middx), 7 July 1895.

Cowan (later Baikie), Alfred (1861-1947). Third and youngest son of William Layman Cowan and his wife Deborah Hodson, daughter of Capt. Joseph Dover of Keswick (Cumbld), born 9 March 1861. He took the name of Baikie in lieu of Cowan, 1898. Consulting engineer. President of the  Orkney Territorial Forces Association, 1908. Commissioner of Supply; JP for Orkney and Shetland; Lord Lieutenant of Orkney & Shetland, 1930-47 (Vice-Lieutenant, 1907-30). He was appointed CB, 1941. He married 1st, 25 August 1888, Annie Traill (d. 1896), daughter of Ralph Fotheringham of Lynnfield, Kirkwall, and 2nd, 24 July 1902, Mary Anne Stewart (1855-1950), youngest daughter of Thomas Traill of Holland (Orkney), and had issue:
(1.1) Robert Baikie (1892-1969) (q.v.);
(2.1) Margaret Traill Baikie (b. 1906), born 29 June 1906; served in Second World War as an officer in WRNS (3rd officer, 1939; 2nd officer, 1943); living in 1950.
He lived at South Croydon (Surrey) until he inherited Tankerness from his brother in 1898; he let Hall of Tankerness before 1925 to William Sinclair.
He died 21 October 1947. His first wife died 10 July 1896. His widow died 16 October 1950.

Baikie, Robert (1892-1969). Only son of Alfred Cowan (later Baikie) (1861-1947) and his first wife, Annie Traill, daughter of Ralph Fotheringham of Lynnfield, Kirkwall (Orkney), born in South Croydon, 9 June 1892. Educated at Loretto Sch., Edinburgh and Clare College, Cambridge (MA). He served in First World War as an officer in the Royal Field Artillery (Lt.). Commissioner of Supply for Orkney, 1916. In the 1920s he was living in London, but by 1939 he had emigrated to Southern Rhodesia, where he worked as a storekeeper. He retired in the late 1940s to the Transvaal in South Africa, and made two return visits to the UK in 1947 and 1950 which are assumed to be connected with settling up his parents' estates and disposing of the Tankerness property. He married, 7 April 1925 in Willesden (Middx), Ethel Norah (d. 1976), only daughter of Henry Lionel Smith of Bulawayo and Co. Leix, and had issue:
(1) Jean Traill Baikie (b. 1926), born in London, 8 March 1926; returned to England 1946 and qualified as a physiotherapist, 1949.
He inherited Tankerness from his father in 1947, but sold it probably in 1950.
He died in the Transvaal (South Africa) in 1969. His widow died in the Transvaal, 1976.


Burke's Landed Gentry, 1952, p. 88; T.W. Traill, The Frotoft branch of the Orkney Traills, 1902; J. Gifford, The buildings of Scotland: Highland and Islands, 1992, pp. 338-39, 374-75.

Location of archives

Baikie family of Tankerness: deeds, estate, legal, household and family papers, 15th century-1970 [Orkney Archives, D24, D28]

Coat of arms

Argent, on a chevron gules between three flames of fire proper, a lion rampant between two estoiles of six points of the field.

Can you help?

Here are a few notes about information and images which would help to improve the account above. If you can help with any of these or with other additions or corrections, please use the contact form in the sidebar to get in touch. Can anyone:

  • Provide further information about the genealogy of the earlier generations of this family?
  • Give an exact date for the sale of Hall of Tankerness, or further information about the subsequent history of Robert Baikie, his sister, Margaret Traill Baikie, or his daughter, Jean Traill Baikie.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 15 January 2018.

Wednesday, 10 January 2018

(267) Allcard of Burton Closes and Wimblehurst

Allcard of Burton Closes
John Allcard (1779-1856), who was the eldest child of a middle class Quaker couple from Leek in Staffordshire, James and Sarah Allcard, made his way to London around the beginning of the 19th century, and became involved in the burgeoning financial industry of the City of London. He was probably trained as a book-keeper and accountant, and first appears in the public record as an auditor and a banker (in partnership with Samuel Gurney and David Barclay Chapman), but he went on to participate in different fields, being a director of several Life Assurance societies and also a stockbroker with Cannon, Pelly and Allcard. His wife died in 1843, and soon afterwards he decided to semi-retire from business. He had lived for many years at Stratford Green on the eastern edge of London, but for a retirement home he looked back to his roots and bought a small estate at Bakewell (Derbys), which was the parish from which his grandfather, William Allcard, had come. This property, which was known as Burton Closes, did not include a substantial house, but he commissioned one from the great engineer and architect, Sir Joseph Paxton (1803-65), and then invited Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin (1812-52) to decorate the interior.

Although John Allcard had had a large family, only his unmarried daughter Sarah Allcard (1817-99) and her cousin, Eliza Shipman, were living with John Allcard by the late 1840s. Although grand, therefore, Burton Closes Hall did not need to be very large. John's eldest son, William Allcard (1809-61), who was in line to inherit the property, and who had a large young family of his own, actually paid his father £2,000 towards the additional cost of making the building bigger than he had originally intended. Nonetheless, when William inherited in 1856, he at once commissioned the enlargement of the house. For this, he did not go back to Joseph Paxton, but instead turned to a Liverpool architect who was probably a personal friend, who did a remarkably tactful job of expanding the original house to the west in 1856-58. It is thought, however, that Pugin's collaborator, J.G. Crace, was once again put in charge of the internal decoration.

William Allcard was a railway engineer, trained by George Stephenson in the 1820s, and involved in several of the pioneering railway projects of the 1830s. He built up both a railway maintenance empire and a firm (Allcard, Buddicom & Co.) which manufactured steam engines and rolling stock for the French railway network, and by 1847 he was able to take a step back from the day-to-day management of these business and to lead the life of a gentleman at Burton Closes. He became an active justice of the peace and was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant for Derbyshire, but at the early age of fifty-two he died of a stroke. Burton Closes passed to his eldest son, William Henry Allcard (1838-1903), who trained first as a solicitor and then went to Lincoln's Inn and retrained as a barrister. He seems not to have had much success in his chosen career, and to have been substantially dependent on the income from his investments to maintain his position in the world. However, in 1866, he sustained serious losses in the stock market crash, and it quickly became clear he would have to sell Burton Closes Hall. It was offered for sale at auction unsuccessfully in 1870, but sold the following year. William Henry, who remained unmarried, moved in with his mother, whose investments seem not to have suffered so much, at her town house in London. But after she died in 1898, his circumstances seem to have been greatly reduced, and at his death he was living alone, with no servant, in a mews cottage in Mayfair, next door to Lord Avebury's stables.

John Allcard saw his many sons established in a wide variety of different areas of business and the professions, but only his fifth son, Edward Allcard (1820-1900), followed him into the stockbroking business, succeeding his father as a partner in Cannon, Pelly & Allcard, which after merging with Sheppard & Sons in 1860 became Sheppard, Pelly & Allcard. He lived originally in the south-west suburbs of London, at Surbiton and later at Petersham, which were convenient for the daily journey into the capital, but in 1883 he moved to a large Italianate villa in the Sussex countryside near Horsham called Wimblehurst, which he had bought for his retirement. When he died in 1900 he left this property to his widow and children. It was occupied after his widow died in 1905 by his three daughters, as his only son, Edward Julius Allcard (1849-1933), who had followed him into the London finance industry, had acquired a home of his own near London. Wimblehurst remained in the family until the death of the youngest of the daughters, Ethel (1863-1952), at the age of 89. She is thought to have left the house to one or more of her nephews, who made efforts in the 1950s to find a viable use for the use, but in 1963 it was demolished and the site redeveloped for housing.

Edward Julius Allcard made his home near the river Thames at Teddington (Middx), which he may have selected as offering him some opportunities for sailing. Yachting became his passion, and in 1893 he obtained a Master's certificate for his steam yacht 'St Kilda'. His interest was inherited by his grandson, Edward Allcard (1914-2017), who became a naval architect and achieved fame in 1949 for a single-handed crossing of the Atlantic.

Burton Closes Hall, Bakewell, Derbyshire

In 1845 John Allcard (1779-1856) bought a small estate on the southern edge of Bakewell from the Duke of Rutland, on which to build himself a villa for summer use in his retirement. He engaged Joseph Paxton to lay out the grounds and to build the house, which Paxton designed with the assistance of his architectural assistant, John Robertson. The house took its name from the closes of land, once owned by the yeoman Burton family, on which it was built. Rather surprisingly, given that much of Paxton's earlier work had been Italianate, Burton Closes was a quiet but effective essay in romantic Tudor Gothic.
Burton Closes Hall: a view of the house from the south-east,
 showing the extent of the original villa. Image: Historic England.
The original building forms the left-hand portion of the east front, with a gable framed by thin castellated pinnacles, a ground-floor bay and a mullioned windows with stepped lights above. A similar gable forms the end elevation of the range on the south front. Immediately beyond this there was originally the eight-bay conservatory designed by Paxton to house Allcard's collection of exotic plants. 
Construction of the shell was complete by 1848, and attention then progressed to the interior decoration. A.W.N. Pugin recorded that he 'took on the job of fitting out a large house near Haddon' in 1847-48. In fact at this time the house was not all that large: it had a Great Hall and a generous timber main staircase, but there were at first only two main bedrooms. It was, however, a very rich interior, with much Gothic detailing and rich colour schemes incorporating Minton tiles and Hardman stained glass and brasswork, much of it designed in obsessive detail by Pugin. Pugin's trusted craftsmen, George Myers and J.G. Crace carried out the construction and decoration. In 1848 Allcard recorded slightly ruefully "I do not think the word economy ever entered his [Pugin's] mind...It has been my desire to let his fine and correct tastes prevail, yet I must confess I am not a little astonished at the Beauty and Grandeur of our doing".

Burton Closes Hall: an 1860 engraving of the house showing the building as extended in 1856-58. 

When William Allcard inherited in 1856 he enlarged the house into a mansion to the designs of T.D. Barry of Liverpool, at a cost of some £7,000. Paxton's conservatory was dismantled and re-erected further west, and on its former site a new Gothic range was built, which avoids any radical disjunction with the original house, but the language of which is subtly more florid and passionate than the earlier work. The focus of the design is an octagonal stone belfry tower of three stages above a porte-cochere, with late Gothic tracery as applied decoration to the wall surface. This was originally surmounted by a spirelet, now lost. The back of the new range was much plainer, echoing the facade of the service wing of the Paxton house which it faced. Together, the two ranges enclosed a rather severe entrance court that gave away nothing of the rich decoration within. The rooms in Barry's wing continued the style of the earlier interiors, and were probably designed by Crace. In 1871, the Allcard family sold Burton Closes to Smith Taylor-Whitehead, for whom J.B. Mitchell-Withers made further changes in 1888, extending the east front to the north with a block that coheres less well with the original building, having rather French-looking dormers.

Burton Closes Hall: the entrance courtyard today.

By 1939, when the house was sold for a mere £3,550, it was sliding into decay. A stained glass window depicting the archangel Uriel by Ford Maddox Brown was sold from the house in the same year (and is now in Tansley church) and the furnishings were all dispersed by auction. The house was unsympathetically treated during wartime requisitioning by the British and Dutch armies and later by prisoners of war. Some demolition work was carried out in 1949 and by 1953 the interior was described as derelict. The whole of the service wing was pulled down in 1972 and replaced by a remarkably utilitarian and unsympathetic block of flats, and the grounds were built over with suburban housing. At the same time, the rest of the house was also converted to flats in a crude way that paid scant respect to the important Victorian interiors. A lack of maintenance led to further decay, and in 1982 an application was made to demolish the house, but refused. Efforts were made in the 1980s to secure the house for the Derbyshire Historic Buildings Trust, but the cost of acquisition and repairs was beyond them, and eventually a private sector buyer was found who has restored the house and converted it as a care home. The interiors in particular are a shadow of what they once were, but at least the house has a stable use for the foreseeable future.

Burton Closes Hall: some elements of the rich Victorian decoration of the interior survive.

Descent: built for John Allcard (1779-1856); to son, William Allcard (1809-61); to son, William Henry Allcard (1838-1903), who sold after 1870 to Smith Taylor-Whitehead; sold 1902 to Alexander Campbell-Blair (1862-1936); sold 1939 to Campbell Blaire but requisitioned for military use in WW2; sold 1948... sold 1980s and converted to a care home.

Wimblehurst, Horsham, Sussex

Wimblehurst, Horsham: a postcard view of c.1908

An Italianate villa, built in 1856 for John Braby to the designs of an unknown architect, with a central belvedere tower fronted by a large single-storey porch. To either side were sections with low-pitched gables and deep bracketed eaves that are typical of the style and period. The house seems to have survived little changed until it was demolished in 1963. The site has since been developed for housing, although the lodge house survives.

Descent: built 1856 for John Braby; sold 1871 to Henry Padwick jr.; sold 1883 to Edward Allcard (1820-1900); to widow (d. 1905) and children, of whom Ethel Maud Allcard (1864-1953) was the last survivor; to nephews?, who dem. 1963.

Allcard family of Burton Closes and Wimblehurst

Allcard, John (1779-1856). Eldest son of James Allcard of Leek (Staffs) and his wife Sarah, daughter of John Firth of Bristol, born at Leek, 22 February 1779. Auditor, banker and later stockbroker in London; partner in firm of Cannon, Pelly & Allcard. A Quaker in religion. Admitted a freeman of the City of London, 1808. He was a keen botanist and plant collector, with a particular interest in orchids. In 1852 he paid for the erection of a Friends Meeting House in Bakewell. He married, 18 August 1805 at All Hallows, Lombard St., London, Mary Ann (1784-1843), daughter of John Swinborn of Bromley by Bow (Middx), and had issue:
(1) James Allcard (1805-33), born (just a month after his parents' marriage), 16 September 1805; died in Singapore, 1833;
(2) William Allcard (1809-61) (q.v.);
(3) Henry Allcard (1811-31), born 23 February 1811; died unmarried, 24 April 1831, and was buried in the Quaker burial ground at Ratcliff Highway (Middx), 1 May 1831;
(4) Maria Allcard (1813-29), born 1 March 1813; died young, 6 December 1829 and was buried in the Quaker burial ground at Ratcliff Highway, 13 December 1829;
(5) Ellen Allcard (1814-88), born 25 December 1814; married, 30 April 1840 at the Friends Meeting House, Plaistow (Essex), William Maw Shillitoe (1815-47) of Birmingham, chemist and druggist, and had issue one son and two daughters; died 7 March 1888; administration of goods granted to her daughter, 9 February 1889 (effects £1,606);
(6) Sarah Allcard (1817-99), born 7 February 1817; acted as housekeeper to her father, and was evidently an assiduous member of the Society of Friends, as her father bequeathed her his books relating to the Society of Friends; subsequently lived at Hamilton Terrace, Marylebone, with her cousin Eliza S. Shipman, who had been brought up in the Allcard household; died unmarried, 5 January 1899; will proved 13 February 1899 (effects £2,289);
(7) Thomas Allcard (1818-1901), born 14 December 1818;  civil engineer; manager of Allcard & Buddicom's railway interests in France; lived at Sotteville-les-Rouen (France) but later retired to England; married, 9 August 1856 at Brighton (Sussex), Marie Anne Desirée Courtin (1823-84), but had no issue; died in Sicily (Italy), 28 January 1901;
(8) Edward Allcard (1820-1900) (q.v.);
(9) Robert Allcard (1823-81), born 9 September 1823; in partnership with Thomas Phillips and John Carr as timber merchants at Imperial Saw Mills, London (diss. 1850), a business by which his father sustained 'a great pecuniary loss', as a result of which he was largely cut out of his father's will; died at Bordeaux (France), 8 December 1881;
(10) Mary Ann Allcard (1825-84), born 5 July 1825; married, without her father's consent, 25 March 1854 at Bakewell, Henry Hornbuckle Hine (1814-93) of Bramcote (Notts), and had issue three sons and two daughters; died at Worthing (Sussex), 22 February 1884;
(11) George Allcard (1827-78), born 25 March 1827; surgeon; MRCS; married, 22 January 1857 at Edensor (Derbys), Victoria (1833-94), daughter of the engineer and architect, Sir Joseph Paxton, kt., and had issue two daughters; died at Chislehurst (Kent), 13 May 1878; will proved 11 July 1878 (effects under £7,000).
He lived at Stratford Green, West Ham (Essex) until he purchased the site of Burton Closes Hall in 1845 and built the house in 1845-48.
He died 9 April 1856; his will was proved in the PCC, 1 May 1856 (effects under £25,000). His wife died 4 July 1843.

Allcard, William (1809-61), Second, but eldest surviving son of John Allcard and his wife Mary Ann Swinborn, born 30 June 1809 and baptised in the Church of England, 6 April 1844 at Warrington (Lancs). As a young man he became a pupil of George Stephenson at the steam engine manufactory in Newcastle-on-Tyne; by 1826 he had experience of surveying railway lines and was put in charge of designing and constructing the key section of the Liverpool & Manchester Railway across Chat Moss. After the railway opened, he became Resident Engineer for the Liverpool end of the line until 1834, when he moved to a similar post building the Grand Junction Railway between Birmingham and Stafford. In 1837 he began contracting for the maintenance of railway lines. In 1841 he formed the firm of Allcard & Buddicom to manufacture railway locomotives and rolling stock for French railway companies, with a large engineering works near Rouen (which was managed by his brother). He retired from active involvement in business in 1847. JP and DL for Derbyshire. He married 9 October 1834 at Winwick (Lancs), Mary (c.1814-), the daughter of Dr T.D. Malloney MD of Demerera (British Guiana), and had issue:
(1) Mary Anne Allcard (1837-1913); was a Protestant Sister of Charity at a short-lived convalescent hospital at Ridge House, Barnet (Herts) but left the order before 1887 and was subsequently involved in an unsuccessful legal action for the recovery of her dowry; lived later with a companion in London; died unmarried in Bournemouth, 11 February 1913; will proved 28 March 1913 (estate £20,811);
(2) William Henry Allcard (1838-1903) (q.v.);
(3) Frank Allcard (1841-73), baptised at Warrington, 9 May 1841; employed in merchant's office; married, 5 October 1863, Frances Emma, daughter of Andrew Read of St. Marylebone, gent., but had no issue; died at Wynaad, Malabar (India), 27 April 1873; will proved 6 August 1873 (effects under £6,000);
(4) Arthur Edward Allcard (1842-67), born 24 May and baptised at Warrington, 29 July 1842; educated at Wandsworth (Surrey) and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1860; BA 1864); died unmarried, 10 July 1867;
(5) Daniel Thomas Allcard (1844-1902), baptised at Warrington, 4 July 1844; an officer in the 84th foot (Ensign, 1865; Lt., 1867; Capt. 1871; retired by 1891); died 27 January 1902; administration of goods granted to his brother, 3 April 1902 (effects £238);
(6) James Allcard (b. 1845), baptised at Warrington, 16 June 1845; educated at Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1863; BA 1868) and Lincolns Inn (admitted 1868); in 1893 he was fined £4,500 damages for adultery with Georgina Augusta (c.1849-1924), the wife of Maj. Wargrave Kell and daughter of Count Alexander Konarski, whom he subsequently married at Christ Church, Somers Town, 18 November 1893; his date of death has not been traced;
(7) Septimus Allcard (1846-68), born Jul-Sep 1846 and baptised at Warrington, 1 June 1847; died at Menton (France), 23 March 1868; administration of goods granted to his brother, 18 June 1868 (effects under £2,000);
(8) Lt-Col. Octavius Allcard (1847-1912), born 28 November 1847 and baptised at Warrington, 6 June 1848; an officer in the 9th foot (Ensign, 1867; Lt., 1871; Capt., 1881; Maj., 1883; retired as Lt-Col., 1895); died in Brighton, 1 May 1912; administration of goods granted to his brother, 4 June 1912 (estate £209);
(9) George Frederick Allcard (1849-1922), baptised at Warrington, 4 October 1849; educated at Rugby and Magdalene College, Cambridge (matriculated 1869); an officer in the Hertfordshire militia (2nd Lt., 1871; Lt., 1871; Capt., 1878; retired 1882); member of Esher Urban District Council, 1898; married, 10 April 1872 at St James, Piccadilly, Westminster (Middx), Agnes Martha Allnutt, daughter of Paul Long of Wotton-under-Edge (Glos), and had issue three children; died at Harrow (Middx), 5 June 1922; administration of goods granted to his widow, 3 August 1922 (estate £3,054).
He inherited Burton Closes from his father in 1856 and enlarged it in 1856-58.
He died 5 August 1861; his will was proved 20 September 1861 (effects under £120,000). His widow died in Bournemouth, 7 May 1898; her will was proved 24 June 1898 (effects £1,121).

Allcard, William Henry (1838-1903). Eldest son of William Allcard (1809-61) and his wife Mary, daughter of Dr T.D. Malloney of Demerera (Guiana), born 10 January and baptised at St Catherine, Liverpool, 1 June 1838. Educated at Lincolns Inn (admitted 1863). Solicitor; barrister-at-law. He is said to have lost all his money in the stockmarket crash of 1866. Fellow of the Zoological Society of London from 1869. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited Burton Closes from his father in 1861, but sold it in 1871. He subsequently lived with his mother in London until her death, and then in a mews cottage in Mayfair, where he had no servant.
He died in London, 17 January 1903; administration of his goods was granted to his sister, 23 March 1903 (effects £269).

Allcard, Edward (1820-1900). Fifth son of John Allcard of Burton Closes Hall (Derbys), and his wife Mary Ann Swinborn, born 8 December 1820. Stockbroker; partner in Cannon, Pelly & Allcard and later Sheppard, Pelly & Allcard (retired 1888). He was a generous supporter and benefactor of Horsham Cottage Hospital. He married, 4 June 1846 at Chalfont St Peter (Bucks), Frances Mary (1820-1905), daughter of Stephen Cannon of Wood Bank, Gerrards Cross (Bucks), and had issue:
(1) Edward Julius Allcard (1849-1933) (q.v.);
(2) Frances Edith Allcard (1851-1906), born 30 June and baptised at St Mark, Clerkenwell, 25 July 1851; died unmarried, 30 September 1906 and was buried at Horsham, 3 October 1906; will proved 26 October 1906 (estate £16,050);
(3) Ada Mary Allcard (1853-1931), born 10 May 1853; married, 29 December 1884, Lt. Julius August Bernard Ludwig von Hartmann (c.1851-1902), son of Gen. Julius von Hartmann of Prussian Cavalry; she lived in Germany after her marriage but returned to England on her husband's death and resumed her maiden name during the First World War; a keen archer, she was Treasurer of St Leonard's Foresters Archery Society; died 26 March 1931 and was buried at Horsham; her will was proved 15 May 1931 (estate £32,956);
(4) Ethel Maud Allcard (1863-1952) (q.v.).
He purchased Wimblehurst, Horsham, in 1883. After his death it passed to his widow and then to his daughters.
He died 12 March 1900 and was buried at Horsham; his will was proved 17 May 1900 (estate £133,606). His widow died 4 October 1905 and was buried at Horsham; her will was proved 4 December 1905 (estate £25,602).

Edward Julius Allcard (1849-1933)
Allcard, Edward Julius (1849-1933). Only son of Edward Allcard (1820-1900) of Wimblehurst and his wife Frances, daughter of Stephen Cannon of Wood Bank, Gerrards Cross (Bucks), born 9 March and baptised at St Mark, Clerkenwell, London, 4 April 1849. Admitted as a member of the London Stock Exchange, 1870; stock-jobber. A keen yachtsman, he obtained a Master's certificate in 1893. He married, 1876, probably in Germany, Helene Auguste Charlotte Harseim (1853-1939), and had issue:
(1) Herbert Allcard (1876-1970), born 9 April and baptised at Petersham (Surrey), 14 May 1876; educated at Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst; an officer in the Royal Field Artillery (2nd Lt., 1896; Lt., 1899; Capt., 1902; Maj., 1912; Lt-Col., 1917), who served in South Africa (DSO, cancelled 1922) and First World War; married, Apr-Jun 1905 (sep. c.1918), Althea Beryl Molyneux Nicholson alias Carter, and had issue one son and one daughter; married bigamously, 31 December 1921 in Paris, his secretary and interpreter, Marie (d. 1922), daughter of Maj-Gen. Kotlarevsky of the Russian Imperial Army, who committed suicide in Chelsea (Middx) after the bigamous nature of her marriage was discovered; he was convicted and sent to prison for six months for bigamy; died aged 93 at Worthing, 7 March 1970; will proved 3 August 1970 (estate £4,164);
(2) Victor Allcard (1880-1978), born 24 October and baptised at St Mark, Surbiton (Surrey), 8 December 1880; stock-jobber; a freeman of the City of London from 1905; married, 1 August 1907 at St Mark, Surbiton, Ethel Kate (1880-1980), daughter of Frederick John Whitmore, gent., and had issue two daughters; died aged 97, 25 March 1978; will proved 10 July 1978 (estate £62,747);
(3) Rupert Allcard (1884-1967), born 5 July and baptised at Horsham, 19 August 1884; married, 17 April 1912 at Holy Trinity, Chelsea (Middx), Helen Flora (1887-1968), daughter of Frederick John Whitmore and had issue a son (the naval architect and single-handed yachtsman, Edward Allcard (1914-2017)); died 3 November 1967; will proved 10 January 1968 (estate £114,965).
He lived at Holmesdale, Teddington (Middx).
He died 1 February 1933; his will was proved 12 April 1933 (estate £28,079). His widow died 18 May 1939; will proved 1 July 1939 (estate £2,422).

Allcard, Ethel Maud (1863-1952). Youngest daughter of Edward Allcard (1820-1900) of Wimblehurst and his wife Frances, daughter of Stephen Cannon of Wood Bank, Gerrards Cross (Bucks), born Oct-Dec 1863. She was unmarried and without issue.
She and her sisters inherited Wimblehurst following the death of her mother in 1905. After 1931 she was the last survivor of the sisters. Following her death the house was divided into flats and later demolished in 1963.
She died 27 December 1952; her will was proved 15 April 1953 (estate £51,215).


M. Craven & M. Stanley, The Derbyshire country house, 2001, pp. 60-61; B. Slyfield, 'Edward Allcard and his family: generous town benefactors', Newsletter of the Horsham Society, November 2006, pp. 77-78; C. Hartwell, Sir N. Pevsner & E. Williamson, The buildings of England: Derbyshire, 2016, pp. 140-42; D. Barre, Historic gardens and parks of Derbyshire, 2017, pp. 167-69;

Location of archives

No significant accumulation is known to survive.

Coat of arms

Quarterly, argent and or, on a bend nebulée azure, three swans heads erased of the first, beaked gules.

Can you help?

Here are a few notes about information and images which would help to improve the account above. If you can help with any of these or with other additions or corrections, please use the contact form in the sidebar to get in touch. Can anyone:

  • Provide images of the interior of Burton Closes Hall when the Pugin-Crace decoration was intact?
  • Provide additional images of Wimblehurst, especially views of the interior?
  • Provide information about the location of family papers of the Allcard family.

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 10 January 2018.

Saturday, 6 January 2018

(316) Bagwell of Marlfield and Eastgrove

Bagwell of Marlfield
Like so many Anglo-Irish families, the Bagwells claimed descent from a captain in the Cromwellian army who settled in Ireland in the 1650s. This ancestor, John Bagwell or Backwell, is said to have been the brother of a London banker and it is true that there was a prominent London goldsmith and banker called Edward Backwell (c.1618-83) at the right time, who had an elder brother called John. Unfortunately, this John seems to have had no connection with Ireland, and lived at Tyringham in Buckinghamshire, where he died in 1703. There is indeed, no reason to suppose that the family's surname was changed when they came to Ireland, and it seems probable that the first of the family to settle in Ireland - who may well have been a Cromwellian soldier - came from the Devon-Somerset area, where the name Bagwell is historically most common.

It is, however, easy to see why the family came to connect their origins with Edward Backwell, because within three generations the Irish Bagwell family were certainly bankers themselves, at Clonmel (Tipperary). John Bagwell (d. 1754), who is also recorded as a draper and merchant, was probably the first of the family to move into banking, as a way of usefully employing the capital he had accumulated from his other business ventures. He acquired an estate called The Burgagery which a little later was said to be worth £20,000. His son, William Bagwell (c.1728-56), married the heiress of the Harper family, who were the leading banking family in Cork, and when he and his wife both died young it was the Harper family who brought up their children. Like many of the leading merchants of Clonmel and Cork at this time, the Bagwells and the Harpers were Protestant nonconformists, and Col. John Bagwell (1751-1816) was brought up in this tradition. He soon recognised, however, that he needed to conform to the Church of Ireland if he was going to realise his political and social aspirations. He set out to use the wealth generated by the family bank to buy influence and social status in an unusually direct way, so that his career - and to a lesser extent that of his sons - is a textbook illustration of the venality and patronage of 18th century politics. He bought an estate at Marlfield and build a remarkably grand new house there which proclaimed his wealth and claims to social consideration. His key step, however, was to invest in properties which brought a controlling interest in some of the small local boroughs, and then to ensure his own election and that of his two eldest sons to parliament in 1799. The Government was keen to push through the union of Britain and Ireland in that parliamentary session, and needed to achieve a majority in the Irish House of Commons to achieve this. The vote was close, and the Government resorted to promising favours to shore up its vote, in the way of appointment to positions of influence or salaried posts (many of which were complete sinecures) for MPs, their families and friends. Bagwell and his sons had initially opposed the Union, and by operating as a block they could make a difference of six votes between the two sides, and were thus much courted. They eventually agreed to support the Government in exchange for posts worth £9,000 a year, although there were rumours that the Government might be outbid at the last moment. In the end, however, they kept their word and voted for the Union.

In return for his support over Union and subsequent key issues, John Bagwell's ultimate ambition was to secure a peerage, but in this he never succeeded, as his background in commerce - and in particular the nicknames he gained as a result - were held to threaten the dignity of the peerage. He did, however, gain a range of appointments for his sons in the army, politics and the church. His eldest son, William Bagwell (1776-1826) made a career in parliament, and became a privy councillor in 1809. He held a sinecure appointment as Muster Master General for Ireland, with a salary of £4,000 a year, and when the value of this appointment was reduced by administrative reforms, he was additional appointed as a trustee of the Irish linen manufacture. William died unmarried, and his estates passed to his nephew, John Bagwell (1811-83), who came of age in 1832. The properties John inherited included not only Marlfield, but also his great-aunt's houses at Belgrove and Eastgrove, on an estate on the Great Island in Cork Harbour, which had belonged to the Harper family. Belgrove was let, but Eastgrove formed an agreeable summer retreat for the family, which was much used in the 19th century. Like his uncle and grandfather, John became a long-serving MP, sitting for Clonmel between 1857 and 1874 in the reformed Westminster parliament. For three years he held office as a member of the Liberal government, serving as one of the Lords of the Treasury.

John Bagwell divided his property been his two sons, with the elder, Richard Bagwell (1840-1918), who trained as a barrister and later held several senior posts in the civil service, receiving Marlfield, and the younger, William Bagwell (1849-1928), Belgrove and Eastgrove. Richard's principal claim to fame was as an historian, and his books Ireland under the Tudors and Ireland under the Stuarts were for long standard works on the history of those troubled times. As the struggle for Irish independence gathered momentum in the early 20th century, he also emerged as a stalwart defender of Unionism, and by the time of his death he held office as Chairman of the Southern Unionist Committee. Taking such a public stance in a highly charged and frequently violent debate, he must have known that he was putting his life and property at stake, but in fact he felt no repercussions. He left Marlfield to his son, John Philip Bagwell (1874-1946), who was a senior manager in the Irish railway industry. When the Irish Free State was established in 1922, he became a Senator in the upper house of the new Irish parliament, and it was this appointment which unleashed violence on the family. In January 1923, a group of 30-40 men from an anti-treaty IRA faction broke into Marlfield at night, gave Mrs. Bagwell and the servants ten minutes to gather together some personal possessions, and then burned the house down. A few weeks later, Mr Bagwell was kidnapped at gunpoint on the road near his Dublin home, and after several days in captivity (during which the Government threatened reprisals if he was not released) he either escaped or was allowed to escape, and wisely left the country until tensions had eased. The Irish state paid compensation for the damage to Marlfield, which was rebuilt in 1925, and remained in the family until it was sold in 1981, after the death of his son, Lt.-Cdr. William Bagwell (1905-79).

Eastgrove and Belgrove passed in 1883 to William Bagwell (1849-1928). Belgrove continued to be let to the Gumbleton family until 1911, but once they gave up their lease it proved increasingly difficult to find suitable tenants.
Millbrook House, Straffan (Co. Kildare). Image: NIAH.
Eastgrove remained the family home, and passed in due course to Lt-Col. John Bagwell (1884-1949), who retired from the army after the First World War and devoted himself to a life of sport: hunting, polo, golf and sailing -for which last Eastgrove was admirably situated. By the time his son, William Edward Gumbleton Bagwell (1919-85) inherited, Belgrove had long been unoccupied and was in poor condition. Mr Bagwell took the decision to demolish the old house, and sold off its site and grounds, on which a smaller new house was subsequently built. A few years later, he also sold Eastgrove, and bought instead Millbrook House at Straffan (Co. Kildare), a modest three-bay house of about 1840, which was more convenient for his work as a stockbroker in Dublin. Millbrook House remains in the family today.

Marlfield House, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary

Marlfield House: entrance front, as rebuilt with a flat roof in 1925.
A late 18th century house built in about 1785-90 by Col. John Bagwell MP (1751-1816), consisting of a centre block of three storeys over a basement joined to single-storey wings by long, partly curving links. The entrance front had seven bays, with a three-bay breakfront, and a fanlighted doorway with sidelights and two engaged columns. The links to the wings consist of short one-bay sections and then curved sweeps with blind arcading and niches; the wings each have a breakfront centre of blind arcading and niches, surmounted by a blind panel and an urn, with one bay either side. 

Marlfield House: garden front, facing across lawns to the River Blackwater.

On the garden front, the centre block has one bay either side of a broad central bow, with a conservatory (made by Richard Turner) on one side and a single-storey wing on the other. In 1833 the estate was given handsome entrance gates with twin Doric lodges to the designs of William Tinsley of Clonmel. The centre block of the house was burnt in 1923 and rebuilt in 1925 with a flat roof and a simplified pedimented doorway on the entrance front with no fanlight. 

Marlfield House: entrance hall
Marlfield House: saloon on the garden front.

The interiors of the principal ground floor rooms were recreated to an exceptional standard. After the house was sold by the family in 1981, the upper floors were converted into apartments, but the whole house is currently for sale with potential for reconversion to a single dwelling.

Descent: Col. John Bagwell (1751-1816); to son, Col. the Rt. Hon. William Bagwell (1775-1825); to nephew, John Bagwell (1811-83); to son, Richard Bagwell (1840-1918); to son, John Philip Bagwell (1874-1946); to second son, Lt-Cdr. William Bagwell (1905-79); to widow, Mary Bagwell, who sold 1981 to Dennis English; for sale 2016-18.

Eastgrove, Cobh, Co. Cork

Eastgrove House, seen from the waters of Cork Harbour
An early 19th century house in a sub-cottage orné style, on the edge of the Ballinacurra River, a heavily-wooded backwater of Cork Harbour. It was built for Dorcas Bousfield on land which had belonged to her mother's family estate at Belgrove, probably soon after she was widowed in 1805. The house has shallow gables with bargeboards and a trellised iron veranda on the front. A low polygonal drum tower with an pyramidal roof was added at one end of the house a few years later; its name, the Waterloo Tower, suggests a date of about 1815-16. It contains a large and impressive dining room with curved walls, and an elaborate plaster ceiling with an unusual geometric pattern suggestive of a net. 

Eastgrove House: dining room in the Wellington Tower
Eastgrove House: drawing room

There is also a large and handsome drawing room set behind a bay window. To the north of the house is a range of castellated outbuildings with a slender tower like a folly, and there is another tower in the woods. The house was restored and modernised for Lewis Glucksman in 2000-03 to the designs of FMP Architects.

Descent: Dorcas Bagwell (c.1750-1829), wife of Benjamin Bousfield (d. 1805); given to nephew, Rt Hon. William Bagwell (1776-1826); to nephew, John Bagwell (1811-83); given to son, William Bagwell (1849-1928); to son, John Bagwell (1884-1949); to son, William Edward Gumbleton Bagwell (1919-85), who sold 1958 to Robin Jenkinson; sold to Dermot Griffith...sold 2000 to Lewis Glucksman (d. 2006); to widow, Loretta Brennan Glucksman, who sold 2012. 

Belgrove, Cobh, Co. Cork

Belgrove: the view across the Ballinacurra River to Belgrove in the early 19th century
Belgrove: the house in the late 19th century
A Georgian house consisting of a two-storey main block with a long curved wing overlooking the Ballinacurra River. The house had an impressive and graceful bifurcating timber staircase, and fine gardens, with an 18th century terrace. In the later 19th century, the house was famous for its experimental gardens, where William Edward Gumbleton (1840-1911) undertook trials of new plant varieties and published the results in the gardening press. After the house reverted to the Bagwells in 1911, it proved difficult to find long-term tenants, and after it had been empty for many years, it was demolished c.1954. The site was subsequently sold and a smaller modern house built there for James Butler.

Descent: John Harper... Dorcas Bousfield (c.1750-1829); given to nephew, Col. Rt Hon. William Bagwell (1776-1826); to nephew, John Bagwell (1811-83); to son, William Bagwell (1849-1928); to son, John Bagwell (1884-1949); to son, William Edward Gumbleton Bagwell (1919-85), who demolished it; site sold to James Butler and a new smaller house built. The estate was let for much of the 19th century to Rev. G. Gumbleton and his son, William Edward Gumbleton (1840-1911).

Bagwell family of Marlfield

Bagwell, William (c.1728-56). Second son of John Bagwell (d. 1754) of Clonmel and Burgagery (Co. Tipperary), draper, merchant and banker, and his wife, daughter of the Rev. [forename unknown] Shaw, a Presbyterian clergyman, born about 1728. He was made a Freeman of Fethard (Co. Tipperary) in 1737 and of Clonmel, 1748. MP for Clonmel in the Irish Parliament, January-July 1756. He married, 1749 (settlement 9 April), Jane, daughter and co-heiress of John Harper (head of the Harper & Armistead bank, Cork), of Belgrove (Co. Cork), and had issue:
(1) Dorcas Bagwell (c.1750-1827) [for whom see below, Bagwell family of Eastgrove];
(2) Col. John Bagwell (1751-1816) (q.v.);
(3) Jane Bagwell; married, June 1769, John Kelly of Lismore (Co. Waterford);
(4) Isabella Bagwell (b. 1754); married, 26 March 1770, Arthur Gethin Creagh (1746-1833) of Laurentinum, Waterford, and had issue four sons and five daughters; living in 1796.
He probably lived The Burgagery, Clonmel.
He died in 1756. His wife is said to have died in 1753.

Bagwell, Col. John (1751-1816). Only son of William Bagwell (d. 1756) and his wife Jane, daughter and co-heiress of John Harper of Belgrove (Co. Cork), born 1751. Orphaned at the age of five, he was raised by his mother's family, the Harpers of Cork, in the nonconformist tradition, though he subsequently conformed to the Church of Ireland. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford (admitted 1768; MA 1771). MP for Co. Tipperary, 1790-1800 in the Irish Parliament and 1801-06 in the UK Parliament, in which capacity he exhibited an exceptional appetite for favours to secure his vote and that of his sons. Col. of the Tipperary Militia, 1793-1805, when he resigned in favour of his eldest son. Governor of Co. Tipperary, 1793-1816 (jointly, 1793-6 and 1800-16); High Sheriff of Co. Tipperary, 1793-94. Although he was not himself in trade, his background in commerce and his construction of flour mills early in his career told against him in Society; he attracted several nicknames, including 'the miller', 'Old Bags' and 'Marshal Sacks'. Perhaps as a consequence, he was sensitive of his honour as a gentleman and fought at least three duels, and it was his background as 'a low man' rather than his political venality that meant he was thought not sufficiently 'proper' for the prize he desired most, an Irish peerage. He married, 4 February 1774, Mary (1752-1812), eldest daughter of Richard Hare of Ennismore (Co. Kerry) and sister of 1st Earl of Listowel, and had issue:
(1) Margaret Bagwell (b. 1775), born about 10 January 1775; married, September 1800, John Keily of Belgrove (Co. Cork);
(2) Col. the Rt. Hon. William Bagwell (1776-1826) (q.v.);
(3) Very Rev. Richard Bagwell (1777-1825) (q.v.);
(4) John Bagwell (c.1778-1806); an officer in the army (Capt., 1794; Maj., 1794; Lt-Col., 1796; retired on half-pay, 1803; deputy adjutant-general, 1803); MP for Cashel, 1801-02;  died near Exeter, 4 March 1806, being killed outright by a fall from his horse;
(5) Jane Bagwell; married, 25 August 1805, as his second wife, Lt-Gen. Sir Eyre Coote MP (1759-1823), kt., of West Park (Hants), and had issue one son;
(6) Catherine Adeline Bagwell; married, 14 September 1807, John Croker JP (1784-1858) of Ballynagarde and Raleighstown (Co. Limerick) and had issue one son;
(7) Mary Bagwell; married, 3 July 1807 at Clonmel, as his second wife, Henry Grace Langley (1756-1821) of Brittas Castle (Co. Tipperary), but had no issue;
(8) Benjamin Bagwell (d. 1832); an officer in the Tipperary militia (paymaster, 1806; Lt-Col. by 1811); High Sheriff of Co. Tipperary, 1811-12; Collector of Customs, 1820; married 'privately and unknown to any person save the clergyman who performed the ceremony and one witness', 1826, Anne Carew of Clonmel, and had issue two daughters; died near London, 'after a tedious illness', 8 April 1832; will proved in the PCC, 13 April 1833.
He purchased the site of Marlfield in 1784 and built corn mills and a biscuit factory there; he built Marlfield House c.1785-90. In 1800 he purchased the whole town of Clonmel from the Earl of Ormonde's trustees; an investment that was said to be worth £18,000 a year by 1812.
He died 21 December 1816. His wife died 14 February 1812.

Bagwell, Col. the Rt. Hon. William (1776-1826). Elder son of Col. John Bagwell of Marlfield and his wife Mary, eldest daughter of Richard Hare of Ennismore (Co. Kerry), born March 1776. Educated at Westminster Sch. and in Germany. MP for Rathcormack, 1798-1800 in the Irish Parliament; and for Clonmel, 1801-19 and Co. Tipperary, 1819-26, in the UK Parliament; sworn of the Irish Privy Council, 17 January 1809. He was initially opposed to the Union of Ireland and the UK, but followed his father in changing sides when a sufficient inducement was offered by the Government. At Westminster, he was a consistent supporter of the Pitt and Portland ministries; though he ceased to oppose Catholic Emancipation after 1810, apparently with a view to securing election for Co. Tipperary. He was rewarded for his parliamentary support with a number of sinecure posts, including Muster Master-General for Ireland, 1807-26 (with a salary of £4,000 a year) and the colonelcy of the Tipperary Militia (Lt-Col., 1794-1805; Col. 1805-25), where he succeeded his father. After reform reduced the value of his sinecures, he was also made a trustee of the Irish Linen Manufacture, 1818-25. He was Governor of Co. Tipperary, 1807; Mayor of Clonmel, 1825; and was appointed a Director of the Provincial Bank of Ireland, 1825. In 1819 he fought a duel with the Earl of Donoughmore. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited Marlfield from his father in 1816 and appears to have been given Eastgrove and Belgrove by his aunt before her death in 1829. At his death, his estates passed to his nephew, John Bagwell (1811-83).
He died at Eastgrove, 4 November 1826.

Bagwell, Very Rev. Richard (1777-1825). Second son of Col. John Bagwell (1751-1816) of Marlfield and his wife Mary, eldest daughter of Richard Hare of Ennismore (Co. Kerry), born 1777. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1793; BA 1797). MP for Cashel, 1799-1800, but accepted the Stewardship of the Chiltern Hundreds when he was ordained and thus ceased to be eligible to sit as a member of Parliament, 1800. Vicar of Urney and Annagelliffe, 1804-05; Dean of Kilmacduagh, 1804-06; Precentor of Cashel, 1805-25 and Dean of Clogher, 1805-25; Mayor of Clonmel, 1803; Member of Royal Irish Academy. He married, 1808, Margaret (1786-1863), elder daughter of Edward Croker of Ballynagarde (Co. Limerick), and had issue:
(1) John Bagwell (1811-83) (q.v.);
(2) Margaret Bagwell (c.1812-84), born about 1812; married, 4 August 1838 at St Peter, Dublin, Joseph Gore (d. 1847) of Derrymore (Co. Clare) and had issue one son and one daughter; died 28 August 1884; will proved 23 September 1884 (effects £10,272);
(3) Mary Bagwell (c.1814-91), born about 1814; married, 26 October 1835 at Cork, George Gough (1814-94) of Birdhill (Limerick) and later Woodstown (Co. Limerick), eldest son of Maj. George Gough of Woodstown, but had no issue; died Apr-Jun 1891;
(4) Jane Bagwell (c.1816-91), born about 1816; married, 13 November 1842, Benjamin Bunbury Frend (1813-75) of Rocklow and Ardsallagh (Co. Limerick) and had issue one son and two daughters; died 12 March 1891; will proved 22 April 1891 (effects £4,615);
(5) Edward Bagwell (later Bagwell-Purefoy) (1819-83), born 2 August 1819; educated at Harrow; JP and DL for Co. Tipperary; an officer in 3rd Dragoon Guards (Cornet, 1838; Lt., 1843; Capt. 1847), Lt. Col. of Tipperary Militia; High Sheriff of Tipperary, 1856; assumed name of Purefoy by royal licence in 1847 on succeeding to estate of Col. Purefoy (d. 1846) at Greenfields (Tipperary); married 1st, 10 July 1854, Isabella Petronella (d. 1859), youngest daughter of Maj. Henry Langley of Brittas Castle (Co. Tipperary) and 2nd, 20 July 1861, Charlotte (d. Nov. 1881), daughter of John Green Wilkinson DL, and had issue three sons and one daughter by his second wife; died 2 July 1883.
He died 25 December 1825 and was buried in the churchyard of Clogher Cathedral; his will was proved in Dublin, 1826. His wife died in 1863; her will was proved at Waterford, 1863.

John Bagwell MP (1811-83)
Bagwell, John (1811-83). Elder son of Very Rev. Richard Bagwell (1777-1873), Dean of Clogher, and his wife Margaret, elder daughter of Edward Croker of Ballynagarde (Co. Limerick), born 3 April 1811. Educated at Winchester. JP and DL for Co. Tipperary; High Sheriff of Co. Tipperary, 1834; Liberal MP for Clonmel, 1857-74; a Lord of the Treasury, 1859-62. He married, 21 June 1838 at St Ann, Dublin, Hon. Frances Eliza (c.1814-1901) (who was granted the style and precedence of the daughter of a Baron by Royal Warrant 1855), youngest daughter of Hon. Francis Aldborough Prittie DL MP and sister of 3rd Baron Dunalley, and had issue:
(1) Elizabeth Bagwell (c.1839-86); lived in Chelsea (Middx); died unmarried, 2 August 1886; will proved in London, 3 November 1886 (effects in England £6,451), and sealed in Dublin (effects in Ireland £6,147);
(2) Richard Bagwell (1840-1918) (q.v.);
(3) Margaret Bagwell (c.1842-1904); married, 17 July 1862 at St Ann, Dublin, John Thornton Rogers (1834-1900) of Riverhill (Kent) and had issue one son and three daughters; died 23 June 1904; will proved 12 August 1904 (estate £7,140);
(4) Emily Bagwell (1843-1926), born 7 November 1843; married, 5 August 1873 at St Ann, Dublin, John Carrington Ley (c.1841-1932), barrister-at-law and HM Inspector of Schools, and had issue three daughters; died 8 November 1926; will proved 24 December 1926 (estate £642);
(5) William Bagwell (1849-1928) [for whom see below, Bagwell family of Eastgrove].
(6) Fanny Bagwell (1853-1944), born 12 November 1853; died unmarried aged 90, 20 July 1944; will proved 16 September 1944 (estate £11,504).
He inherited Marlfield, Eastgrove and Belgrove from his uncle in 1825, and came of age in 1832.
He died 2 March 1883. His widow died 17 April 1901.

Bagwell, Richard (1840-1918). Elder son of John Bagwell (1811-83) of Marlfield and his wife Frances Eliza, youngest daughter of Hon. Francis Aldborough Prittie DL JP MP, born 9 December 1840. Educated at Harrow, Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated 1859; BA 1864; MA 1872) and Inner Temple (admitted 1862; called to bar, 1866). An officer in the Tipperary Artillery (Capt.). Barrister-at-law; Special Local Government Commissioner, 1898-1903; Commissioner for National Education, 1905-18; DL for Tipperary (from 1884) and JP (from 1872) for Tipperary and Waterford; High Sheriff of Tipperary, 1869-70. Historian and author of Ireland under the Tudors, Ireland under the Stuarts etc.; he was awarded honorary doctorates of literature by the University of Oxford and Trinity College, Dublin. In politics he was active in the cause of Unionism and in his last years was Chairman of the Southern Unionist Committee. A freemason from 1862. He married, 9 January 1873, Harriette Philippa Jocelyn (c.1852-1937), fourth daughter of Philip Jocelyn Newton JP DL of Dunleckney Manor (Co. Carlow), and had issue:
(1) John Philip Bagwell (1874-1946) (q.v.);
(2) Emily Georgiana Bagwell (1877-1943), born 29 August 1877; died unmarried, 15 May 1943; will proved 29 November 1943 (estate £8,267);
(3) Margaret Bagwell (1884-1949), born 23 June 1884; died unmarried, 8 or 14 July 1949; will proved 29 November 1949 (effects in Ireland £2,842);
(4) Lilla Minnie Bagwell (1888-1974), born 10 June 1888; married, 4 October 1915, Capt. John Perry MC (d. 1965) of Birdhill, Clonmel (Co. Tipperary) and had issue one daughter (who married, as his second wife, her first cousin, Lt-Cdr. William Bagwell (q.v.)); died 30 August 1974; will proved 16 January 1975 (estate £1,186).
He lived at Innislonaght House, Clonmel, from his marriage until he inherited Marlfield from his father in 1883.
He died at Clontarf (Dublin), 4 December 1918 and was buried at Marlfield; his will was proved in Dublin and sealed in London, 25 August 1918 (effects in England £243). His widow died 12 February 1937; her will was proved 26 May 1937 (effects £3,860).

Bagwell, John Philip (1874-1946). Only son of Richard Bagwell (1840-1918) and his wife Harriette Philipps Jocelyn, daughter of Philip Jocelyn Newton JP DL of Dunleckney Manor (Co. Carlow), born 11 August 1874. Educated at Harrow, 1888-91 and Trinity College, Oxford (matriculated 1893). An officer in 4th (militia) Battn, Royal Irish Regiment (2nd Lt., 1900; Lt., 1900). JP and DL for Co. Tipperary. Asst. Superintendent of Line, Midland Railway, 1905-09; Superintendent of Passenger Service, 1910-11; General Manager, Great Northern Railway of Ireland, 1911-26; Independent Senator of Irish Free State, 1922-36. In January 1923 Marlfield was burned by an anti-treaty faction of the IRA, and at the end of the month he was kidnapped by a similar group, prompting a proclamation by the Irish government that if he was not released unharmed, reprisals would be taken; he was released or (by his own account) escaped five days later. He married, 23 January 1901 at Holy Trinity, Chelsea (Middx), Louisa (1862-1948), youngest daughter of Maj-Gen. George Shaw CB, and had issue:
(1) Richard Bagwell (1901-55), born 21 October 1901; educated at Harrow, Brasenose College, Oxford and Inner Temple (admitted 1923); Assistant Commercial Manager, Midland Region, British Railways; lived latterly at Thornleigh, Wetheral (Cumbld); died unmarried, 26 January 1955; administration of goods granted 28 January 1957 to his brother (estate £75);
(2) Lilla Cecily Bagwell (1902-72), born 26 October 1902; died unmarried, 5 March 1972; administration of her goods granted to her brother William (estate in England & Wales, £6,366);
(3) Lt-Cdr. William Bagwell (1905-79) (q.v.).
He inherited Marlfield from his father in 1918, but the house was burned by the IRA on 9 January 1923, destroying the important library built up by his father; he claimed compensation from the Irish state (eventually settled at £36,000) and rebuilt it in 1925. He also had a house near Dublin.
He died 22 August 1946; his will was proved 21 December 1946 (estate £13,411). His widow died 13 March 1948; her will was proved 5 May 1948 (estate £125).

Bagwell, Lt-Cdr William (1905-79). Second son of John Philip Bagwell (1874-1946) and his wife Louisa, youngest daughter of Maj-Gen. George Shaw CB, born 2 March 1905. Educated at Royal Naval Colleges, Osborne and Dartmouth. An officer in the Royal Navy from 1918-32 (Lt; retired invalid, 1932) and 1939-41 (Lt-Cdr.; invalided, 1941). He married 1st, 6 November 1933, Evelyn Irene Hamilton (1896-1965), daughter of Arthur James Hamilton Wills of London and widow of Wilfred Francis Herbert Watson (by whom she had one son), and 2nd, 27 June 1972, his first cousin, Mary Lilla (b. 1919), only daughter of Capt. John Perry MC of Birdhill, Clonmel (Co. Tipperary) and widow of Ronald Gordon Barratt, and had issue:
(1.1) Hugh William Bagwell (b. 1934), born 26 November 1934; educated at Harrow; emigrated to New Zealand; married, 19 April 1961, Claire Erica, only daughter of Gerald C. Gallan of Havelock North (NZ) and had issue five daughters;
(1.2) Pamela Eve Irene Bagwell (b. 1938), born 18 June 1938; educated at St Hilda's College, Oxford (BA 1959; DipEd 1960); married, 30 December 1961, John Barnard Bush (b. 1937) of Fullingbridge Farm, Heywood (Wilts), Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire, 2004-12, son of Barnard Robert Swanton Bush of Norton St. Philip (Somerset), and had issue one son and one daughter.
He inherited Marlfield from his father in 1946, but his widow sold it in 1981.
He died 24 May 1979; his will was proved in 1979 (estate £115,493). His first wife died 6 September 1965. His widow's date of death is unknown.

Bagwell family of Eastgrove

Dorcas Bagwell by A. Kauffmann
Bagwell, Dorcas (c.1750-1827). Eldest daughter of William Bagwell (d. 1756) and his wife Jane, daughter and co-heiress of John Harper of Belgrove (Co. Cork), born about 1750. Her portrait was painted by Angelica Kauffmann, probably when the painter visited Ireland in the autumn of 1771. She married, 1769 at Cork, Benjamin Bousefield (1748-1805) of Lakelands (Co. Cork), but had no issue.
She appears to have inherited Belgrove in the late 18th century, but let it and built Eastgrove House on part of the estate, probably soon after she was widowed in 1805. At her death she left both houses to her nephew, Rt. Hon. William Bagwell [for whom see above].
She died in 1829; administration of her goods was granted in 1829 to John Kiely, and a further grant was made 31 March 1865 of a portion of the estate left unadministered. Her husband died in 1805.

Bagwell, William (1849-1928). Younger son of John Bagwell (1811-83) of Marlfield and his wife Frances Eliza, youngest daughter of Hon. Francis Aldborough Prittie DL JP MP, born 5 March 1849. Educated at Harrow. An officer in the Rifle Brigade (Ensign, 1869; Lt.; retired 1878). JP for Co. Cork. He married, 1 June 1881 at St Ann, Dublin, Mary (c.1854-1923), daughter of C. Spring Rice of Marlhill (Co. Tipperary) and had issue:
(1) Dorcas Bousfield Bagwell (1882-1953), born 2 August 1882; lived at St Helens, East Farleigh (Kent); died unmarried, 18 August 1953; will proved 3 February 1954 (estate £4,346);
(2) John Bagwell (1884-1949) (q.v.);
(3) Frances Bagwell (1886-1977), born 11/13 February and baptised at Chelsea (Middx), 14 March 1886; lived at Jamesbrook House, Ballinacurra (Co. Cork); died unmarried, 26 April 1977.
He inherited Eastgrove and Belgrove from his father in 1883 (although he was probably resident at Eastgrove earlier) and gained possession of Belgrove in 1911.
He died of pneumonia, 27 December 1928; his will was proved 6 April 1929 (estate in England & Wales £2,843) and 16 April 1929 (estate in Ireland £18,317). His wife died 23 October 1923; her will was proved 20 December 1923 (estate in Ireland, £3,152) and 29 January 1924 (estate in England & Wales £1,878).

Bagwell, Lt-Col. John (1884-1949). Only son of William Bagwell (1849-1928) of Eastgrove House, and his wife Mary, daughter of C. Spring Rice of Marlhill (Co. Tipperary), born 3 March 1884. Educated at Harrow and RMC Sandhurst; an officer in the Royal Norfolk Regt., 1903-18 (2nd Lt., 1903; Lt., 1905; Capt., 1912; Bt. Maj., 1914; retired, 1914; returned to colours, 1914; retired as Lt. Col., 1918) who served in Somaliland, 1908-10 and First World War (mentioned in despatches four times); in the Second World War he commanded the 1st Down Battn of Ulster Home Guard. Appointed MVO, 1909; MC 1916; and a Chevalier of Legion d'honneur; awarded Order of White Eagle of Serbia. He was a keen sportsman, hunting, playing polo and golf, and yachting; he was Admiral of the Royal Cork Yacht Club. He married, 27 April 1914 at Holy Trinity, Sloane St., London, Mary Ethel (1883-1975), younger daughter of Samuel Kingan DL JP of Glenganagh, Bangor (Co. Down), and had issue:
(1) Barbara Elspeth Mary Bagwell (1915-2003), born 19 February 1915; married, 25 April 1959, as his second wife, Dr. Bernard Wilson Roffey (1898-1980) of Fir Lodge, Hopesay (Shropshire), only son of James Robert Roffey RN of Havant (Hants), but had no issue; died 3 April 2003; will proved 31 July 2003;
(2) William Edward Gumbleton Bagwell (1919-85) (q.v.).
He inherited Eastgrove and Belgrove from his father in 1928.
He died of pneumonia, 4 July 1949; his will was proved 2 May 1950 (estate in Ireland £7,491). His widow died 3 September 1975 aged 92; her will was proved 5 December 1975 (estate in England & Wales £26,995).

Bagwell, William Edward Gumbleton (1919-85). Only son of Lt-Col. John Bagwell (1884-1949) of Eastgrove House, and his wife Mary Ethel, younger daughter of Samuel Kingan DL JP of Glenganagh, Bangor (Co. Down), born 5 May 1919. Educated at Harrow,  Balliol College, Oxford (BA 1948; MA 1948) and Inner Temple (called to bar, 1953). An officer in Royal Norfolk Regt. in Second World War (2nd Lt., 1939; Lt., 1945; Capt., 1946; wounded; retired disabled as Maj., 1946; mentioned in despatches; MC 1946). Stockbroker; partner in Goodbody, Dublin, 1968-85. He married, 11 June 1955 at Skibbereen (Co. Cork), Katharine Mary (b. 1932), only daughter of Brig. Morgan John Winthrop O'Donovan MC, The O'Donovan, of Hollybrook House, Skibbereen, and had issue:
(1) John Bagwell (b. 1956), born 12 March 1956; educated at Harrow; investment management professional living in London;
(2) Jane Mary Bagwell (b. 1957), born 26 August 1957; director in music promotion industry; married Apr-Jun 1983, Peter J. Busby, and had issue two sons and one daughter;
(3) William Henry Bagwell (b. 1960), born 7 August 1960; educated at Harrow; company director; married, Oct-Dec. 1987, Melissa Anne (b. 1959), daughter of Ivan Peachey of London, and had issue one son and one daughter;
(4) Rupert Thomas Richard Bagwell (b. 1963), born 13 June 1963; perhaps the artist of this name based at Liscannor (Co. Clare);
(5) Charles Edward Bagwell (b. 1968), born 26 April 1968; lives at Millbrook (Co. Kildare).
He inherited Eastgrove and Belgrove from his father in 1949, but demolished Belgrove in 1954 and sold Eastgrove in 1958. He lived subsequently at Millbrook, Straffan (Co. Kildare).
He died in London, 7 May 1985; his will was proved 18 September 1985 (estate in England & Wales, £506,184). His widow is now living.


Burke's Irish Landed Gentry, 1976, pp. 50-51; M. Bence-Jones, A guide to Irish country houses, 2nd edn, 1990, pp. 36-37, 118, 160, 203, 206; E.M. Johnston-Liik, History of the Irish Parliament 1692-1800, 2002, vol. 3, pp. 125-29.

Location of archives

Bagwell family of Marlfield: estate papers, rentals and accounts, 18th-20th cents. [National Library of Ireland]

Coat of arms

Paly of six argent and azure on a chief gules, a lion passant argent.

Can you help?

Here are a few notes about information and images which would help to improve the account above. If you can help with any of these or with other additions or corrections, please use the contact form in the sidebar to get in touch. Can anyone:

  • Explain why Lt-Cdr. William Bagwell succeeded his father at Marlfield in 1946 rather than his elder brother, Richard?
  • Provide additional portraits or photographs of the members of the family whose names appear in bold above?
  • Supply fuller or corrected genealogical details for recent generations of the family?

Revision and acknowledgements

This post was first published 6 January 2018.